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"All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be u forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy M against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven "unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word ** against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven "him:a but whosoever speaketh against the ** Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, *' neither in this world, neither in the world to "come; because they said, He hath an unw clean spirit. Either make the tree good, and ** his fruit good; or else make the tree cor-" rupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is "known by his fruit. O generation of vipers, "how can ye, being evil, speak good things? "for out of the abundance of the heart the "mouth speaketh. A good man out of the .** good treasure of the heart brihgeth - forth good things: and an evil man out of the "evil treasure bringeth forth evil things. But *' I say unto you, That every idle word that "men shall speak, they shall give account *' thereof in ihe day of judgment. For by thy "words thou shalt be justified, and by thy "words thou shalt be condemned." ? *
43. The Scribes and Pharisees are reproved for seeking a sign.
Then certain of the Scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. But he answered and said unto them, "An evil and adulterous genera** tion seeketh after a sign; and there shall no
"Upon sincere repentance.
"sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet "Jonas:' for as Jonas wa3 three days and "three nights in the whale's belly : so shall "the Son of man be three days and three nights "in the heart of the earth. The men of Nine*' veh shall rise in judgment with this genera"tion, and shall condemn it: because they re*' pented at the preaching of Jonas; and, be"hold, a greater than Jonas is here. The queen "of the south shall rise up in the judgment "with this generation, and shall condemn it: "for she came from the uttermost parts of the "earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, "behold, a greater than Solomon is here. No *' man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth '* it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, "but on a candlestick, that they which come "in may see. the light. The light of the body "is the eye : therefore when thine eye is single, "thy whole body also is full of light; but when "thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of dark** ness. Take heed therefore that the light "which is in thee be not darkness. If thy "whole body therefore be full of light, having *' no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, "as when the bright shining of a candle doth "give thee light. When the unclean spirit is "gone out of a man, he walketh through dry "places, seeking rest, and findeth none. Then "he saith, I will return into my house from "whence I came put; and when he is come, "he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished. "Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seyen
* A type of his own death, burial, and resurrection.
"other spirits more wicked than himself, and *' they enter in and dwell there : and the last "state of that man is worse than the first. "Even so shall it be also unto this wicked gc"neration." *
44. Who are truly blessed.
And it came to pass, as he spake these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked. But he said, "Yea rather, blessed "are they that hear the word of God, and keep « it."
45. Jesus regards his Disciples as his nearest Relations.
While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him. And they could not not come at him for the press. Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee. But he answered and said unto him that told him, ** Who is my mother? and who are my bre"thren?" And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, "Behold my ** mother and my brethren \ For whosoever "shall do the will of my Father which is in hea"ven, the same is my brother, and sister, and "mother." 3
46. Jesus, sitting at meat with a Pharisee, dcnounces woes against the Pharisees, Scribes, a/id Teachers' of the law.
And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him: and he went in, and sat down to meat. And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner. * And the Lord said unto him, "Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside "of the cup and the platter; but your inward "part is full of ravening and wickedness. Ye "fools, did not he that made that which is "without make that which is within also? but "rather give alms of such things as ye have; "and, behold, all things are clean unto you. "But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe "mint and rue and all manner of herbs, ** and pass over judgment and the love of God:
these ought ye to have done, and not to leave "the other undone. Woe unto you, Phari"sees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the "synagogues, and greetings in the markets. "Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypo"crites! for ye are as graves which appear not, "and the men that walk over them are not "aware of them." b Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also. And he said, ** Woe unto you also, ye lawyers! for ye lade
1 Agreeable to the tradition of the elders.
b To touch even the outside of a grave was a defilement. Numb. xix. 16. It was therefore customary with the Jews to whiten the sepulchres, as a mark to caution a person from approaching.
"men with burdens grievous to be borne, and "and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with "one of your fingers. Woe unto you, for ye ** build the sepulchres of the prophets, and ** your fathers killed them. Truly ye bear wit«' ness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: "for they indeed killed them, and }'e build "their sepulchres. Therefore also said the ** wisdom of God, I will send them prophets "and apostles, and some of them they shall slay "and persecute: that the blood of all the pro"phets, which was shed from the foundation ** of the world, may be required of this gene** ration; from the blood of Abel unto the "blood of Zacharias,1 which perished between "the altar" and the temple: verily I say unto "you, It shall be required of this generation. "Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken "away the key of knowledge: ye enter not in "3'ourselves, and them that were entering in "ye hindered." And as he said these things unto them, the Scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things : laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth that they might accuse him.
47. Jesus instructs his Disciples and the Multitude.
In the mean time, when there were Capernaum. gathered together an innumerable or.imheway multitude of people, insomuch that to the Lake. they trode one upon another, he began to Say
* 2 Chron xxiv. 20.
* The alttur stood in the court before the body of the temple.