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garet, the Confort of Henry VI? Did not his Ra: pine and Insolence render him so universally odious, that his Head was struck off upon Dover Sands by the Captain of a Man of War, who met him accidentally as he was going over to France ? And the Fate of this Plunderer was the more remarkable, as the Caprain did this merely by his own Authority, without any other Warrant, rightly presuming he should never be called to Account for the Punishment of so detested a Criminal ! .
To come nearer to our own Times, what was the miserable End of Empfon and Dudley, those two rapacious and infamous Instruments of Oppression, under Henry VII ? And what did their Plea avail them, that ihey had done nothing but by the King's Authority, and that they had only put the Laws in Execution ? Notwithstanding this, which was really true, did they not both lose their Lives upon the Scaffold, with the universal Applause of the Nation ? And was not the purting those Horse-Leeches to Death, though they had been his Father's faithful Drudges, an Action that very much endeared Henry VIII, to his People ?
· In short, to take our Leave of these overgrown Banditti, what was the IfTue of the Insolence and Rapine of the great Duke of Buckingham, and the famous Earl of Strafford, those two successive Minis. ters and Favourites to the unfortunate Charles I. 10 whose melancholly and shocking End, their rapacious and oppressive Measures did not a little contribute? Was not the former suddenly stabbed to the Heart in the Height of his Pride and Grandeur by a resolute Enthusiast, who, acting upon the Principles of the Old Romans, thought he deserved highly of his Country for so doing? And was not the latter brought to the Block by one of his former intimate Acquaintance and Friends, who, according to his Promise, pursued him to Death, with inflexi
ble Constancy and Perseverance, upon his bafely deserting the Cause of the Public, for the Service of the Court ?
Such then, as we have now shewn, were the dreadful Consequences of violating this Commandment, in Perfons of the highest Rank, and that though protected, some of them, even by sovereign Power : We wiil next proceed, to give likewise some Instances of the fatal Effects generally atten. dant upon the Commillion of this sin, in those who have acted in a lower Sphere. And here we think the notorious Jonathan Wild will justly claim the Pre-eminence upon all Accounts; and especially as he'was generally acknowledged as their Head and Leader, during his Life, by all the numerous and formidable Fraternity of Free-booters.
This extraordinary Person, who wanted nothing but the fame Advantages of being born to a competent Fortune, and having a liberal Education, to have made as great and remarkable a Figure as another capital Plunderer, his Cotemporary, by the Dint of uncommon Subtlety, Impudence, and undaunted Resolution, foon gained so much Credit amongst his lawless Companions, that, excepting now and then a murinous Spirit, all confessed his Superiority, followed his Directions, formed them. selves into Bands and Companies according to his Advice, submitted readily to his Orders, and kept punctually to the Quarters, Pofts, and Walks, by him assigned to them respectively : In short, he had them as much, or more at Command, chan mamy Officers have their Regular Troops.
Thus far there was a frong Resemblance between him, and his Archievements, and those of another eminent Rapparee : The Propenfiry to Rapine was equal in both; the Ambition of being at the Head of their respective Parties alike in both;
and, which was yet more, both were punctually obeyed by !hem, both equally laid the Public un. der Contribution, both were equally willing and able to skreen such as observed their Orders from condign Punishment, both likewise flourished a long Time, in defiance of all Law and Justice, though their injured Country long and loudly demanded, that each might be brought to receive his. due Reward. The Parallel indeed went no farther;. the one, namely Jonathan, met with his Deserts, whilst che other,co che lasting Scandal of the Britisk Nation, lived io rior in the Spoils of she Public, and to laugh at the impotent. Attempts of his inji-red Fellow-Subjects, to make him a memorable Example co Betrayers and Planderers of cheir na. rive Land. So much lafer it is in this World, co be a Rogue in a high Station, than one of a low Condition!
The next petty Plunderer we shall bring upon the Stage, was one who flourished likewife for some Time with Impunity ; nay one, whom, even when seized, it was found very difficult to hold ; we mean the noted Jack Sheppard. This hopeful Spark. was likewise a very extraordinary Person in his Calling: He was a Man of Dexterity, Industry, and Resolution; nor did he wane for Wit and Hu-mour, though he greatly misapplied it ; witness his Answer to the Turnkey, when he was chained and Atapled down.co the Floor, after having once bro.. ken out of Nergate: Look you; young Gentleman, faid the Turnkey, the Evening before he was 10 have suffered, It is your Business to get away if you : can, and it is mine to take Care you do not: Very well, answers Sheppard, mighty calmly, then let us both mind our Bufiness; as he did accordingly, (if we miltake not), and made his Escape that very Night.
Be thar, however, as is will, it is very certain,
that all those good Qualities, which, if put to a righe Ule, might have made him a happy Man, were of no. Advantage to him, serving only to render him more hardened in Iniquity, and to make him the more a Gazing-stock to those Mula titudes who went to see him under his Confinemenr, and at his Execution : For, such is the Fatality (if we may use that Expression) attending these unfortunate Creatures, chat they seldom or never take Warning ; and accordingly poor Jack, though he made a Shife to break Prison twice, was apprehended, and so well secured the third Time.. that he finished his wretched Course at Tyburn. .
The next Instance we fall produce of the little Hope there is of a Thief escaping Punishment, even in this Life, shall be Daniel Malden; one who likewise broke twice out of Nervgate, but had not che Discretion to improve the Mercy granted him by Heaven, so far as to make his Escape effcctually, and reform his Life; though as he had betaken himself to honeft Labour for some Weeks before his being apprehended a second Time, and seemed heariily penitent at his. Execution, we would. willingly hope the best of his present State.
Another remarkable Example of the fatal Con.' sequences of violacing the Eighth Commandmen', is the notorious Mac Cray; one who, though be wanted neither for Understanding to inform him of the Danger of such Practices, and the litele Probability of escaping if he perfilted therein, nor yet for a colerable Education, to enable him to put thac Understanding to a good Use, having been bred an Attorney ; yer, like the two former, would take no Warning till it was too late, and he was thereby brought to a shameful End. He had once been tried at the Old Bailey, for robbing a reverend Clergyman, and acquitted only by the Dint of Perjury, though certainly guiltyi; the in
famous Wreathock, one of his Accomplices, having procared such a Cloud of Witnesses to invalidate ihe Force of the King's Evidence, that the Jury would not venture to condemo him, though the Fact was poliively sworn upon him : And he Alatrered himself with the Hopes of coming off a second Time by the same honeft Means, as he certainly had, if the suborning of false Witnesses could have saved him ; but he found himself miserably deceived; the Hand of Justice at laft overcook him; all his Subterfuges and Subtlety availed him nothing; for notwithstanding a desperate Attempt made by him to break out ot Goal, he ended his Life miserably at Kennington Gallows.
The last Instance we shall produce of the dread. ful Effects of such vicious Courses, and the Punish. mene thar seldom fails to attend them, is the late famous, or rather infamous, Richard Turpin. This extraordinary Person, after having long laid his Country under Conıribution ; after a long Run of Success, wherein, with good Management, he might have laid up enough, to have enabled him to rūb. fift the Remainder of his Days ; having, at last, by his repeated Robberies, made the Country where his usual Haunts were, too hot to hold him, several Persons, on account of the great Reward offered for apprehending him, being out Day and Night in pursuit of him, was forced to hetake himself to Flight, and concealing his real Name under the fictitious one of John Palmer, to lie lurking up and down in Yorkshire.
Now, had he not been infatuared, had he put his ungodly Gain to a good Use, as he might have faved a Comperency for his Subsistence for the Remainder of his Life, he had there abundant Opportunity of making his Escape beyond Sea, and might have ended his Days in a peaceful Obscuriry, in some foreigo Country; nay, even as it was,