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to this generous Resolution, that, whatever might be the Consequence to themselves, they would never "quietly see their Prince persist in a Conduct, which must reflect Dishonour upon himself and the Nation, and was diametrically contrary to the Maxims and Policy of their Empire.
This being sinally determined, it was then concluded, to decide by Lot, what Members should go teext, and wait upon the Tyrant; accordingly every Man readily went, as it came to his Turn, did his Duty, and underwent the Penalty. In short, Numbers of them went, and bravely sufsered Death; but, at last, the favage Obstinacy of the Tyrant was over, come: It is more than probable, he began, though somewhat of the latest, to reflect, that is he went on thus, Day by Day, to exterminate that venerable Body, who were respected and loved throughout the Empire, his Reign would become univerfally odious; and the People would rise, as one Man, to extirpate him and his.
However that "be, he thought sit, hereupon, to resorm his Conduct, and even to erect most magnisicent Monuments, at a vast Expence, over the Graves of thofe glorious Patriots, whom he had so inhumanly butchered : But, though he thereby paid the due Honours to their Memory, all the Power whereof he was possessed, could not restore to Lise, thofe faithful and heroic Subjects, who had given so undoubted a Proof, how little they valued their Interests, or even their Lives, when put in Competition with their Honour, and the Good of their Country. As little Could this poor Compensation wash out the indelible 9tain, his more than favage Cruelty, to these Martyrs for the Cause of Virtue, entailed upon his own Memory.
Begging Pardon for this Digression.which, nevertheless, is not without it's Use, and moral Instruction, for thofe whom it most concerns; and the like to which, we shall sometimes designedly make, merely to enliven our Subject; which consisting wholly of religious and moral Reflections, would otherwise, we are asraid, appear insipid and tedious, to the Generality of our Readers; we shall now resume the Thread of our Discourse. In this little Book, then, such Hindi as these will be made to know, there is One above them, who is able to punilh them yet worse, than they can, the most hated of their wretched Subjects. In this little Treatise, thofe worst ofSaTages, who make Millions miserable, whom by all the Ties of Duty, and Gratitude, they ought to study to render happy, for the poor Satisfaction of extending their Dominions, will see, in the Example of Alexandtr, what are the melancholy and fatal Consequences, of so inhuman a Procedure; as the Fury of Spain may learn, from the Fate of her Sister Stmiramis, what she may reasonably expect, for having so long triumphed, in being the common Incendiary of Christendom. In short, in these Sheets, thofe haughty Spirits, who expect their Whims and Fancies to be complied with, as a Law, though never so unreasonable, or, contrary to the divine Will;. and thereby plainly shew themselves Violators of the First Command, (since they are so far from worshipping the true God alone, that they make all their reigning Passions their Gods, for the Time present,) will see the deplorable Issue of so senseless, impious, and unwarrantable a Behaviour.
TJnder this Head win likewise, justly, be comprehended, all the inordinate Lovers, and Pursuers, of Pleasure, Honour, Riches, and Power; and they Will, accordingly, sind amply display'd, in this Treatise, all the miserable Effects and Consequences of such their Pursuits. :Neither is this any more than
Justice, Justice; for, can any one deny, that Mark Anthony, who for the Sake of Cleopatra, that is, of a base Jilr, and Strumpet, facrisiced his Country, Wise, Children, Honour, every Thing, nay, even bis own Lise; made her his God, snd became thereby, visibly, a Transgressor of the First Commandment. In his fatal Catastrophe, theresore, the Sensualist may evidently see, the End of such a Conduct, and Violation of the divine Law.
Again, Can anyone doubt, that the v.icked Haman, who, though possessed of the highest Honours under Abasuei us, could not rest fatissied, nor contented therewith, as long as the single Mordecai resused to bow and reverence him; and whofe Wrath was so implacable, on so slight a Provocation, that, not thinking his Death alone a sussicient Atonement, he could not Be appeased, till he had contrived to extirpate the whole Race of the Jeiua? Can any one, we fay, doubi, whether this impious Wretch, in these Instances, was guilty, or not, of the Breach of the Fiist Command? Did he not, thereby, plainly, pay more Regard to his offended Pride, and Revenge, than to God ? And is not this, evidently, aViolation of that Law? From this Examp'e, then, every such Criminal may learn the fatal Consequences of that Sin.
In the like Manner, every Miser, who sordidly worships his Bags, regardless of any other Thing, either in Earth or Heaven, will sind in this Treatise, that he thereby not only incurs the Guilt of Thest, and frequently cf Murder, but also of infringing this Law; jo that by one and the fame shamesul Vice, he at once is guilty of the Breach of the First, Sixth, and Eighth Commandments: He will likewise see therein, the dismai Consequences and Punishment of that groveling Sin; happy, if he thereby takes Warning, and renounces it for the suture. Neither
i* is the aspiring after more Power than is lawsul, that inordinate Desire, which is in a Manner interwoven, more or less, into the Constitution of most Men, less heinous in the Sight of Heaven, than any of the Sins besore mentioned, being equally a Transgression of the fame First Commandment; as all may be convinced, by the wosul End of Marius, Syila, Pompey, Julias Cæsar, Mark Anthony, Crassus, and divers others: But, what need we go so far, for Examples, how odious this Vice is in God's Eye; when our own History will so amply surnish us with them, since the Resormation; and especially, in the mournsul Catastrophes of most of the Princes, of the unsortunatt House of Stuart?
To pass on, from the Breach of the First, to that of the Second Commandment, though, perhaps, very sew of our Countrymen, the Roman Catholicks* excepted, may be guilty of the Violation thereof; yet, it will be far from needless, for us to expatiate a little thereon, as the best Preservative against the artsul Delusions of the Papists, who are Transgressors of it to a Man; and that, in as grofs a Manner, as ever the Jews were of old: This will be the more needful, as the Emissaries of Rome, are the most indesatigable People under the Sun, in endeavouring to giin over Profelytes, to their false Religion; and we are credibly informed, to our Shame be it spoken, with no small Success.
In this little Treatise, then, all they, who are any wise wavering in their Minds, and inclining that Way, may see, as it were, at one Glance, how severely that antient Nation, whom God honoured with the Title, oFflis own peculiar People, smarted for their Impiety in this Point; they will sind him verily to have been a jealous God, as he calls himse'f; and that he continually watch'd over them, for Evil, and not for Good; until, by their hearty Repentance, pentance, and Amendment, they were reconciled to him; and, as he is unchangeable, as well as atmigbty; as he is the fame Yesterday, To-day, and for ever; let them consider seriously, before they embrace that Religion, whether he is likely to wink at that Sin, in them, which drew down such heavy Judgments upon his own People: And, if this Consideration will not prevail on them, to continue stedsast in rhe Religion, wherein they were educated, they are to be given over as absolutely incorrigible.
Togo on to the Third Commandment, for the continual Breach of which, the British Nation are fo insamously noted; in this little Treatise, all they, who are given thereto, and are not altogether hardened in Iniquity, will see the dreadful Judgments, that, in all Ages, have fallen upon those, who have been greatly addicted to it; and, if this will not wean them from a Vice, which is, of all others, moft inexcufable, as no Temptation can be pleaded in Mitigation of it, they must be strangely besotted to it indeed.
To proceed from hence to the Fourth, which re the last Precept, of the sirst Table, and which is now, almost as openly, and commonly broken, and with as little Shame or Remorse, as the Third; in this little Treatise, all those Prophaners of the Lord's Day, now set a-part, by Christians, to be observed, instead of the antient Sabbath, will see the satal Consequences, of such an impious Course of Lise; and, when they sind, not only that they cannot reasonably expect any Blessing, as long as they persist therein ; but, that it is the constant Inlet to all other Vices, as too many Hundreds 'Save grievously lamented at the Gallows, it is to be hoped, it will work a Resormation in them ; for, if it does not, it is much to be seared, that Nothing will.