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Grandeur and Power is; and more especially, if established in Tyranny and Impiery.
In effect, can any of those imperial Ravagers of Mankind, now living, ever hope to equal, much less to surpass, the great and famous Nebuchadnez. zar, either in the Greatness, Extent, or Rapidity of their Conquests? If they cannot even Alatter themselves with such a vain Hope, they would do well toi consider seriously, before they go hence, and are no more seen, what Fate befel him, even in the Height of his Prosperity and Grandeur ; when he had no. thing to fear from Man, all hisEnemies being subdued, and laid under his Feet. They would do well, we say, to consider this seriously, what a melancholy Reverse he experienc'd. in a Moment, even at the very Instant, when he was applauding himself most, on the Greatness of his Atchievements; the Height and Extent of his Power ; with the seeming Prifo peat, of the firm and never-to-be-fhaken Eftablish. ment of his Empire.
They would likewise do well to reflect, at the fame Time, whether they should like themselves, to undergo the same terrible, and moft shocking Pen. nance; neither would it be amiss for thein, to lay their Hands upon their Hearts, and ask themselves the following serious and important, though perhaps, not very pleasing Questions. Am I not every Moment liable, to the same mortifying and intolerable Catasa , trophe ? Does not my Conscience affure me, I deserve it equally ? Dare I aver, dare I even whisper it to myself, that such a Thing is impossible ; left the Moment I entertained that impious Thought, the Punishment should follow, and be put into immediare Execution ? And, if I dare not even tell myselt thus much, do I act either wifely, or fafely for my felf, in peräting in the same Course, of spreading Havock and Desolation around Europei
· It were greatly to be with'd, and happy for their Subjects, that these Purple Homicides would put these home and salutary Questions to themselves; or, since this is never to be expected, that some of those, who have nearest Access to them,would have the Honesty. and Courage, to prefent them with some such Monia tory as this, with the Page ready doubled down, for their Perusal; we can't help thinking, it might be attended with very good and wholesome Effects; but, we are greatly afraid, there is as little Hope of fuch Honesty and Boldness, in those who approach great Princes, as there is, generally speaking, of meeting with Wisdom, Humanity, and Moderation, in fuch Princes.
But, upon Recolle&ion, to say the Truth, in all Probability, were even such a bold and faithful Counsellor to be found, unless the Prince, who was thus admonished, were one of a Thousand, it might not have all the good Confequences, which might otherwise reasonably be expected from it ; perhaps, on the contrary, the honest Man might be rewarded with Disgrace; nay, if it were under an absolute Government, with Death itself, or what, in Reality, he would deserve the higheft Honours, and even a Scatue of Gold ; it is not therefore to be thought, in the present Iron Age, that any one will be found, who will be willing to fall a Martyr to Truth, and the Welfare of his Country, though he were sure even to be canonized for it. This is a melancholy Reflection, but there is hardly any thing, on this Side the Grave, that is without a Remedy, by an honest, prudent, and steady Conduct ; neither is shere any Monarch so degenerate, not even the most zyrannical, and averfe to Good, who may not be prevailed upon, by wholesome, bold, and often repeared Remonftrances; and this, not out of any Re. gard to his people, or his faithful Counsellors, but qui of a rendes Re!pect for his own Safety.
. Even the Great Turk himself, than whom no Monarch on Earth is more arbitrary, is forced to set some Bounds to his Tyranny ; or else, by rendering himself universally odious, he would soon find, both his Reign, and himself, very short-liv'd : What one honeft Statesman, therefore, alone, and unsupported, might not be able to effect, a Number, concurring resolutely together, and animated by the fame Zeal, for the Welfare of their Prince and Country, would certainly be able to accomplish ; and this, as was said before, not out of any Change in him for the better, but in Regard to his own dear Person.
Should any one here fay, we advance what can never be proved, because it will never be put to the Teft, we can only answer, in Pity to any poor Country, that may happen to groan under such grievous Calamities, we are heartily sorry for it; but, fhould he proceed yet farther, and aver the Scheme itself is impracticable and romantic, and the mere chimerical Product of a visionary Brain, we 'fhould beg his Pardon, and tell him, the Experiment has been tried, and chat many Ages ago, in the vaft Empire of China; a Country entirely happy, in eojoying the belt Form of Government, our own ex cepted, of any Nation in the Univerfe.
The Story is as follows: One of the Chinese Em. perors, in former Days, being a very hafty, obfti. nate, imperious, and self-opinionated Man, the very worst Temper with which a Prince can possibly be endued, took it in his Head, in an Affair of the greatest Moment, without consulting any of his Mandarines, with whom he oughe to have advised, to act directly contrary to the established Rule of their Government. Hereupon, one of the wiseft, and greatest of the Mandarines, thinking himself bound in Duty so to do, waited upon his Imperial Majesty,
and frankly reminded him, though in the most re. Spectful Terms, of what he chought an Error in his Conduc; laying before him, at the fame Time, without any Reserve, what, he apprehended, would be the pernicious Consequences of his persisting any longer therein.
The Chinese Emperors are all absolute Princes, and have no oiher Check upon their Ations, than these Two; the being obliged to submit to the Hearing of their Faults, while living; and being certain of having them transmitted down to Pofterity, to their eternal Infamy, when dead. These may be thought, perhaps, by moft People, but very inconsiderable Restraints, and a poor Counter-balance against unlimited Sway: But, let such People be cold, that the Princes, who are so void of all Shame, to break through these without Remorse, and are not at all concerned, what will be faid of them hereafter, will make no Scruple, and will soon find Ways and Means, by the Help of such abandoned, proftigate Flatterers, as all Courts abound with, to break through any other Obstacles whatever : And, as ineffe&ual as these may seem, the first of them alone, namely, the hearing their own Faults told them, is Such a one, as never an absolute Prince, at present, in Christendom, would patiently submit to ; it were well if some limited Princes, could be induced to bear it, with any Manner of Temper.
To return from whence we have digressed : The Emperor before mentioned, was one of those, who was not of a Humour, to think he could be in the wrong; wherefore, infead of dismilling the faithful Counsellor with Thanks, and Rewards, for his honelt and falutáry Remonftrance, and reforming his own Conduct, he ordered him to be put to Death foc his Insolence. But what Effect had this unadvised Cruelty, and monfrous Injustice, upon the virtuous,
resolute, and undaunted Chinese? The very next - Day, another Mandarine appeared ; demanded Audience ; made the same Remonftrances, or to the fame Purpose ; and chearfully underwent the same
Notwithstanding this Barbarity, and these Examples, not decerr'd from doing his Duty, by their Fate, the Day following, a third Mandarine took upon himself the same ungrateful and dangerous Task; to shew, at the same Time, that he expected no Mercy, but that he willingly devoted himself to Death, for the Welfare of his Country, he ordered his Hearse to attend him in Mourning, and wait at the Palace-Gate! He then went boldly up to the Emperor, and finding respeciful Remonftrances would not work upon him, told him, in plain Terms, if he did not reform his Conduel, his Reign would be handed down unto future Ages, in the most pameful Calours, of any, that ever get disgraced the Chronicles of China. Hereupon the Tyrant, exasperated at this uncourtly Freedom, which indeed was the highest Proof of the most exalted and intrepid Virtue, not content with barely putting him to death, ordered him to expire, under the moft exquisite Tor, tures.
· This Example of the utmost Brutality, and most unrelenting Obstinacy, one would have thought, would have been more than sufficient, to deter any one from vencuring to take his Place ; at least, we are fure, it would have been so in any European Country; but it had a quite different Effect, upon those never-to-be-sufficiendly-admired Heroes, and Patriots, the Mandarines of China. In short, upon this, the whole venerable Body of the Survivors assembled, to deliberate about what was to be done, in so ticklish, and yet so important an Affair: They were not long, however, in their Deliberacions; for they soon came