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handful of factious persons were led on by Colonel Nicholas Santiago Rotalde, who was officer of the day at the Marine Gate, and who, wanting to the confidence of the Government, wished to disturb the tranquillity of this noble and illustrious city. You are aware that the plot was foiled, and I flatter myself, that similar seeds of discord will not again be re-produced, but you ought also to know that similar crimes cannot remain unpunished, and that in making use of my authority, I am bound to take the most energetic measures, in order that all good men may enjoy repose in their houses and families. Wherefore the said Rotalde having fled in order to avoid the punishment he deserved, I command the inhabitants of this city, if they discover him, to deliver up to me the person of this rebel, or to point out to me the place where he may be. At the same time [ recommend you to prevent all assemblies being held within or without the city, and if they take place, I command that they be dispersed by the armed force. Inhabitants of Cadiz, I thank you for your conduct, and I hope that, henceforwards, you will in the same manner correspond to my esteem and affection for you.
"ANTONIO RODRIGUEZ VALDES."
The shutting of the English ports against foreign corn begins to be sensibly felt in the Baltic. A Copenhagen article, Jan. 1, inserted in the foreign journals, says, "The prohibition to import corn into England, and the high duty imposed on it in Sweden, having contributed still more to depress the prices of grain, to the great prejudice of the farmer, it has been proposed to lay a duty on the importation of foreign coru into Denmark, which is to prohibit it for some time."
An ordinance has been issued by the King of Prussia, for strictly prohibiting the introduction into his dominions of any newspaper in the German language, published either in England or France; and of all papers published in the Netherlands, except with licence of the Prussian Ambassador at Brussels.
The Emperor Alexander has signalized his birth-day by releasing his subjects entirely from the burden of war-taxes. ASIA.
Accounts from Batavia, in the Dutch papers, confirm representations received by previous letters from thence, and exhibit a very unfavourable picture of the state of the Dutch colonies in the Indian Archipelago. The Dutch tenure of those insular possessions even seems in a high degree precarious. The authorities of the King of the Netherlands are carrying on a
contest with the Sultan of Palembang ; while discontent and insurrection threaten them at Sappoora, at Macassar, in the Isle of Ceram, at Banca, and in the immediate neighbourhood of Batavia itself. The natives appear tired of the Dutch Government. The new settlement at Sincapoor, founded by Sir Thomas Raffles, is rapidly advancing in strength and population.
It appears by the American papers, that most of the States are earnestly labouring to banish slavery from the Union altogether. Congress is occupied with the admission of young States as independent members of the Union.
The American Government is employing an expedition to explore the Copper Mine River: this is described as part of a system of measures, for the security of the North-Western frontier of the United States, and for the protection of their fur trade.
In Congress, on the 17th December, a resolution was submitted for preparing a bill to indemnify those citizens of the United States who lost their property in consequence of the general conflagration by the enemy on the Niagara frontier, during the late war. The Annual Treasury Report was presented by the American Government to Congress on the 10th. This document contains a full exposition, of the amount of the revenue for five years past; viz. from 1815 inclusive. It ex-. hibits likewise a concise account of the public debt in its separate branches. The whole revenue for 1815 was 49,555,642 dollars; in 1816, the second year of peace with England, 36,657,904 dollars; in 1817, 24,365,227 dollars; in 1818, 26,095,200 dollars; and in 1819 (calculated at) 25,827,824 dollars. The customs in 1815, when the ports of America were first opened to the introduction of British merchandize (after the war), amounted to upwards of 36,000,000 of dollars; 1819, about 20,000,000 of dollars. The public expenditure for the last year is stated at 25.492,387 dollars, leaving a small ba lance in the Treasury. The total of the public debt unredeemed on the 1st Jan. is estimated at 88,885,203 dollars. The revenue for 1820 is estimated at 22 millions dollars, being about 4 millions less than 1819; of this sum the customs are taken at 19 millions, which is less by one million than their produce last year-a proof that the Government is not sanguine, in its speculations as to a speedy increase in the prosperity of foreign commerce. The expenditure for 1820 is estimated at 27,000,000, being 6,000,000 more than the revenue; and the reporter adds, that, "it is probable, that the estimate for succeeding years will exceed, rather than.
fall below it." The President, in consequence of this view of the finances, submits to Congress the expediency of augmenting the revenue, or reducing the expenditure. Should the former part of the alternative be resorted to, he recommends an addition to the duties upon certain articles of foreign merchandise, of which
the description may be easily guessed, from his subjoining, that the present he conceives to be a favourable moment for affording "protection to the cotton, woollen, and iron manufactures" of the United States, so as to secure them the home market. The report states that a loan is absolutely necessary.
INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS
PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. Our present most Gracious Majesty, George the Fourth, has been proclaimed in most of the principal towns of the United Kingdom with the greatest ceremony. The Corporations, and the principal gentlemen of different towns and cities, have formed the most splendid processions to celebrate the Accession of His Majesty to the throne of his ancestors.
Feb. 2. A destructive fire broke out this evening, at the house of Philip Aldevel, esq called Somerton lodge, Herts. It was occasioned by the negligence of a maid-servant in suffering a candle to set fire to a bed-room on the second floor. Instead of endeavouring to extinguish the flames, she ran down stairs and alarmed the house; in the interval, the room was on fire in all parts. The Southern wing of the house, consisting of eight rooms, together with the valuable furniture, which was uninsured, was destroyed in less than two hours. A strong wall confined the Aames to this wing of the house. The damage sustained is estimated at 5,0001.
Feb. 13. A curious circumstance occurred at Market Lavington, Wilts. A person named Jane Webb, attended divine service attired precisely in the same seit of mourning for our late Sovereign George III. as was worn by her for King George II. The singularity of its make attracted much notice. This venerable and frugal spinster has attained her 76th year.
A Druidical Temple is to be seen in the highest point of the farm of Craigmunthro, a mile South from Forfar.-It is a circle of large stones, the largest in the middle. The field was fallowed last year, and this temple trenched; from which a great quantity of stones were turned up: nothing else appeared, except a few stones that went to dust. The field this year was sown with barley, and this trenched part with the rest: now, as far as this space extended, there are considerable quantities of oats of various kinds sprung up among the barley, the seeds of which must have remained there more than 1000 years! without the trenched ground there is not the least bead of oats to be seen. Orders have been given to preserve these oat plants.
GENT. MAG. February, 1820.
Accounts from Ireland describe Roscommon, Mayo, and Galway as in a very disturbed state-infamous oaths administering to the lower orders, and arms seized by them for illegal purposes-they swear
"No Protestants;" and part of their creed is, to pave a new road that is to be made by them with Protestant boues, and an abolition of tithes, division of property, and no more than a certain sum to be paid per acre.
Norwich, Feb. 2. On Wednesday evening last, about eight o'clock, the North bank of the Wissey (about three furlongs above Hilgay-bridge) suddenly gave way, making a breach to the extent of upwards of 50 feet; through which the water rushed with such impetuosity, that in a very short time a tremendous gulph of 22 feet in depth was formed. We are sorry to add, that by this calamitous event, several hundred acres of land (a great part of which was sown with wheat), in Roxham and the vicinity were from two to three feet under water.
OCCURRENCES IN LONDON AND ITS VICINITY.
OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS ON THE ACCESSION OF KING GEORGE IV. From the London Gazette Extraordinary, Monday, Jan. 31, 1820.
Whitehall, Jan. 31. On Saturday afternoon, at thirty-five minutes past eight o'clock, our late most gracious Sovereign King George the Third, whose strength bad gradually declined for some weeks, expired without the least apparent suffering, at his Castle of Windsor, in the 82d year of his age, and the 60th of his reign. No Sovereign ever possessed in a higher degree the veneration and affection of his subjects; and their grief for his loss is only abated by the unhappy malady, which has precluded his Majesty from directing the measures of his Government during the nine latter years of his glorious reign.
Upon the news of this melancholy event arriving in London, the Lords of the Privy Council assembled yesterday at Carlton House, and gave orders for proclaiming his present Majesty, who made a most gracious Declaration to them, and caused all the Lords and others of the late King's Privy
Privy Council, who were then present, to be sworn of his Majesty's Privy Council.
And this day, about noon, his Majesty was proclaimed; first before CarltonHouse, where the Officers of State, Nobility, and Privy Councillors, were present, with the Officers of Arms, all being on foot. Then the officers being mounted on horseback, the like was done at Charing-cross, within Temple-bar, at the end of Woodstreet, in Cheapside, and lastly, at the Royal Exchange, with the usual solemnities; the principal Officers of State, a great number of the Nobility, and of other persous of distinction, attending during the whole ceremony.
"Whereas, it has pleased the Almighty God to call to his mercy our late Sovereign Lord, King George the Third, of blessed memory, by whose decease the Imperial Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, is solely and rightfully come to the high and mighty Prince, George, Prince of Wales. We, therefore, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of this Realm, being here assisted with those of his late Majesty's Privy Council, with numbers of other principal Gentlemen of quality, with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of London, do now hereby with one voice and consent of tongue and heart, publish and proclaim that the high and mighty Prince George, Prince of Wales, is now, by the death of the late Sovereign, of happy memory, become our only lawful and rightful liege Lord, George the Fourth, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith and so forth, to whom we do acknowledge all faith and constant obedience, with all hearty and humble affection; beseeching God, by whom Kings and Queens do reign, to bless the Royal Prince, George the Fourth, with long and happy years to reign
"Given at the Court at Carlton House, this 30th day of January, 1820. "God save the King."
LEOPOLD, Prince of Saxe Cobourg. C.Cantuar, Eldon (C.), Montrose, Athol, Wellesley, Camden, Lauderdale, Chatham, Bathurst, Liverpool, Mulgrave, Melville, Sidmouth, Melbourne, Chetwynd, W. London, Wm. Courtenay, W. Curtis, John Famer, John Perring, James Shaw, George Scholey, Samuel Birch, Matthew Wood, C. Smith, Gerrard Andrewes, R. Hodgson, John Ireland, G. Cockburn, H. Hothan, Besborough, C. Warren, Sam. Carlisle, Ellenborough, Charles Manners Sutton, N. Vansittart, Frederick John Robinson, Wm. Scott, T. Wallace, W. Grant, John Nicholl, R. Richards, Charles Arbuthnot, Robert Peel, W. Sturges Bourne, Charles
Bagot, John Leach, C. Abbott, R. Dallas, B. Bloomfield, Ailesbury, George Bridges (Mayor), George Clerk, Christopher Robinson, R. Gifford, J. W. Croker, George R. Dawson, Thomas Pere. Courtenay, J. S. Copley, H. Bankes, C. Flower, John Atkins, John Silvester, C. Magnay, Robert Alb. Cox, John Thomas Thorp, Richard Rothwell, John Edmund Dowdeswell, R. Clark, Henry Woodthorpe, T. Tyrrell, Wm. Borradaile, jun. Thomas Smith, Herbert Taylor, W. Keppel, F. T. Hammond, William Congreve, Newman Knowlys (the Common Serjeant of London), James Buller, Jos. Whatley, George Nayler (York).
At the Court at Carlton House, January
30, 1820, present, the King's most excellent Majesty in Council:
His Majesty being this day present in Council, was pleased to make the following Declaration, viz.
"I have directed that you should be assembled here, in order that I may discharge the painful duty of announcing to you the death of the King, my beloved father.
"It is impossible for me adequately to express the state of my feelings upon this melancholy occasion, but I have the consolation of knowing, that the sevère calamity with which his Majesty has been afflicted for so many years, has never effaced from the minds of his subjects the impres sions created by his many virtues; and his example will, I am persuaded, live for ever in the grateful remembrance of his country.
"Called upon, in consequence of his Majesty's indisposition, to exercise the prerogatives of the Crown on his behalf, it was the first wish of my heart to be allowed to restore into his hands the powers with which I was entrusted. It has pleased Almighty God to determine otherwise, and I have not been insensible to the advantages which I have derived from administering, in my dear father's name, the Government of this realm.
"The support which I have received from Parliament and the country, in times the most eventful, and under the most arduous circumstances, could alone inspire me with that confidence which my present station demands.
"The experience of the past will, I trust, satisfy all classes of my people, that it will ever be my most anxious endeavour to promote their prosperity and happiness, and to maintain unimpaired the religion, laws, and liberties of the kingdom."
Whereupon the Lords of the Council
At the Court at Carlton House, January 30, 1820, present,
The King's Most Excellent Majesty,
H. R. H. the Duke of Clarence,
&c. &c. &c.
His Majesty, at his first coming into the Council, was this day pleased to declare, that, understanding that the law requires be should, at his accession to the Crown, take and subscribe the oath relating to the security of the Church of Scotland, he was now ready to do it this first opportunity, which his Majesty was graciously pleased to do according to the forms used by the law of Scotland, and subscribed two instruments thereof, in the presence of the Lords of the Council, who witnessed the same; and his Majesty was pleased to order, that one of the said instruments be transmitted to the Court of Session, to be recorded in the books of the Sede ruut, and after which to be forthwith lodged in the Public Register of Scotland, and that the other of them remain among the records of the Council, and be en ered in the Council Book.
A most extraordinary case, or rather series of cases, occupied the time of the Court, at the Old Bailey, several bours. A man of colour, a very respectable individual, was tried upon three indictments, for horse-stealing (hiring horses and riding off with them), and was in each case positively sworn to by a number of witnesses; although it appeared beyond all doubt, from the concurring testimony of several most respectable persons, that the prisoner could not be the man who committed the offences imputed to him. It seems, he had the misfortune of being so much like another individual, that he might easily be mistaken for him. It was also proved by an eminent solicitor, that a person exactly resembling the prisoner in person had lately been sent out of the country, and that the only difference in their appearance was in their hair. He was, of course, acquitted upon each charge.
This morning a fire broke out in the house of Mr. Fowler, known by the name of China Hall, on the Lower Deptfordroad, which communicated to his silk mills; the whole of which, with a large quantity of silk, was totally consumed. Tuesday, Feb. 1.
The following singular circumtance oc curred :-A stag which was turned out, we believe, in the neighbourhood of Lord Derby's seat, at Seven Oaks, after leading his pursuers a circuit of near forty miles, made towards the Metropolis, and entered the suburbs at Vauxhall: he crossed towards Kennington, and by cross streets and bye-ways got into Lambeth Walk; here, being hard pressed by the dogs, he turned up King-street, and bolted through a window into a room in which a poor shoemaker was sitting at work: he was followed by the dogs, to the great alarm of the descendant of Crispin. His life would soon have fallen a sacrifice to the dogs, had not the whipper in arrived at the instant, and interposed to save him; he was secured and conveyed in safety to Mumford's livery stables, Kennington-cross.
Tuesday, Feb. 8.
Butt v. Sir Nathaniel Conant. final judgment of the Court of Common Pleas, was this day given in this case. It was an action of trespass and false imprisonment, brought by the plaintiff against Sir Nathaniel Conant, for having issued a warrant, by which the plaintiff was arrested, and subsequently committed for want of bail. The warrant had been issued on account of the publication of two libels; one on Lord Ellenborough, the late Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench, and the other on Lord Castlereagh. The case bad been brought to trial before Chief Justice Dallas, who declared at the time, that the defendant, as a magistrate, was justified by the law in doing what he had done. The jury, not agreeing with the Learned Judge, found a special verdict, and the point of law now came on to be argued for the second time.
Lord Chief Justice Dallas gave judgment that a Magistrate is bound to commit in not only actual, but expected, breaches of the peace, and that on information on
A most respectable meeting of the merchants of this city engaged in the commerce with the Netherlands, took place at the London Tavern, for the purpose of raising a subscription among their own members, to be appropriated to the relief of the sufferers by the late inundations in that country. William Ward, Esq. was invited to preside on the occasion, and opened the business of the day by a short, but perspicuous, statement of the views of that assembly, and the peculiar propriety of their interference in endeavouring to alleviate so signal a calamity. As merchants connected with Holland, they had met to perform an act of charity, and they would perform it without ostentation. As an introduction to the business of the meeting, the Rev. Dr. Werninck then read a detailed description of the calamity that had called forth this benevolent interference, the recital of which produced an evident emotion in the whole company. The inundations have been more fatal and more extensive than any that have before occurred, even in a country peculiarly exposed to that species of devastation. It appears, too, that no part of the calamity is chargeable upon the neglect of those whose business it was to take measures for protecting the country against the overflow of the waters. On the contrary, the most extraordinary exertions were every where made to exclude them. Upon one dyke, for instance, of only three miles long, upwards of 1500 men were constantly at work; yet such was the rapid and unexampled increase of the water, occasioned by the melting of the immense quantity of snow in the higher parts of the interior, and the incessant rains, that all precaution availed nothing.
As the ice in the lower parts of the rivers remained firm, and became gradually piled up, by the accumulation of the floating masses, till it formed an immovable barrier, the water was stopped in its course, and prevented from runuing down into the sea. Some idea may be formed of this sudden and unparalleled augmentation, when the fact is mentioned, that on the 27th of January, at Dalem, and the adjacent villages, in the province of South Holland, the water having increased at noon to the height of seven feet from the ground, obtained by new breaches in the dyke such an immense addition, that at two o'clock it had risen to the
height of eleven feet. Some cases of particular distress, in this general picture of human suffering, are too striking not to be recorded in this place and on this occasion. A breach in the dyke of so large a magnitude took place near to the village of Leinden, in Guelderland, that the violence of the water rushing through it, accompanied with heavy masses of ice, swept away many of the dwellings; and the inhabitants, with the greatest difficulty, and with the loss of their children and sick and aged relations, saved themselves by running to the church, which, standing on an eminence, was protected by some intervening houses from the violence of the flood. In this church upwards of 750 persons took refuge, without being able to save an article of property, lamenting the loss of relations, dwellings, and cattle, and reduced at the same time to a state of starvation; for they remained two or three days in this situation before any provisions could be brought to them; not only because all the provisions in the village were destroyed, but no boats were able to reach them from other places; for the wind, which blew very hard, and the impetuous flowing of the water, prevented all intercourse. At Leut, another village in Guelderland, a similar occurrence took place. The people were compelled to fly to a nobleman's seat in the vicinity, where they were humanely received, to the number of 200. Even then they were in great danger; but, fortunately, the strength of the building withstood the violence of the ice, and the impetuosity of the flood. Oosterhout, a village in the other part of Guelderland, the Roman Catholic church, parsonage-house, and many other buildings, were driven from their foundations, and a great number of the inhabitants drowned. These inelancholy scenes, particularly in the night, were rendered still more awful by the guns firing continually signals of distress, announcing new calamities, occasioned by additional breaches in the dykes. The inundations in the years 1799 and 1809 were partial and limited compared with this. Such is the present extent of the calamity, that in the province of Guelderland alone, seventy-two villages are under water. In each of the provinces of South Holland and Utrecht, the inundation has covered more than 120,000 acres of land. The flood has risen higher, and increased more rapidly, than any remembered by the oldest inhabitants. The exertions made by the people of Holland, to administer help to the suf ferers, have only been limited by their ability. Many instances of personal intrepidity, in attempting the rescue of persons overwhelmed by the flood, have also been recorded. That of M. Langendam, the master of a large vessel, is perhaps