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Commandment, far from it : A Dog, or a Horse will pay as much Regard as this, nay, somewhat more ; for from each of these Creatures may we Jearn Lessons of Obedience, and Fidelity; nay, some of those generous Animals have so far figna. lized themselves for those two Virtues, and have set Mankind such inftructive Lessons, that it would be well if many, who call themselves -Cbrifians, would copy after them therein.
To instance only one or two of each of them : What could surpals the Tendernets and Fidelity of that gallane Cou. fer, who, having brought the Prince his Matter sate from the Field of Battle, and from the Pursuit of a victorious Enemy, drope down quite spent with the Fatigue, the Moment he dismounted, seeming to expire well pleased that he had given his own Life, for the Preservation of his Priocely Burchen ? Might not many a nominal Chrisian learn a useful Lesson from the Behaviour : of this valuable Beast? And did he not well des · serve the Statue erected to his Honour ? Again, what could exceed the Affection and Faithfulness of that generous Hound, who could never be prevailed on to stir from the Grave of his deceased Mafter, but refusing all Food and Sustenance, continued mourning over his Remains, cill he pined away, and died with meer Hunger. And numerous are the Examples of Dogs, who have been in. ftrumental, in revenging the Death of their Ma. fers upon their Murderers ; thereby signalizing their Gratitude and Fidelity to them in the moft remarkable Manner.
Since, therefore, even Brute Beasts have given Such Shining Proofs of their honouring their Mafters co so great a Deg:ce, we may be well assured, che Honour required of u, by this Commandment, to our Parents and Superiors, must not fall sort of that, whereof even thi fe Animals are capable: In
effect, the Duty we all ove in our refpective Stationss in confeque ce of this Law, is more extensive than is generally imagined; for which Reason it may not be amils, to enter into a short Detail chereot.
And first, with respect to Children : The Hcnour required of them to their Parents, is a strict Obedience to all their lawful Commands ; that is, all such as neicher interfere with the Laws of God, nor those of the Land; for should their lojunctions clash with either of these, they are no ways bound to obey them : But this is not all; they are also bound unfeignedly to love and reverence them, and eyen to relieve and support them, in case they stand in need of their Assistance : But then again, there is a reciprocal Duty implied and exacted under the same Commandment, from Parents towards their Children, namely, that they should not lay any un. reasonable or illegal Commands upon them, but Mould love them affectionately, and provide, according to their Sration and Circumstances, for their Maintenance and Educariou; and above all, that they should set them good Examples, encousaging them when they do well, and giving them due Correction whenever they offend.
Secondly, The Dary required of Subjects to thels Sovereigns, and those in Aurhority under them, is, an absolute Obedience to all their Laws, when chey do not run counter to those of the Almighty, neither openly offending against them, or endeavouring to eyade them by any artful or unlawful Subrerfuges, as is but too often the Case with many People : But then, on the other hand, there is a Duty reciprocally required of Princes to their Subjects ; namely, to afford them due Protection, and provide for their Well-being and Safety, neither invading or incroaching upon their Liberties, nor opprefling them themselves, or suffering those under them to do it with Impunity; above all, in seeing that fuftice is
duly duly adminiftered, without refpe&t of Persons, not, making the Throne a Sanctuary for Wickedness, nor through a criminal Partiality, allowing great Offenders to escape, whilft she lefler are punished with the utmost Rigour.
In the like Manner, the Daty required from all Persons in general, to their spirirual Teachers and Guides, is Reverence and Affection ; paying a ftria Regard to their Advice and Doctrine, whilst they have no Reason to believe them repugnant to the Rules of their great Malter, not ridiculing them, nor grudging them a competent Subsistence, and above all, noc defrauding them of their juft Dues. On the other hand, such spirirual Teachers and Guides are equally bound to a reciprocal Regard. and Affection for all those under their Care, being always ready to attend and advise them whenever it is necessary, keeping a watchful Eye over chem, that they walk as becometh Christians; and if they see them .do otherwise, admonishing them first privately,' with Love and Tenderness; afrerwards, if need be, before Witnesses ; and, laftly, rebuking them publickly, if obfinale, and even proceeding to censure, in case of Neceflity, , without respect of Perfons, in order to reclaim , them, and bring them back into the right Way :: Above all, not being uncharitable, worldly-minded, greedy of filthy Lucre, or exacting their Dues with Rigour.
Again, the Duty of all Scholars and Students to their Preceptors and Tutors, is to be attentive, to , all their Precepts and Lessons, obedient to their Injunctions, respectul and affectionate to their Persons, and submillive to their Corrections, In, the like Manner, such Preceptors and Tutors are bound to be careful and sender of their Scholars, and Pupils, inftructing them diligently, encoura, , ging them reasonably, admonishing and reproving
them mildly, and if need be, 'chaftising them mer fully. ',,
The Duty also of Apprentices, or Servants, to their Masters and Mistresses is Obedience to their Commands, Diligence in their Business, Faithfulnefs to their Trust, Carefulness of their Effects and Concerns, and secret as to what relates to them or their Families. Masters and Mistresses again, are required to be loving and tender to their Appren. tices and Servants, providing lufficiently for them, paying them comperent Wages, not injoining them unreasonable Tasks, reproving them mildly, cor.' recting them, it need be, mercifully, and giving them good Examples.
* In the like Manner, the Duty of those who are young, to such as are advanced in Years, is to thew chem Reverence and Resped, giving them the upper Hand, and hearkening to their Counsel, especially in such Things as they may rea?onably be prefumed to be better experienced in than Yi uth, The Aged are also to take Care, that their Habit, Behaviour, and Deportment be such, as is likely to procure Regard, namely, that they are grave in their Dress, serious in their Conversation, Yober in Behaviour, neither haughty and overbearing, 'nor light and crifing; but courteous, affable, and pla. cid, observing a due Mean, being temperate in all Things, and instructive in Example..
Lastly, The Duty required from all Inferiors to their Superiors in Learning, Wisdom, or Goodness, is to pay them Deterence and Regard, and to hcarken to their Counsel or Inftructions: To Su-.periors in Rank or Ellate, they are to thew Honour and Respect. On the oiher hand, the former are required to instruct the Igworant, being always ready to advise them, and to bear with the Infir. micies of the Weak, whilft the latter are required
to be condescending to those of a meaner Rank, and to be helpful, obliging, and compassionate towards the Poor, being willing to contribute towards the Relief of their Necessities, out of their own Substance, and that according to their Ability.
We have now, we hope, pretty well shewn the Duties severally required from each of us, in our respective Stacions and Capacities ; we Mall next proceed to produce some remarkable Examples of che good and bad Consequences of Obedience and Disobedience to this Commandment, in order to impress more deeply on the Minds of our Readers, a due Regard for those several relative Duties, that are therein required of them: And first we shall endeavour to thew the good and ill Effects of these, with respect to Parents and Children, in their Dić charge, or Neglect of the reciprocal Obligacions incumbent upon them in those several Capacicies. As to the Blessings attendant upon those Children, who are careful to honour their Parents by thew. ing a due Regard to their Injunctions, we cannot have one fo signal, nor the Authenticity whereof so much to be depended on, as thar we meet with in the thirty-fifth Chapter of Jeremiah.
We there find the Prophet commanded to bring the Family of the Rechabites into one of the Chambers belonging to the Temple, to set Wine before them, and order them to drink it : Accordingly Jeremiah does so; he carries them into one of those Apartments, lets Wine and Cups before them, and says unto them, Drink pe Wine. But what is the Answer of the Rechabites? We will drink no Wine ; for Jonadab the Son of Rechab, our Father, commanded us, saying, Ye salt drink no Wine, neither ye, nor your Sons for ever. Neither fall ye build House, nor fow Seed, nor plant Vineyard, nor have any, but all your Days ye mall live in Tents, that ye may live many Days in the Land where ye be Stran