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the Papists, or by any other Set of Cbriflans, or even Hereticks together.
Indeed it is an Opinion so ridiculous and absurd, as not to deserve a serious Consutation; and the only proper Way of arguing, with any one who should maintain it, would be to have recourse to the Method used by the witty Duke of Buckingham, with Father Fitzgerald, an Irish Priest, who was sent by King James to make a Convert of his Grace to Popery, of which, as may not be known to, and may entertain, many of our Readers, we will here give a short Abstract; hoping that suih as are acquainted therewith, will pardon so little a Digression. The Story is as follows:
The Duke being somewhat out of Order, and the King hearing of it, thought that a proper Season to work upon his Credulity 5 and accordingly sent the abovemcntid'ned Father to use his utmost Endeavours to that End. His Grace, who had been someWay apprized of the intended Visit, as also of the Motive thereto, and consequently was prepared for the Priest's Reception, no sooner was informed of his Arrival, than he gave Orders for his Introduction, with great Ceremony, which the Father . thought a'happy Omen ; and the usual Compliments being passed, he desired him, to sit down. An Enquiry into the Duke's Health followed then of course, as a proper Introduction to what was to ensue; and his Grace having owned himself pretty much indispofed, the Father,aster expressing himself greatly concerned about his suture Welfare, declared the Motive of his coming, and by whofe Order, with all which his Grace was before pre-acquainted.
However, not seeming at all displeased therewith, he pretended great Willingness to be better instructed, if he was in any Error, only desired they might- drink a Glass of Wine together pre
viou; to their entring into Conserence, wherewith the Father agreeing, a Bottle was called for, and brought: But guess the poor Father's Surprize, when, after having drank a Glass or two, the Duke, a Man of incomparable Sense, and a celebrated Wit, taking the Cork out of the Bottle, and stroking it several limes with great Gravity, asked him very seriously, how he liked that Horse?
He was confounded to the last Degree at such ,a Question ; and yet more so, when his Grace, sinding . him continue silent, repeated it again, without changing his Countenance in the least, but persisting on the contrary in stroaking the-Cork, in calling it a Horse, and launching into the most extravagant Encomiums on its Goodness and Beauty, he at last however answered, he found his Grace had a Mind to be merry, and that he had chofen arc unseasonable Time; and he would theresore come again, when his Grace was better dispofed to hear what he had to offer. ,
Merry ! cries the Duke (in a seeming Surprize) I'lllassure your Reverence, I am as serious as ever I was in my Days. Why, is not your Reverence of the fame Opinion? Do not you think it as sine a Steed as ever you faw in your Lise 1 What Fault can you sind with it f I beg your Grace wou'.d compofe yourself a little, and consider, fays the Father. Consider what, answers the Duke, what Objection have you against him? You certainly have not sufsiciently observed him. Ah! my Lord, replies the Father, do but recollect yourself, do not you see it is but a Cork i And do you not know you took it but a sew Minutes ago out of that Bottle 1
A very pretty Story indeed, fays the Duke, what, would you perswade me that this sine Courser, whom I have been so lang commending and stroak
irtg, is but a meer Cork, and that I am only under <*a DeUsioa ?. Nothing more .certain, ra:y l<prd, answers the Father. I would not be too positive of any-Thing, replies his Grace calmly; perhaps my IVness may have discompofed me more^than I am aware of, but I wish, you would convince me that I am mistaken. I fay this is a Horse, you as
• sirm it is a Cork: How do you prove it to be so? Very easily, my Lord, Is I look at it, I see it is a Cork;, if I take it in my Hand, I feel it ft a Cork; if 1 smell to it, I sind it is but aCork i and if I bite it ivith my Teeth, I am assured it is the same ; sq that 1 em every ivay convinced thereof hy the Evidence of all my Senses. 1 believe your Reverence may be in the right, fays the Duke, as just recovering from a Dream, but I am subject to Whims; let us therefore talk no more of it, but proceed to the Business
. that brought you hither.
. This was just what the Father wanted, and accordingly he began to enter upon the most controverted Points between the Papists and us i when the Duke, cutting him short, told him, what was most dissicult of Digestion with him, was their Doctrine pf Tranfubstantiationy and if he could but prove the Truth of that single Article, all. the rest wouki soon be got over. Hereupon the Priest, not doubting but he should make his Grace a Profelyte, enters upon the common Topics used by all thofe e-f his Perswasion on such Occasions, insisting above all greatly upon the Words of Consecration, This is my Body, and This is my Blood. &c To all which the .Duke replied, theie were but sigurative Expressions, and no more to be understood literally, than thnse Æthers, I am the Fine, gnd / am the Door; besides which, continues he, the Bread and Wine still remain unchanged as besore, after the Words of Consecration. No, ray Lord, cries the Father, with humble Submission, there is only the Appearance
or Form of thofe Elements, for they are actually changed into the very real Body and Blood.
Nay, fays the Duke, I will convince yon of the contrary, Father, by your own Argument; I look uttn it, and I see it is Bread; I touch it, and I feel it it Bread; and I taste it, and sind it is but Bread, mere Bread still; remember the Cork, Father, remember the Cork; which Answer silenced theFather, who found
• it was but losing Time to argue any more with his Grace upon that Head: The rest of the Conserence being nothing to our present Purpose, and much too ludicrous for a Treatise of this Nature, we shall not pursue it any farther.
To return then from whence we have digressed: -Another, and yet more unpardonable Violation cf this Commandment, is in drawing any Representations of the Divine Majesty himsetf under a visible "Form. And this is a Crime whereof the Roman Catholicks are egregioufly guilty; in whofe Churches we may frequently see Cod the Father painted in the Form of an old Man; and the Tliree Persons of the HolyTnnity represented sometimes as a Human Body, with three distinft Faces i sometimes under the Figures of an Old Man, a Lamb, and a Pidgeon. A third and grofs Breach of this Law?is when we invoke
• rhe Assistance of Saints, Angels, or any created Being; of which the Papists are Lkewise notoriously guilty; nay, so far do they carry this Enormity, in their Worship of the Virgin Mart, which they call Hyperdutia, and which is peculiarly appropri
, ated to her, that they fay ten Ave Maria's tor one Pater Hosier; thereby ascribing ten Times the Honour to the Blessed Virgin, that they do to God himself."
We should not have expatiated so much upon this Head, as no Protestant, whilst he continues such, is in Danger of committing these grofs Violations, lations ; but because we think it quite seasonable,.in order to' give every one an utter Abhorrence of Popery, especially at this Juncture, when there is an actual Rebellion in the Kingdom, in Favour of a Popish Pretender, not yet intirely quelled; and when the Emissaries of Route ire so indesatigably industrious in making Prnselytes to their wretched Religion, wherein they have been but too successsul ; well knowing, the Moment a Man embraces the one, he becomes a zealous Stickler for the Interest and Cause of the other.
Proceed we now to consider the other less flagrant (though not theresore less criminal) Transgressions of this'Divine Mandate. And these may all be comprized under the Head of Profanations of God's House, whereof we treated at sirst, in speaking ot the indecent Carriage of many who come thither; under that of Sacrilege, or purloining any Things set apart for the Service of the Altar, or even prostituting them to a profane Use; to which may be added all Abuse, Disesteem, and Carelessness of God's Word, (whereof we sear most of us are too frequently guilty ;) or even of his Ministers, who, whatever their private Failings may be, are to be reverenced on account of the Character wherewith they are vested ; and lastly, all superstitious and unlawsul Rites and Ceremonies, whereof the Papists arc egregioufly guilty; and all Superfluities, or Mutilations, as were practised amongst the Heathens. . ., . . a. ,-.'
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. Having thus enumerated the several particular Ways whereby this Law is transgressed, we (ball next consider the forcible Motives urged by the Almighty, to induce us to Obedience thereto ; and these are two-fold: The sirst Comminatory or Me-, naciog, For [the Lord thy God am a J K Alous God, that is, one who is as jealous of being robbed of his Honour, as any one can be of bis beioved