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the Papifts, or by any other Set of Chriftans, or even Hereticks together, ."
· Indeed it is an Opinion so ridiculous and abfurd, as not to deserve a serious Confutation ; and the only proper Way of arguing, with any one who Thould maintain it, would be to have recourse to the Mechod used by the witty Duke of Buckingham, with Father Fitzgerald, an Irish Priest, who was sene by King James to make a Convert of his Grace to Popery; of which, as may not be known to, and may entertain, many of our Readers, we will bere give a short Abftract; hoping that such as are acquainted therewith, will pardon so little a Digression. The Story is as follows : ,
The Duke being somewhat out of Order, and the · King hearing of it, thought that a proper Season
to work upon his Credulity į and accordingly senc the above mentioned Father to use his utmost En. deavours to that End. His G:ace, who had been some Way apprized of the intended Visit, as also of the Motive thereto, and consequently was prepared for the Priest's Recepcion, no tooner was informed of his Arrival,'than he gave Orders for his Intro. duction, with great Ceremony, which the Father thoug ít a happy Omen'; and the usual Compliments being passed, he desired him to sit down. An Enqui. ry into the Duke's Health followed then of course, as a proper Introduction to what was to ensue; and his Grace having owned himlelf pretty much indisposed, the Father, after expressing himself greatly concerned about his future Welfare, declared the Motive of his coming, and by whose Order, with all which his Grace was before pre-acquainted. ?.
However, not seeming at all displeased there. with, he pretended great Willingness to be better instructed, if he was in any Error, only desired they might drink a Glass of Wine together pre
vious to their entring into Conference, where with the Father agreeing, a Bottle was called for, and brought : But guess the poor Father's Surprize, when, after having drank a Glass or two, the Duke, ca Man of incomparable Sense, and a celebrated Wit, taking the Cork out of the Bottle, and stroking it several Times with great Gravity, asked him very seriously, how he liked that Horse ? .
He was confounded to the last Degree at such a Question ; and yet more so, when his Grace, finding him continue filent, repeated it ugain, without changing his Countenance in the leaft, but perlifting on the contrary in stroaking the-Cork, in call. ing it a Horse, and launching into the most extravagant Encomiums on its Goodness and Beauty,
he at last however answered, he found his Grace had , a Mind to be merry, and that he had chosen an · unseasonable Time, and he would therefore come · again, when his Grace was better disposed to hear : what he had to offer.
Merry ! cries the Duke (in a seeming Surprize) I'll assure your Reverence, I am as serious as everI was in my Days. Why, is not your Reverence of the same Opinion? Do not you think it as fine. a Steed as ever you saw in your Lite? What Fault can you find with it? I beg your Grace would compose yourself a little, and consider, says the Fa. ther. Consider what, answers the Duke, what Objection have you against him? You certainly have nor sufficiently observed him. Ah! my Lord, re. plies the Father, do but recollect yourself, do not you see it is but a Cork? And do you not know you took it but a few Minutes ago out of that ". Bottle ?
A very pretty Story indeed, says the Duke, what, would you perswade me that this fine Courser, · whom I have been so long commending and stroak
ing, is but a meer Cork, and that I am only under *a Delusion ? Nothing more certain, my Lord,
answers the Father. I would not be too positive of any Thing, replies his Grace calmlys perhaps my IVness may have discomposed me more than I am aware of, but I wish you would convince me that I am mistaken. I fay this is a Horse, you affirm it is a Cork: How do you prove it to be fo? . Very eaGly, my Lord, if I look at it, I see it is a Cork; if í take it in my Hand, I feel it is a Gork; if I smell to it, I find it is but a Cork; and if I bite it with my Teeth, I am, assured it is the fame ; fo that I am every way convinced thereof by the Evidence of all my Senses. I believe your Reverence may be in the right, says the Duke, as just recovering from a Dream, but I am subject to Whims; let us there
fove talk no more of it, but proceed to the Business . that brought you hither. . . .
.. This was just what the Father wanted, and ac. cordingly he began to enter upon the most contro. verted Points between the Papifts and us; when the Duke, cutting him short, told bim, what was most : difficult of Digestion with him, was their Doctrine of Tranfubftantiation, and if he could but prove the Truth of that single Article, all the rest would soon be got over. Hereupon the Priest, not doubt. ing but he Mould make his Grace á Profelyte, enters upon the common Topics used by all those of his Perswalion on such Occasions, inlifting above all greatly upon the Words of Consecration, Tbis is my Body, and This is my Blood, &c. To all which the Duke replied, these were but figurative Expressions, - and no more to be understood literally, than those others, Lam the Vine, and I am the Doar ; besides which, continues he, the Bread and Wine ftill remain unchanged as before, after the Words of Confecration.- Ño, my Lord, cries the Father, with humble Submission, chere is only the Appearance ..
bo i do."se onde ficar
or Form of those Elements for they are actually changed into the very real Body and Blood. :
Nay, says the Duke, I will convince you of the contrary, Father, by your own Argument; I look upon it, and I fee it is Bread; I touch it, and I feel it is · Bread; and I taste it, and find it is but Bread, mere Bread fill; remember the Cork, Father, remember the Cork; which Anfwer filenced the Father, who found it was but losing Time to argùe any more with his Grace upon that Head: The rest of the Conference being nothing to our present Purpose, and much too ludicrous for a Treatise of this Nature, we hall not pursue it any farther. - To return then from whence we have digressed : Another, and yet more unpardonable Violation of this Commandmenr, is in drawing any Representations of the Divine Majesty himself under a visible -Form. And this is a Crime whereof the Roman Ca. tholicks are egregiously guilty ; in whose Churches we may frequently see God the Father painted in the Form of an old Man; and the Three Persons of the Holy Trinity' represented sometimes as a Human Body, with three diftinet Faces; sometimes under the Figures of an Old Man, a Lamb, and a Pidgeon, “A -third and grofs Breach of this Law, is when we invoke the Alliftance of Saints, Angels, or any creared Be. ing; of which the Papists are likewise notoriously guiley ; nay, so far do they carry this Enormity, in their Worship of the Virgin Mary, which they call Hyperdulia, and which is peculiarly appropri. ated to her, that they say ten Ave Maria's torone : Pater Nofter; thereby ascribing ten Times the Honour to the Blessed Virgin, that they do to God himfelf. !
We should not have expatiated so much upon this Head, as no Proteftant, whilft he continues Such, is in Danger of committing these gross Vio
lations ; but because we think it quite seasonable, in order to give every one an utter Abhorrence of Por: pery, especially at this functure, when there is an actual Rebellion in the Kingdom, in Favour of a Popish Pretender, not yet intirely qnelied; and when the Emissaries of Rome are so indefatigably induftrious in making Profelytes to their wretched Religion, wherein they have been but too success. ful ; well knowing, the Moment a Man embraces the one, he becomes a zealous Stickler for the Inte. rest and Cause of the other.
Proceed we now to consider the other less flas grant (though nor therefore less criminal) Trans. greffions of this Divine Mandate: : :And these may all be comprized under the Head of Profanacions : of God's House, whereof we treated at first, in speaking of the indecent Carriage of many who come chicher; under that of Sacrilege, or purloining any Things set apart for the Service of the Altar, or even prostitucing them to a profane. Ure; to which may be added all Abuse, Difesteem, and Carelessness of God's Word, (whereof we fear most of us are too frequently guilty ;) or even of his Mio nisters, who, whatever their private Failings may bé, are to be reverenced on account of the. Charaćter wherewich they are vested ; and lastly, all supersticious and unlawful Rites and Ceremonies, whereof the Papifts are egregiously guilcy; and all Superfluities, or Mutilations, as were practised amongf the Heathens.
.Having thus enumerated the several particular Ways whereby this Law is transgressed, we shall next consider the forcible Motives urged by the Almighty, to induce us to Obedience thereto; and there are two-fold: The forft Comminatory or Menacing, For I the Lord thy God am a JKALOUS God, that is, one who is as jealous of being robbed: of his Honour, as any one can be of his beloved