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p'eat all, the Loss of Belgrade, and a great Part of Hungary, followed close upon his violaring the Treaty of Pasarowitz, which himself had formerly conchided, and greatly to his own Honour and Ads vantage.
Nor was this the worst, for this considerable Loss of his Dominions was followed with the Loss of his Quiet; he never held up his Head again; but after Jingering out about a Year in Sorrow and Discon. tent, departed this Life, with this Atinging Mortifi. cation, ibat he had survived his Glory and Profperity by some Years, and left the Affairs of his fa. mily unserled, and in a very precarious Coedition,
But Charles VI. is not the only Prince whom we have seen grievously disappointed in his ambitious Views, when luch Princes have undertaken to compass their Designs in defiance of, and without any regard to, the most folemn Treaties, though concluded by themselves. For, not to mention the late Lewis XIV. who was a remarkable Example of this; fince, notwithstanding his having treacherously settled his Grandson, contrary to an express Treaty, made by himself but a little before, upon the Throne of Spain, he not only lived to see that young Prince, but likewise himself, in the utmost Danger of being driven from thence, which no. thing bur the Divisions of Great Britain, and the Corruprion of the English Minitry, could have then prevented.
Not to mention then that Monarch, we say, is nor the present State of the Spanish Armies in Italy, and the aftonishing Turn that Affairs have lately taken in that Country, a most evident and manifest Proof, that Heaven itself interposes in Behalf of his Sardinian Majesty, and the Tuscan Dominions, co render the unwarrancable Designs of the Queen of Spain abortive ?
In effet, if she believed any thing of the Exift. ence of a Deity, and of his Superintendence over Human Affairs, how could she expect otherwise ? How could the expect, that after having made use of the King of Sardinia, as an Instrument to strip the late Emperor of the two Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily, the should now be suffered to deprive him of those very Dominions that were conferred upon him by Treary, in Consideration of the Ar. fistance he then lent her? Or how could it be espected, that either The, or France, should be al., lowed to strip the Emperor of the Dukedom of Tuscany, folemnly yielded to him by Treaty, in exchange for the Dutchy of Lorrain, his hereditary Dominions ?
How muft this unexpected and unforeseen Disapppointment gall that haughty Parmesan, thar Fea male Fury, whom Providence seems to have lec loose in his Wrath, to be the Scourge of all Eva rope? But let her receive this mild Chastisement with Humility and Patience; let her at last be satisfied with that Deluge of Blood she has caused to be shed, to grarify her inordinate Ambition and Luft of Power; let the Millions of Lives the has already sacrificed suffice, and let her no longer perfift in her nefarious and unwarrantable Schemes, left the should meet with a yet more severe Visie tarion, and left certain Powers, opening their Eyes at last to their true Interest, her Favourite Don Carlos should be tumbled from the Throne by as sudden a Revolution as that which placed him there.
Nor is the present Empress, though otherwise a Princess endued with many and exalted Virtues, altogether free from Blame in this respect. The first Attacks indeed of her Enemies were attended with such Success, and carried on with such Fury, that it is no Wonder Nature Tould prompe her H6
when Fortune turned on her Side, to mike fome Reprizals ; but then she ought co have considered impartially, that neither the Prerensions of the Elector of Bavaria, nor yet those of the King of Prusia, were absolutely without Grounds; and thit, on the contrary, though they might be very disagreeable to her, they were very specious.
She ought likewise to have remembered, that his Pruffian Majesty in particular, had not proceeded to Extremities, till he had made a formal Demand of what he conceived to be his undoubred Right, and had even offered her a considerable Equivalent for that ; nay, that he had waited patiently not only till his Proposals were rejected with Scoro, bue till her Imperial Majesty, having been ill advised by those who thought to find their own Account in fishing in troubled Waters, was preparing to repel Force by Force, and a Demand had been made of a Body of Muscovites, who by finding the Prusa fians full Employment at Home, were to have prevented their Irruption into Sileßa.
Thar Princess, we say, ought impartially to bave considered all these Things; and that, therefore, her entering into a Confederacy with the King of Poland, to parcel out his Pruffian Majesty's hereditary Dominions, in Violation of many folemn Treaties, could never be justified by thar Prince's Endeavour to recover by Force what was his Righr, after it had been refused him peremptorily, when claimed peaceably.
Accordingly, we find the Event of each was an. fwerable ; the one being actended with continual Success, and the other with continual De fears and Misfortunes. Not that we think it always fair to make a Judgment of the Rectitude of Actions by the Issue chereof; but, in the Case before us, we have great Reason to think the one was the direct
Con. Consequence of the other. And what induces us to be of this Opinion is, that continuai Vicissitude of good or ill Fortune, that attended the Attempts of the Pruffian and Austrian Troops, according as their Foundation was laid in Justice or not.
For Instance, when theKing of Prusia attacked Si: lefia, he mer with uninterrupted Succels; bur, when after the Treary of Breslau, taking Advantage of the Austrian Army's having passed the Rhine, he unwarm rantably invaded Bohemia, at the Head of Ninety Thousand Men, committing there intolerable Ra. vages ; an Action equally ungenerous, inhuman, and not to be justified; tho he carried at first indeed all before him, he was soon forced to abandon his Conquefts, and glad to retire into his own Terri. tories, hardly bringing back half that fine Army. Prince Charles of Lorrain was then fingly able to cope with his Prufian Majesty, and to recover and secure that Kingdom; bur when her Hungarian Majefty would hearken to no Terms, when, without any Regard to Right, and thirsting after Revenge, the Austrian Army, under the same Prince, in Conjundion with the Saxons, and the Insurgents of Hungary, were ordered to penetrate into the here. ditary Dominions of the House of Brandenburg, how were the Tables turned: The King of Prusia, not only prevented, and singly repulsed them, but carrying Fire and Sword into the Saxon Territories, over-san that Electorate with amazing Rapidity; levied immenfe Contributions, and in mort, forced both Augupus and che Queen of Hungary, to fit down contented with their Loss and Damages, and to buy a Peace at a prodigious Loss; after which he recurned in Triumph, loaden with Honour, Spoils, and Riches, to his Capital.
· Having thus, as we think, sufficiently nown, both from the History of former Times, and of our own, the Enormity and fatal Consequences of trans.
gressing the Third Commandment by the Violation of public Treaties, we full proceed to specify some other Ways whereby it is equa ly broken, though the Breach of it may not affect so many; nay, perhaps, may only hurt ourselves : That is by Blafphemy, and rash Wishes, and Imprecations, or Curses, either on ourselves, or others.
This is so blasphemous and shocking a Practice, that the Histories of all Nations have condemned it, and have taken Notice of the dreadful Judgments attending those who have given themselves up thereto. Not to mention the numerous Ioftances of those who, upon every Turn, using them. selves to cry, If this be not true, or, if I do not so and so, the Devil take me, have at last found that Old Serpent come at their Call, and have actually been carried away by him, Hundreds being actually Witnesses thereto : Not to mention these, we say, . because there is scarce any one, who has not heard of some such Things, we Thall give some other Ex. amples, not less remarkable, though not so com, monly talked of.
At the Dawn of the Reformation in Germany, a certain Priest, who had been converted to Luthera. nism. but either through Fear, or for Interest, had aportarized again to Popery, in order to justity himself, and give evident Proof of his Zeal, and che Sincerity of his Conversion, or rather Perversion, after Abundance of bitter Invectives from the Pula pit against Luther, and his Religion, concluded all with laying, If his Doctrine be true, I will a Thun. derbolt may firike me dead.
But observe the Consequence of this rash and fac tal Imprecation! Not many Days after, there was · a violent Storm, accompanied with dreadful Thunder and Lightening, whereat this wicked Priest