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might possibly be taken as Divine Judgments upon that Generation of Men, were Punishments inflicted upon all the Indivi. duals of It, and have found them, either not Universal, or not Universally Penal. The Dispersion appeared to be no Punishmert to many of the Disperted. -The Vagabond Condition assign'd by the ingenious Dedicator, as a Sentence of irremisable Infamy, If taken strictly, was the Portion of Few in Comparison, and seemed no inore infamous to 'fews, than to Christians ; And to neither of Them, by any necessary Confequence. If taken in a larger Signification, It then fell under the same Predicament with the Dispersion The Brand or Mark of Distinction vulgarly supposed to be impressed by Providence, as a Means of exposing Those, who bore it, to publick Hatred, and Contempt; vanished upon a closer Inspection. Or, if admitted to be real, was far from bringing that Disgrace upon All.
I was therefore driven to this Conclusion, that the Punishment of the Jews for rejecting the Messiah, was not, in truth, the Punishment of Particulars, as opposed to the Community, because all Particulars did not appear to be punished ; But General, and National only.' That, which I have myself vențured to assign, as their Condemnation,
is indeed. Universal, for All, without Exception, are excluded from the Holy Land, in the Sense, wherein I understand Exclui fion; but All do not feel it as a real Suffering For how is it possible to conceive, that the Thousands of Israel, born in these distant Countrys, and Ages, should so bitterly lament, and so painfully regret what they never experienced,
Éxclusion from Paradise was a true Punishment, and very dreadful Suffering to Adam. Amongst his Descendents, after several Generations, a General Memory of it would be preserved : The Loss might be still bewailed with Tears by Some, but by the Multitude would be felt only in it's Consequences ; and That too, by Such of Them only, whom the Pressure of those Consequences immediately affected. I speak of Temporal Penalties. Eating of their Bread in the Sweat of their Brow to the Men, and Pain in Childbearing to the Women, were general Sentences of Condemnation, but were not however personally felt by Every Man, nor by Every Woman of Adam's Race; but by Such only, : whom, for Reasons known to God alone, He was pleased to subject to those Sufferings. Still the Condemnation of Adam and Even, to these Things, is called the Punishment of Mankind.
One may, I think, consider the present Case, not exactly, but in several Respects, in the same-Light. · And accordingly, with regard to the Separation of Jews from Yem rufalem, Whatever Natural Calamities, What. ever Odium, and Contempt, and Persecution, you will produce, as having fallen upon Thoufands, and Ten Thousands of the Children of Israel, under that Separation : nay tho' you should shew them to be Confequents of it, and to answer specifically to the Predictions of the Prophets; I may un derstand those several Evils to be Parcels of the General Vengeance, proportion'd by Him, who alone can adjuft such Proportions, to the respective Personal Guilt of Particulars, in regard to the Rejection of Christ; and so, should be under no Diffic culty,upon Account of the Argument, in admitting them to be Part of the Sentence, and Condemnation abovemention'd, which will still remain the Same, that I have sups posed it, viz. a Sentence and Condemnation, implying, and inflicting a General, and National only, not an Universal Punishment.
These Things however are but Excrer cences of the Question in Debate,' and, Whichever way understood, will decide Nothing as to That. I defire it may be remember'd that the only Point in which i am concerned with the Dedication, is This, Whether the Sentence of God
upon the Jews, be, or be not, the Debarring the Particulars of their Nation an Entrance into the several Communities where they refide.
I will conclude the whole with a shorë Address' to the Reader of these Remarks; if they sould chance to have Any. It is to bespeak fo much of his Equity and Justice, as that Nothing, which I have written upon this Subject, may be interpreted as bearing any relation to the Question in debate, conlider'd in a Political Light. The Reasons for, or against Naturalization of Yews, which are purely Civil, such as the Expediency of the Measure with respect to Trade ; the Danger, or Indifference of it, in other Temporal Views, to the Nation; I meddle not with. The Religious Pare is the only One, in which I undertook to defend it. I did, and do wish to know the true Interpretation of the Prophecies, and in what the Execution of the Divine Sentence upon the Jews does confift, since their Expulsion from the Land of Promise. I have considered, as impartially as I am able, the Notions ada vanced by the very learned Dean, and do Aot, as yet, see any Thing to oblige me to quit my own..
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