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ture, finding at last all her Sollicitations and Expoftulations were equally fruitless, and having no Hopes of doing herself Rig it, or vindicating her Character, which she was upon the Point of losing, fell into a sertled Despair, which foon broke her Heart, and ended a Life whereof the grew weary : Nay, tome have reported, that the even hastened her Death by Poison.
But it was not long before this wicked Wretch, who now thought himself secure from being ever called to an Account for his Villainy, had Reason to repent his Cruelty and Breach of Oarh: ; for her Father, to whom she had revealed the whole Story, and who belonged, as has been before observed, to the Castle, found the Means to get it conveyed to the Ears of the Queen, who being equally shocked and incensed at his Barbarity and Impiety, not only caused him to be forbid the Court, but was going to proceed to farther Severities with him, even to the taking away his Commission ; from which she was not diverted, without Difficulty, by the Nobleman his Patron, whom she did rot know to have been any ways concerned in so black an Affair.
· As it was, it proved a perpetual Bar to his Preferment during her Majesty's Reign; which together with his marrying a Wife, with whom he lived very uncomfortably, threw him into a profound Melancholly, bordering upon Lunacy, even to the fancying he saw the poor in jured Maiden concinually before him : Insomuch thar ftung with perpetual Remorse, ever vexed with the Clamours of his Spouse, and utterly neglected by all his former Acquaintance, he lingered out some Years miserably, and then died un piried and unlamented. Nor did the Nobleman himself, who was his Advi. fer, and as it was whispered, the very person who represented the Clergyman, escape intirely un
punished even in this Life, falling for some Time, before his Decease, under such an Imbecillity of Mind, as rendered him utterly incapable of managing his own Affairs, or performing any of the Functions of a reasonable Creature; a State more deplorable, and more shocking to Human Nature, than even Deach itself! Let those who would not meet with their Fate, avoid Tharing in their Crimes.
But if the Breach of Vows, made mutually be. tween two Persons, and by the Violation of which only one is injured or hurt, be so heinous in the Sight of Heaven, what must the Guild of those be, who by the Breach of solemn Leagues and Treaties, not only injure the Party who reposed a Confi. dence in them, but at the same Time, occasion the Slaughter of Thousands of innocent Persons; thereby at once notoriously violaring, not only the Third, but the Sixth Commandment? For which compli. cated Sins they may well be assured, how great roever they may be, the Lord will not hold them guilt. lefs : An eminent and remarkable Ioftance of this we have in the Histories of Turkey, Hungary, and Poland, which is as follows:
Uladislaus, King of Hungary and Poland, a young Prince of great Bravery, having for some Time car. ried on a successful War againt the Turks, those for. midable Enemies of the Christian Name, and haviag gained considerable Advantages over them, and totally defeated them in a fee Battle, wherein many Thousands of them were slain, and their General himself taken Prisoner, had at last so humbled the haughty Sultan, that he was glad to sue to him for Peace; which was at length concluded between them, upon Terms very advantageous and honourable to the Hungarians, to whom several Provinces were to be restored, and a large Sum of Money paid, greatly to the Dishonour and Damage of the Infidels.
All Things being agreed on, and all Prelimina.' ries sertled, the Treaty was finally ratified and cone, firmed by Sultan Amurath on one Part, and Uladi. saus on i he other, who musually swore solemnly, the first on the Alcoran, the latter on the Evangelijis, to observe it inviolably. Accordingly, the Turk, as had been ftipulated, sent away Orders torthwith for withdrawing his Garrisons out of the several Fortresses that were to be delivered up, and the Money was already paid ; when young Uladislaus, by the Instigation of the Cardinal de Medicis, and Cars dinal Vulian, the latter of whom, by virtue of his Authority as Legate to the Pope, undertook co absolve him from his Oach, is perswaded to break the Peace ; which they represented to him as not sufficiently beneficial, nor even lawful, inasmuch as no Peace ought to have been made with Infidels by any Prince who was a Chriftian.
Thus inftigated by these Emissaries of his Holy Father, who pretended to fanctify Perjury, and incited also by some other Christian, or rather Antichristian Princes, who expected to find their own Account in the Concinuance of the War, the young King again takes the field, and renews Hostilities 'with more Fury than ever, against an Enemy, who relying on the Faith of Treaties, and far from expecting any such Perfidy, had passed over in full Security inio Afia, where some Affairs of Importance required his Presence. News, however, of this Ruprure, being soon sent thicher after him, he again crosses over into Europe, with all Expe. dition, highly exasperated at such a notorious Vio. lation of public Faich, and fully determined, if poflible, to take ample Revenge for it. Accordingly, he marches forwards, at the Head of a numerous Army against Uladislaus, who by this Time was advanced as far as Varna,
There the two Powers coming within Sight of each other, a bloody Battle ensued, which was for Some Time obftinately disputed on both sides ; however, the Hungarians at length got the better, drove the Infidels every where before them, and a tocal Overthrow was on the Point of following. This Amurath perceiving, and observing the Rea presentation of Christ Crucified in the waving Cojours of the Hungarians, drew the Treaty so Tarely sworn 10, and to perfidiously broken, out of his Bosom, and casting up his Eyes to Heaven, Behold, thou crucified Christ, said he, this League, which thy Christians have made with me lately in thy Name, and nori violated without any Cause. If ihou art, therefore, a God, as they affirm thee to be, and as we ourselves have some faint Idea, revenge the Affront of fired to thy Name, and the Injustice done to me, by Thewing thy Power upon thy perjured People, wha by their Artions openly deny thee.
Scarce had the Sultan uttered this pathetic and powerful Adjuration, when the Face of Affairs was visibly changed in an Instant ; the Aying Turks ral. ly, and returning to the Onset with a supernatural Fury, not only repulse their Conquerors, but carry all before them, and give the Hungarians a total Defeat, but few of them elcaping from the field of Bactle. Amongst the Slain was not only Uladisaus himself, whose Ilead was cut off by a Janizary, and stuck upon the End of a Spear, but Cardinal Julian also, that wicked Legate, who by his impious Sollicitations, and audacious Profaneness, in pretending to dispense with folemn Vows, had been the Occasion of so much Blood and Slaughter. An instructive Lesson this, to all Christian Princes, to be careful how they trifle with Oaths, left they should meet with the like deplorable End.
'Nor have we been without Examples, even in
our Days, of the Danger of being guilty of this heinous Sin, in the Person of the late Emperor Charles the VI. of the Queen of Spain, of the prefene Empress, of the King of Poland, and of certain other European Powers. First, then, as to the Emperor Charles the VI, that great Prince, who was endued with many good Qualities, but unfortunately tainted with that common Vice of Sovereigns, an Ambition of extendirg his Territories, bad puc an honourable End to a long and succeísful War hy the Treaty of Radstadt ; which, though by reason of Great Britain's having clapped up a separate Peace, it was not near so advantageous as might have been obtained before that unfortunate Event ; or would indeed have been concluded, (had it not been for the insatiable Avarice of the Duke of Marlborough, and the inordinare Desire of the Dutch to enlarge their Barrier unreasonably at the Expence of this Nation;) so long before as at Gertruje deng, left him in quiet Possession of wide extended Dominions, and sufficiently powerful, by the Help of his Allies, not only to make Head againft his Enemies, but even to bumble them effe ctually, and carry the War into their own Countries, should they offer to attack him in any Part.
In effea, so sensible was his Imperial Majesty of his own Strength, that it proved faral to him, by lulling him into a false Security, and inducing him to throw off that Regard to his old Ailies they had well deserved at his Hands, which was the first Srep towards his Ruin First, He impolitically disobliged the King of Sardinia, by forcing him in a manner to a disadvantageous Exchange of Sicily, which had been procured for him at the Treaty of Utrecht, for Sardinia. This Incroachment on the Right of another, laid the Foundarion for a formidable Invasion of Sicily roon after by the Spaniards, when chat Ifand would have fallen into their Hands, had not we stood in the Gap, and put an End co