« 上一頁繼續 »
p'cat all, the Lofs of Belgrade, and a gre-'t Part of Hungary, followed clofe upon his violaring the Treaty oi Passaroivita, which himself had formerly concluded, and greatly to hit own Honour and Ad; vantage.
Nor was this the worst, for this considerable Loft of his Dominions was followed with the Lofs of his Quiet; he never held up his Head again ; but after lingering out about a Year in Sorrow and Discontent, departed this Lise, with this stinging Mortis!' cation, that he had survived his Glory and Profperity by some Years, and lest the Affairs of his Family unsettled, and in a very precariousCoedition.
But Charles VI. is not the only Prince whom we have seen grievously difappointed in his ambitious Views, when such Princes have undertaken to compass their Designs in dessiance of, and without any regard to, the most solemn Treaties, though concluded by themselves. For, not to mention the late Leivis XIV. who was a remarkable Example of this; since, notwithstanding his having treacherously settled his Grandson, contrary to an express Treaty, made by himself but a little besore, upon the Throne of Spain, he not only lived to see that young Prince, but likewise himself, in the utmost Danger of being driven from thence, which nothing but the Divisions of Great Britain, and the Corruption of the English Ministry, could have then prevented.
Not to mention then that Monarch, we fay, is riot the present State of the fyanish Armies in Italy, and the astonishing Turn that Affairs have lately taken in that Country, a most evident and manisest Proof, that Heaven itself interpofes in Behalf of his Sardinian Majesty, and the Tuscan Dominions, to render the unwarrantable Designs of the Queen ot Stain abortive 2
In effect, if flic believed any thing of the Existence of a Deity, and of his Superintendence over Human Affairs, how could she expect otherwise? How could she expect, that after having made use of the King of Sardinia, as an Instrument to strip the late Emperor of the two Kingdoms of Nap/et and Sicily, she should now be suffered to deprive him of thofe very Dominions that were conserred upon him by Treary, in Consideration of the Assistance he then lent her? Or how could it be expected, that either she, or France, should be allowed to strip the Emperor of the Dukedom ot Tuscany, solemnly yielded to him by Treaty, in exchange for the Dutchy of terrain, his hereditary Dominions?
How must this unexpected and unforeseen Difapppointment gall that haughty Parmesan, that Female Fury, whom Providence seems to have let lonse in his Wrath, to be the Scourge of all Europe? But let her receive this mild Chastisement with Humility and Patience; let her at last be fatissied with that Deluge of Blood she has caused to be shed, to gratify her inordinate Ambition and Lust of Power; let the Millions of Lives she has already facrisiced sufsice, and let her no longer sprsist in her nesarious and unwarrantable Schemes, lest she should meet with a yet more severe Visitation, and lest certain Powers, opening their Eyes at last to their true Interest, her Favourite Don Carloi should be tumbled from the Throne by as sudden a Revolution as that which placed him there.
Nor is the present Empress, though otherwise a Princess endued with many and exalted Virtues, altogether free from Blame in this respect. The sirst Attacks indeed of her Enemies were attended with such Success, and carted on with such Fury, that it it no Wonder Nature should prompt her ii 6 when when Fortune turned on her Side, to mike some Reprisals; but then she ought to have considered impartially, tha' . neither the Prerensioni. of the Elector of Bavaria nor yet thofe of the King of Pruspa, were absolutely without Grounds; and trut, on the contrary, though they might be very difagreeable to her, they were very specious.
She ought likewise to have remembered, that his Prussian Majesty in particular, had not proceeded to Extremities, till he had made a formal Demand of what he conceived to be his undoubted Right, and had even ofsered her a considerable Equivalent for that; nay, that he had waited patiently not only till his Propofals were rejected with Scorn, but till her Imperial Majesty, having been ill advised by thofe who thought to sind their own Account in sishing in troubled Waters, was preparing to repel Force by Force, and a Demand had been made of a Body of Muscovites, who by sinding the Prussians sull Employment at Home, were to have prevented their Irruption into Silisia.
That Princess, we fay,ought impartially to have considered all these Things; and that, theresore, her entering into a Consederacy with the King of Poland, to parcel out his Prussian Majesty's hereditary Dominions, in Violation of many solemn Treaties, could never be justisied by that Prince's Endeavour to recover by Force what was his Right, after it had been resused him peremptorily, when claimed peaceably.
Accordingly, we sind the Event os each was answerable; the one being attended with continual Succels, and the other with continua! Deseats and Misfortunes Not ihat we think it always fair to make a Judgment of the Rectitude of Actions by tht Isiin thertof; but, in the Case besore us, we have great Reason to think the one was the direct
ConConsequence of the other. And what induces us to be of this Opinion is, that contiruai Vicissitude of good or ill Fortune, that attended the Attempts of the Prussian and Austrian Troops, according as their Foundation was laid in Justice or not.
For Instance.when theKing of Prussia attacked Si/esta,he met with uninterrupted Suctelj; bur, when after the Treaty of Brislau, taking Advantage of the Austrian Army's having passed the RJkintthe unwarrantably invaded Bohemia, at the Head of Ninety Thoussnd Men, committing there intolerable Ravages; an Action equally ungenerous, inhuman, and not to be justisied; tho' he carried at sirst indeed all betore him, he was foon forced to abandon his Conquests, and glad to retire into his own Territories, hardly bringing back half that sine Army. Prince Charles of Lorrain was then singly able to cope with his Prussian Majesty, and to recover and secure that Kingdom; but when her Hungarian Majesty would hearken to no Terms, when, without any Regard to Right, and thirsting after Revenge, the Austrian Army, under the fame Prince, in Conjunction with the Saxons, and the Insurgents of Hungary, were ordered to penetrate into the hereditary Dominions of the House of Brandenburg, how were the Tables turned? The King of Prussia, not only prevented, and singly repulsed them, but carrying Fire and Sword into the Saxon Territories, over-ran that Electorate with amazing Rapidity; levied immense Contributions, and in short, forced both Augustus and the Queen of Hungary, to sit down contented with their Loss and Damages, and to buy * Peace at a prodigious Losi; aster which he returned in Triumph, loaden with Honour, Spoils, and Riches, to his Capital.
Having thus, as we think, sufsiciently shown, both from the History of former Times, and of our own, the Enormity and fatal Consequences of transgressing gressing the Third Commandment by the Violation of public Treaties, we fh .11 proceed to specify some Other Ways whereby it is equa iy broken, though the Breach of it may not affect so many; nay, perhaps, may only hurt ourselves: That is by Blasphemy, and rash Wishes, and Imprecations, or Curses, either on ourselves, or others.
Thi\ is so blasphemous and shocking a Practice, that the Histories of all Nations have condemned it, and have taken Notice of the dreadsul Judgments attending thnse-who have given tnemselves up thereto. • Not to mention the numerous Instan« ces of those who, upon every Turn, using themselves to cry, If this be not true, or, if I do mt so and so, the Dewil take me, have at last found that Old Serpent come at their Call, and have actually been carried away by him, Hundreds being actually Witnesses thereto: Not to mention these, we fay, . because there is scarce any one, who has not heard of some such Things, we shall give some other Examples, not less remarkable, though not so commonly talked of.
At the Dawn of the Reformation in Germany, a certain Priest, who had been converted to Lutheratiisrn, but either through Fear, or for Interest, had apostatized again to Popery, in order to justify himself, and give evident Proof of his Zeal, and the Sincerity of his Conversion, or rather Perversion, after Abundance of bitter Invectives from the Pulpit against Luther, and his Religion, concluded all with faying, If his Doilrine be true, Jtuish a Thunderholt maysiriie me dead.
But observe the Consequence of this rash and fatal Imprecation! Not many Days after, there was a violent Storm, accompanied with dreadsul Thunder and Lightening, whereat this wicked Priest