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and repented even of that s and this, at the very Time when Saul was come out exprefly in Pursuit of him, with three Thoufand chnsen Men, sully determined to shew him no Mercy.
Now this was aster Saul had twice thrown his Javelin at him to flay him; aster he had given him his Daughter for a Snare; after he had sent Messengers to Icize htm in his Bed; after he had barbarously murdered all the Priests for only supplying him with Bread and a Sword ; in short, aster he had sought his Death all manner of Ways. It is evident therefore hereby, that if any Provocations could be a sussicient Justisication of our revenging ourselves on our Adverfaries, David would have been warranted in so doing upon Saul; but we sind him so far from this, that his Heart smote him, and he was stung with Remorse for only cutting oft the Skirt of his Robe, when he had him absolutely in his Power.
What then must we think of those Men, who will not on!y make no Scruple of raking the most severe Revenge for every slight Affront, bit being guilty of the greatest Injustice, Treachery, and Villainy ; and instead ot acknowledging their Ofsence, and making all the Reparation in their Power, if reproved f°r n. w'"' maintain their former Wickedness by the additional Aggravation of murdering the Reprover? Must not such Persons, however they escape Chastisement here, expect the most dreadsul Punishment hereaster? Certainly they must; and yet most of the Duels that are fought, are on some such Account ; and many a Man, whofe Wise has beer whored by the insidious Arts of a treacherous Ft iend, has asrerwards had the additional Sat. faction of having hisThroat cut by the fame, in Joitisication of that enormous Persidy and Wickedneis. Many a"one who has
been been tricked out] of an Estate at Cards and Dice, has been afterwards decently run through the Lungs by the Person who has done it, on expressing his Suspicion of foul Play. Such is the Force of Fashion! Such is the hopesul Effect of the Establishment of a most pernicious and diabolical Custom, in desiance of all the Dictates of common Sense, Right Reason, Equity, and Religion \
But, when the fame senseless Practice (which daily expnses the Lives of Men of Family and Fortune to the Attacks of every Upstart, or Pickpocket, who can surnish himself with a genteel Habit and a Sw«rd) prevailed formerly vnFrancc, whereby the Community was frequently deprived of the Services of its most valuable Member?, by the Hands of the most worthless, Lewis XIV. who, though our inveterate Enemy, must be allowed to have been a great and a wise Prince, resolved at once to put an End thereto; and accordingly he bound himself by a most solemn Vow, made at the Sacrament, never to pardon any one of what Rank soever, who was guilty of righting a Duel; and this Vow, which he kept inviolably to his dying Day, proved an effectual Remedy for so great an Evil, and faved the Lives of some Hundreds of his bravest Subjects.
We are very fond of apeing the French in Things ridiculous, and it would be well if we followed them also in such as ate laudable; in short, as we prosess a purer Religion than they, it were to be wished, the Wisdom of the Nation would provide some effectual Cure, for so abominable a Practice, which tends not only to the Destruction of the Lives, but of the Souls also of our Countrymen: It being scarcely to be imagined, that any one who is ki l.d in a Duel, leaves the World with thst Compofure of Spirit, and univerfal Charity, which is absolutely necesfary at the Hour of Death for all thofe, who, being in their Senses, are desirous of
securing their everlasting Peace*; r.al, a* they die in the actual Breach of the SiJtfK Commandment,' being at least intentionally, if nor" actually Murderers, there is room for the most melanchoUy and strongest Presumption of their eternal Miscarriage.
Leaving this Point however to that great Day when all Secrets will be laid open, we will go on to produce some Instances of the fatal Consequences of transgressing this Law ; and of this we think we cannot have a more remarkable Eximpte than that of David. We have already seen how very scrupulous that good Man was upon this Head with respect to Saul; and yet we sind him afterwards so much off his Guard; that having been betrayed into Adultery with Bath/heba, in order to conceal one Crime by another, he is guilty of the barbarous and premeditated Murder of the innocent Uriah. *. . :.» i! 1 '.. .> it -, '.:-•
But what was the Issue of ftch enormous Wickedness \ Did he escape Punishment I Far from it; though the Lord, who faw the Sincerity of his Repentance was pleased so far to pardon him, as not to require his Lise, yet did he visit, him with such heavy Judgments, as, to a good Man, were worse than Death itself. First, his eldest Son Amnon lusts after his Siller Tamar, and raviftieth her ; for which her Brother Absalom murders him two Years afterwards in cold Blood. Scarcely hath David overcome this Affliction, and restored Absalom to Favour, when this unnatural Parricide; who was his Favourite, rebels against his Father, lies openly With his Concubines, in the Sight of all Israel, aud being deseated in Battle, is slain by Joab, contrary to the express Command of David, who doated on him: And tho" he did not live to see the Death of Adonijab, another of his Sons, whom also he tenderly loved, yet as he knew of his treading in the Steps of Absalom,and setting himself up for King, whereas the Lo Rd had designed the Crown for Solomon, mon, he had all the Reason in the World to apprehend that he likewise would die a violent Death. And now would not all these Afflictions, one upon the Heels of another, be more grievous to an in-dulgent Parent as Da-vid was, than even Death itself? Certainly they would ,- and yet such, we see,' were the heavy Inflictions of God upon that excellent Man for the Breach of this Law, though we aretold of hini, that he was without Fault, except in the Matter of Uriah.
But we have no need to go so far for Examples of the fatal Effects of violating this Commandment; since our own Country, and our own Times, will surnish us but with too many, and fliew us how much in vain they flatter themselves, who hope to escape Punishment for so crying a Sin, though they have no other Witnesses thereto, than the All-seeing Eye os Heaven; and of this the notorious Catherine Hayest was » most ihocking and remarkable Instance.
This barbarou* Woman, though blessed with agood Husband, who did not suffer her to want for any thing reasonable, was rot fatissied therewith, because she had not all at her Dispofal to spend upon her Lusty, resolved deliberately to send him out of the World, that she might then be at full Liberty to indulge herself without Restraint with her wicked Paramours and Accomplices Billings and Wood. In order hereto, as if her Revenge would not have been com pleat, unless she destroyed his Soul as well as his Body, it was agreed between them sirst to make him drunk, and then knock out his Brains while sleeping. .,
Accordingly they did so, having provoked the poor Man, by laying a Wager, to swallow more Liquor than usual, so that he was quite stupisied, without any Remorse they dispatched him, unthinking
of any Harm, and unapprehensive of any Danger, in that wretched Condition. This done, in order to prevent a Discovery, thofe hardened Profligates separate the Head from the liseless Carcase, and mangle the Face in such a Manner, that it was next to an Impossibility it should be known ; not only so, but they cut off the Legs, Amu, and Thighs, in order to their being more easily conveyed away, and watching their Opportunity, carry off the Limbs and Trunk unperceived, under Cover of the Night, to a Pond at some Distance from their Lodging, and . putting the Head into a Pail, lug it as far as the Wool-staple, and there throw it into the Thames from the Side of a Lighter, never more to rise in Judgment against them, as they vainly imagined.
They now suppofed themselves secure from being detected in theirWickedness.but how grievously were they mistaken! First, the Head is brought to Light, and though hacked and dissigured to such a Degree, as scarce to have any Part free from Cuts, aster being exposed for some Time to the public View upon a Pole in St. Margaret's Churchyard, ii suspected by one of Mr. Hayes's Acquaintance to be that unfortunate Man's. Soon aster the Limbs and Body are found also, though at a quite contrary Part of the Town, and proved to belong to th« fame Corpse. The Woman and her Accomplices are hereupon apprehended, and she pretending he had set out early in the Morning for the Country, where he had a small Estate, to collect: his Rents, Enquiry is there made aster him, but no News of him to be heard :. The People of the House likewise, where she lodged, recollected that the Night besore the Head was discovered, they had heard People in Hayes's Room all Night, that they had gone several Times up and down Stairs, and opened and shut the Street Door; add to this, that the Man had never been seen, either in Town or Country, since the Morning she said he bad lest her. All