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garet, the Consort of Henty VI? Did not his Rapine and Insolence render him so univerfally odiou?. that his Head was struck off upon Dover Sands by the Captain of a Man of War, who met him accidentally as he was going over toFrauce? And the Fate of this Plunderer was the more remarkable, as the Captain did this merely by his own Authority, without any other Warrant, rightly presuming he should never be called to Account for the Punishment of so detested a Criminal!
To come nearer to our own Times, what was the miserable End of Empfin and Dudley, thofe two rapacious and infamous Instruments of Oppression, under Henry VII? And what did their Plea avail them, that they had done nothing but by the King's Authority, and that they had only put the L»ws in Execution? Notwithstanding this, which was really true, did they not both lofe their Lives upon the Scaffold, with the univerfal Applause of the Nation 1 And was not the purting thofe Horse-Leeches to Death, though they had been his Father's faithsul Drudges, an Action that very much endeared Henry VIII to his People?
In short, to take our Leave of these overgrown Banditti, what was the Issue of the Insolence and Rapine of the great Duke of Buckingham, and the famous Earl of Strafford, thofe two successive Ministers and Favourites to the unfortunate Charles I. to whofe melancholly and shocking End, their rapacious and oppressive Measures did not a little contribute? Was not the former suddenly stabbed to the Heart in the Height of his Pride and Grandeur by a resolute Enthusiast, who, acting upon the Principles of the Old Romans, thought he deserved highly cf his Country'for so doing? And was not the latter brought to the Block by one of his former intimate Acquaintance and Friends, who, according to his Promise, pursued him to Death, with inflexible ble Constancy and Perseverance, upon his basely deserting the Cause of the Public, for the Service of the Court?
Such then, as we have now shewn, were the dreadsul Consequences of violating this Commandment, in Persons of the highest Rank, and that though protected, some of them, even by sovereign Power: We will next proceed, to give likewise some Instances of the fatal Efsects generally attendant upon the Commission of this Sin, in thofe who have acted in a lower Sphere. And here we think the notorious Jonathan Wild will justly claim the Pre-eminence upon ail Accounts; and especially as he^was generally acknowledged as their Head and Leader, during his Lise, by all the numerous and formidable Fraternity of Free-booters.
This extraordinary Person, who wanted nothing but the fame Advantages of being born to a competent Fortune, and having a liberal Education, to have made as great and remarkable a Figure as another capital Plunderer, his Cotemporary, by the Dint of uncommon Subtlety, Impudence, and undaunted Resolution, soon gained so much Credit amongst his lawless Companions, that, excepting now and then a mutinous Spirit, all consessed his Superiority, followed his Directions,formed themselves into Bands and Companies according to bis Advice, submitted readily to his Orders, and kept punctually to the Quarters, Posts, and Walks, by him assigned to them respectively: In shorr, he had them as much, or more at Command, than many Officers haive their Regulas Troops.
Thus far there was a strong Resemblance between him, and his Atchievements, and those of another eminent Rapparee : The Propensity to Rapine wa; equal in both; the Ambition of being at the Head of their respective Parties alike in both;
and and, which was yet more, both were> punctually obeyed by 'hem, both equally laid the Public under Contribution, both were equally willing and able to skreen such as observed their Orders from condign Punishment, both likewise ftourished a long Time, in desiance of all Law and Justice, though their injured Country long and loudly demanded, thateiicn might be brought to receive hisdue Reward. The Parallel indeed wentno farther; the one, namely Jonathan, met with his Deserts,, whitst the other, to the lusting Scandal of the British Nation, lived to riot in the Spoils of the Public, and to laugh at the impotent Attempts of. his injured Fellow-Subjects, to make him a memorable Example to Bnrayers and Plunderers of their native Land. So much laser it is in this World, to be a Rogue in a high Station, than one of a low, Condition!
The next petty Plunderer we shall bring upon the Stage, was one who flourished likewise for some Time with Impunity; nay one, whom, even when seized, it was found very dissicult to hold; wemean the noted Jack Sheppard. This hopesul Spark was likewise a very extraordinary Person in his-. Calling: He was a Man of Dexterity, Industry, and Resolution; nor did he want for Wit and Humour, though he greatly mifapplied.it ; witness his Answer to the Turnkey, when he was chained and stapled down to the floor, after having once broken out of Newgate: Look you, y,ung Gentleman, faid the Turnkey, the Evening besore he was to have sufseied, It is your Business to get away if you' can, and it it mine to take Care you do not. Very ivetl, answers Sheppard, mighty calmly, then let ut hoth mind our Business y as he did accordingly, (if we mistake not), and. made his Escape that very Night.
Be thar, however^ as it will, it is very certain,
that all thofe good Qualities, which, if put to a right Use, might have made him a happy Man, ,were of no Advantage, to him, serving only to render him more hardened in Iniquity, and to make him the more a Gazing-stock to thnse Multitudes who went to see him under his Consinement, and at his Execution: For, such is the Fatality (if we may use that Expression) attending these unfortunate Creatures, that they seldom or never take Warning; and accordingiy poor Jackt though he made a Shift to break Prison twice, was apprehended, and so well secured the third Time,, that he sinished-his wretched Course at Tyburn.
Thenext Instance we shall produce of the little Hope there is of a Thies escaping Punishment, even in this Lise, shall be Daniel Maiden; one who likewise broke twice out of Newgate, but had not the Discretion to improve the Mercy granted him by Heaven, so far as to make his Escape effectually, and resorm his Lise; though as he had betaken himself to honest Labour for some Weeks besore his being apprehended a second Time, and seemed heartily penitent at his Execution, we would» willingly hope the best of his present State.
Another remarkable Example of the fatal Con-' sequences of violating the Eighth Commandment is the notorious Mac Cray; one who, though he wanted neither for Understanding to inform him of the Danger of such Practices, and the little Probability of escaping if he persisted therein, nor ye,t for a tolerable Education, to enable him to .put that Understanding to a good Use, having been bred an Attorney ; yer, like'the two former, •would take no Warning till it was too late, and he was thereby brought to a shamesul End. He had once been tried at the Old Bailey, for robbing a reverend Clergyman, and acquitted only by the Dint of Perjury, though certainly guiltyj; the infamous
famous iPreathock) one of his Accomplices, having procured such a Cloud of Witnesses to invalidate the Force of the King's Evidence, that tne Jury would not venture to condemn him, though the Fact was positively sworn upon him: And he flattered himself with the Hopes of coming off a second Time by the fame honest Means, as he certainly had, if the suborning of false Witnesses could have faved him; but he found himself miserably deceived; the Hand of Justice at last overtook him; al] his Subtersuges and Subtlety availed him nothing; for notwithstanding a desperate Aitempt made by him to break out of Goal, he ended his Lise miserably at Kennington Gallows.
The last Instance we shall produce of the dreadful Effects of such vicious Courses, and the Punishment that seldom fails to attend them, is the late famous, or rather infamous, Richard Turpin. This extraordinary Person, after having long laid his Country under Contribution; aster a long Run of Success, wherein, with good Management, he might have laid up enough, to have enabled him to subsist the Remainder of his Days; having, at last, by' his repeated Robberies, made the Country where his usual Haunts were, too hot to hold him, several Persons, on account of the great Reward offered - for apprehending him, being out Day and Night in pursuit of him, was forced to betake himself to Flight, and concealing his real Name under the sictitious one of John Palmer, to lie lurking up and down in Yorkshire.
Now, had he not been infatuated, had he put his ungodly Gain to a good Use, as, he.might have faved a Competency for hi» Subsistence for the Remainder of his Lise, he had there abundant Opportunity of making his Escape beyond Sea, and might have ended his Days in a peacesul Obscurity, in some foreign Country; nay, even as it was,