網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

sure, sinding at last all her Soilicitations and Expostulations were equally fruitless, and having no Hopes ot doing herself Rig it, or vindicating her Character, which she w*s upon the Point of losing, fell into a settled Despair, which soon broke her Heart, and ended a Lise whereof she giew iveary: Nay, some have reported, that she even hastened her Death by Poison.

But it was nor long before this wicked Wretch, who now thought himself secure from being ever called to an Account for his Villainy, had Reason to repent his Cruelty and Breach of Oath-; for her Father, to whom she had revealed the whole Story, and who belonged, as has been besore observed, to the Castle, found the Means to get it conveyed to the Ears of the Queen, who being equally shocked and incensed at his Barbarity and Impiety, not only caused him to be forbid the Court, but was going to proceed to farther Severities with him, even to the taking away his Commission; from which she was not diverted, without Difsiculty, by the Nobleman his Patron, whom she did rot know to nave been any ways concerned in so black an Affair.

. As it wa<, it proved a perpetual Bar to his Preferment during her Majesty's Reign; which together with his marrying a Wise, with whom he lived very uncomfortably, threw him into a profound Melancholly, bordering upon Lunacy, even to the fancying he faw the poor ii jured Maiden continually besore him: Insomuch that stung with perpetual Remorse, ever vexed with the Clamours of his Spouse, and utterly neglected by all his former Acquaintance, he lingered out some Years miserably, and then died unpitied and unlamented. Nor did the Nobleman himself, who was his Adviser, and as it was whispered, the very Person who represented the Clergyman, escape intirely iin

'punished punished even in this Lise, falling for some Time, besore his Decease, under such an Imbeciility of Mind, as rendered him utterly incapable of managing his own Affiirs, or persorming any of the Functions of a reasonable Creature; a State more deplorable, and more shocking to Human Nature, than even Death itself! Let thofe who would not meet with their Fate, avoid sharing in their Crimes.

But if the Breach of Vows, made mutually between two Persons, and by the Violation of which only one is injured or hurt, be so heinous in the Sight of Heaven, what must the Guilt of thnse be, who by the Breach of solemn Leagues and Treaties, not only injure the Party who repnsed a Considence in them, but at the fame Time, occasion the Slaughter of Thoufands of innocent Personi; thereby at once notoriously violating, not only the Third, but the Sixth Commandment? For which complicated Sins they may well be assured, how great soever they may be, the Lord <uiill not hold thtm guiltless: An eminent and remarkable Instance of this we have in the Histories of Turkey, Hungary, and Poland, which is as follows:

Vladislaus, King of Hungary and Poland, a young Prince of great Bravery, having for some Time carried on a successsul War against the Turks, those formidable Enemies of the Cbrisiian Name, and having gained considerable Advantages over them, and totally deseated them in a set Battle, wherein many Thoufands of them were slain, and their General himself t..ken Prisoner, had at last so humbled the haughty Sultan, that he was glad to sue to him for Peace; which was at length concluded between them, upon Terms very advantageous and honourable to the Hungarians, to whom several Province* were to be restored, and a 1-irge Sum of Money paid, greatly to the Dishonour and Damage of the Insidels.

H AU

All Things being agreed on, and all Preliminaries settled, the Treaty was sinally ratisied and consirmed by Sultan Amuratb on one Part, and ViadiJluus an the other, who mutually swore solemnly, (he sirst on the Alcoran, the latter on the Evangelifts, to observe it inviolably. Accordingly, the lurk, as had been stipulated, sent away Orders forthwith for withdrawing his Garrisons out of the several Fortresses that were to be delivered up, and the Money was already paid; when young Uladstaus, by the Instigation of the Cardinal di Medicis, and Cardinal -Julian, the latter of whom, by virtue of his Authority as Legate to the Pope, undertook to absolve him from his Oath, is perswaded to break the Peace; which they represented to him as not sussiciently benesicial, nor even lawsul, inasmuch as no Peace ought to have been made with Insidels by any Prince who was a Christian.

Thus instigated by these Emissaries of his Holy Father, who pretended to fanctify Perjury, and incited also by some other Christian, or rather Antitbriftian Princes, who expected to sind their'own Account in the Continuance of the War, the young King ag*in takes the Field, and renews Hostilities with more Fury than ever, against an Enemy, who relying on the Faith of Treaties, and far from expecting any such Persidy, had passed over in sull Security inio AJla, where some Affairs of Importance required his Presence. News, however, of this Rupture, being soon sent thither after him, he again crosses over into Eurofe> with all Expedition, highly exasperated at such a notorious Violation of public Faith, and fully determined, if possible, to take ample Revenge for it. Accordingly, he marches forwards, at the Head of a numerous Army agiinst Uladistaus, who by this Time was advanced as far as Varna,

There

There the two Powers coming within Sight of each other, a bloody Battle ensued, which was for some Time obstinately disputed on both Sides; however, the Hungarians at length got the better, drove the Insidels every where besore them, and a total Overthrow was on the Point of following. This Amurath perceiving, and observing the Representation of Christ Crucisied in the waving Colours of the Hungarians, drew the Tre.aty so lately sworn to, and so persidiously broken, out of his Bosom, and casting up his Eyes to Heaven, Behold, thou crucified Christ, faid he, this League, ivhich thy Christians have made ivith me lately in thy Name, and nova violated ivithout any Cause, If thou art, therefore, a God, as thiy affirm thee to be, and as tve Cursives have some saint Idea, revenge the Affront offired to thy Name, and the Injustice done to me, hy shewing thy Power upon thy perjured People, who by their aiclions openly deny thee.

Scarce had the Sultan uttered this pathetic and powersul Adjuration, when the Face of Affairs was visibly changed in an Instant ; the flying Turks rally, and returning to the Oiset with a supernatural Fury, not only repulse their Conquerors, but carry all besore them, and give the Hungarians a total Deseat, but sew of them elcaping from the Field of Battle. Amongst the Slain was not only Uladi/laus himself, whofe Head was cut off by a Janizary, and stuck upon the End of a Spear, but Cardinal Julian also, that wicked Legate, who by his impious Solicitations, and audacious Profaneness, in pretending to dispense with solemn Vows, had been' the Occasion of so much Blood and Slaughter. An instructive Lesson this, to all Christian Princes, * to be caresul how they trifle with Oaths, lest they should meet with the like deplorable End.

Nor have we been without Examples, even in
H z our

our Days, of the Danger of being guilty of this heinous Sin, in the Person of the late Emperor Charlti the VI. of the Queen of Spain, of the present Empress, of ihe King of Poland, and of certain other European Powers. First, then, as to the Emperor Charles the VI. that great Prince, who was endued with many good Qualities, but unfortunately tainted with that common Vice of Sovereigns, an Ambition of extending his Territories, bad-put an honourable End to a long and successsul War by the Treaty ot Radstadt; which, though by reason of Great Britain's having clapped up a separate Peace, it was not near so advantageous as might have been obtained besore that unfortunate Event; or would indeed have been concluded, (had it not been for the infatiable Avarice of the Duke of Alarlhorougb, and the inordinate Desire of the Dutch to enlarge their Barrier unreasonably at the "E*-pence of this Nation,) so long besore as at Gertruydeng, lest him in quiet Possession of wide extended Dominion-, and sussiciently powersul, by the Help of his Allies, not only to make Head against his Enemies, but even to humble them effectually, and carry the War into their own Countries, should they offer to attack him in any Part.

In effect, so sensible was his Imperial Majesty of his own Strength, that it proved fatal to him, by lulling him into a false Security, and inducing him to throw off that Regard to his eld Mies they had well deserved at his Hands, which was the sirst Step towards his Ruin First, He impolitically disobliged the King of Sardinia, by forcing him in a manner to a difadvantageous E«change of Sicily, which had been procured for him at ;he Tieaty of Utrecht, for Sardinia, This Incioachment on the Right of another, laid the Foundation for a formidable Invasion of Sicily soon assier by xbeSi>aniards, when that Island would nave fallen into their Hands, h;.d not we stood in ts.c Gap, and put an End to

« 上一頁繼續 »