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Fury beyond all Bounds, he immediately ordered his Charioteer to drive on with the utmost Speed, that he might the sooner fatiate his Vengeance, vowing to -make Jerusalem the common BuryingPlace of the whole feivish Nation, and not leave a single Inhabitant therein.

Scarce had he uttered this shocking Expression, besore this wicked Monster, whom the Judgments 'of Heaven now followed, was struck with an incurable and invisible Plague, labouring under the most exquisite Pains in the Stomach and Bowels. However, nothing amended hy this severe Reproof, neither seeing the Hand of Divine Justice in this Visitation, but suffering himself to be hurried away by the wildTransports of his Fury, and breathing nothing but Revenge against the whole Race of the Jews, he still continued to give Orders for proceeding onwards with all Expedition: But as the Horses flew along sull Speed, he was tossed by a sudden-Jolt from the Chariot, and bruised grievously all over, so that he was forced to be put into a Litter, where he suffered inexpressible Torments.

At length, so dreadsul was his Condition, that Worms bred in every Part of him, his Flesh rotting »way Piece-meal, till the Stench grew so great, that it became intollerable to his whole Army, and even at last to himself. Then, and not till then, did this impious Monster begin to come to himself, and acknowledge there was one in Heaven above him : // it ft, lays he, as was before observed, t* be fubiell unto God, and that Man, who it mortal, should not think himself at if he were Gad. It was now however somewhat of the latest ; for we are assured by the Writer of the Maccabeet, if he had at all the Gift of Inspiration, (and it was never yet decided to the contrary) that this wicked Pa/on 'vowed unto the Lord, who would now no more ham Mercy upon him,

In effect, as if be thought he could impofe upon the Almighty himself, as he had often done upon M.d, particularly upon his Nephew Ptolomy Pbikmtior^ King of Egypt, he promised to exert his utmost Liberality and Favour towards the Jttva, God's chofen People ; to inrich the Temple with most precious Gilts, in Condenfation for having moll facrilegiously plundered it; to desray, out of his own Revenues, the Sums necessary for all their Sacrisices ; and even to turn Jew himself, and travel throughout the World, to declare the mighty Power of the God of Israel.

Alas, poor Wretch! little did he know, that the Almighty not on', y faw the inmost Secrets of his Heart th n, but had expresly and minutely foretold all his Abominations, by the Mouth of the Prophet Daniel, many Years besore he or his Forefathers were born * Heaven theresore not being to be impoled on, as he had lived wickedly and impiously, he di$d miseiably and terribly, in a strange Country, in the Mountains, leaving this usesul Example to all suture Princes, not to exalt themselves above the Most High, by the Persecution of a People, which he looks upon as his own, and consequently as a most beniout Violation of the First Commandment i since it is no less than actual Rebellion, and attempting to wage War even with Goo himself.

The last Example we shall cite at the present, of the dreadsul Effects of the Bieach of this Divine ', Mandate, rtough we might swell the Catalogue with innuincable Instance*, oothlrom Ancient and Modem History, shall be that of Herod the Tetrarch: And this Example we the rather choose' besore many others, because, though this Prince imbrued his Hands in the Blood of the Apostle James, and intended to have done the fame by Peter also; n^y, though he even was so audacious, together with his Men of War, to (ct our Blessed Saviour himself

at at nought, and mock him; yet the Crime for which he was more immediately punished, and that instantaneously, directly, and signally, by the Hand of Heaven itself, to a supersicial Reader, and one who does not maturely and deliberately consider and weigh every Circumstance, will appear but very flight, and what the Generality of Papists would scarcely reckon even a venial Sin.

In effect, what Account does the Scripture give us thereof, ASs xii. ti, 22, 23?" And upon a 41 set Day, Herod, arrayed in Royal Apparel, fat "upon his Throne, and made an Oration unto «' them. And the People gave a Shout, siying it «' is the Voice of a God, and not of a Man. And «« immediately the Angel of the Lord smote him, *« because he gave not God the Glory; and he "was eaten of Worms, and gave up the Ghost."

Now, what is there in these Verses, that seems so unpardonable a Crime in Herod, as to call down the immediate Judgment of Heaven upon him? He makes a Speech, probably a very elegant one; his Courtiers highly pleased therewith (or at least pretending to be so) exaggerate the Merits thereof, as the Manner of all Courtiers is, and breaking into loud Acclamations, wherein the People join them, cry our, // is the Voice of a God, and not of a Man. Would not any one, at sirit View, imagine all the Guilt, or at least the greatest Part hereof, in this Tranfaction, was chargeable on the Multitude, and not on the King? They flatter him extrav;gantly, and deify him; he only is not displeased, and acquiesces therewith.

In effect, from all that appears in Scripture, without the Gift of Revelation, the Guilt on both. Sides seems to be pretty equal; the Pecple ascribe to him Honours, which were no nays due to him, or any created Being, and he accepts them, without E 5 .. tuhf) n-g testify'"!) his Dishke, and perhaps with an '{award Complacency. But there are many Circumstance?, which are only known to the great Searcher of Hearts, which might greatly inhance, and aggravate the Guilt of the King, and extenuate and alleviate that of the People: On one side, it might be only a high-strained Compliment, and a thoughtless Expression of their Praise; on the other, it might not only be accepted with Complacency, and swallowed down with Pleasure, but might puff up Herod so much, and might so far intoxicate him . with a Conceit of his own Merir, that he might inwardly give Way to a Belies, that he really was ioinewhat more than an ordinary Mortal.

Or, exclusive of all these Circumstances, he mighe have so far aggravated his former Guilt, which undoubtedly wa« besore very great, by his murdering the Apostle James; by his Design to do the fame by Peter; by his putting to Death the innocent Keepers, on the Escape of that Apostle; and above all by his prophane Mockery of his great Creator; he might have so far aggravated his former heinous Guilt, we fay, by this additional Ciime, thac-he thereby silled up the Measure of his Iniquity, and became the immediate Object of the Divine Vengeance. But however that be, of th;s we may be well asl'u:ed, that the' Almighty Judge of Quick and Dead, to whom the Secrets of all Hearts ate opery, and who is both insinitely just: and insinitely .mercisul, and long-suffering, faw a wjde Difserence between the Guilt of the one, and the others, or else he would equally have made them all alike Examples of his Justice. We have now , seen in the besore recited Instances of Pharaoh,Sennacherib, Nciuchaanezzar, Ho/o/ernes, Bei/bazzar, Antioebus, and Herod, the dieadiul and fjtal Consequences of violating this -si'st great Precept of the Moral Law, commonly olfed the Ten Com. mandroentf, IhouJbaU -boat hone other Godt'but mi.

w c We may likewise have'observed at the fame Time, the blessed and happy Effects of paying a due Regard thereto, in the Persons of Moses, Hexekiah, Shadrach, Me/hack, and Abidneg; Daniels Judith, Judas Maccabeus, and his Brethren ; who were under the immediate Protection of the Divine Power, and against whom all their Enemies in vain combined and conspired. We shall, theresore, leave it to the Reflection of every considerate Person, which State is rhe most eligible, to have the Almighty for our Friend, or Enemy, and which any one of commen Sense would chuse.

Of the good and bad Consequences of the Observance, or Non-Observance of the Second Commandment, ,

THE Words of this Commandment are as fallow: %liou Jbalt not make to thyself any Graven Image, nor the Likeness of any Thing that is in Heaven ahove, or in the Earth beneath, or in the Waters under the Earth. <Ihou shait not hotv doivh to them, nor tvorship them: For I the Lord thy God ant a jealous God, and -visit the Sins of the Fathers upon the Chitdren,unto tbelbird andFourth.Generation of them that hate me, andjheiv Mercy unto 'Thou- .. sands of them that love me, and keep my Commandments. Now, the Thing here expreslv forbidden, is r.either mor.e nor less t'ian the Worship of Images or Idols, that is, in other Words, Idolatry. And if, by these Expressions, no more were meant than what is ge: '-:_.' E 6 neraily

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