Financing of Elementary and Secondary Education: Hearings, Ninety-second Congress, Second Session ...
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972 - 845 頁
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additional allocation amount appropriate areas assessed assistance average basic basis BELL bill billion California central cities Chairman child cities Commission committee CONGRESS constitutional cost County court decision determined distribution dollars educational agency effect effort elementary equal example expenditures fact Federal aid Federal Government figures fiscal formula funds going grant higher income increase interest legislation less levy means measure Michigan mills Model opportunity percent poor present problems programs property tax proposed public schools PUCINSKI pupil question raise reason receive recommendations result revenue school districts school finance secondary Serrano sharing shows sources spend statement Table tax rate teachers thing tion Title unit valuation wealth weighted York
第 279 頁 - It is the very foundation of good citizenship. Today it is a principal instrument in awakening the child to cultural values, in preparing him for later professional training, and in helping him to adjust normally to his environment. In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms....
第 195 頁 - Today, education is perhaps the most important function of state and local governments. Compulsory school attendance laws and the great expenditures for education both demonstrate our recognition of the importance of education to our democratic society. It is required in the performance of our most basic public responsibilities, even service in the armed forces. It is the very foundation of good citizenship. Today it is a principal instrument in awakening the child to cultural values, in preparing...
第 53 頁 - local educational agency" means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a State for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a State, or such combination of school districts or counties as are recognized in a State as an administrative agency for its public elementary or secondary schools.
第 50 頁 - ... the court the record of the further proceedings. Such new or modified findings of fact shall likewise be conclusive if supported by substantial evidence.
第 197 頁 - The Legislature shall encourage, by all suitable means the promotion of intellectual, scientific, moral and agricultural improvement.
第 49 頁 - Commissioner thereupon shall file in the court the record of the proceedings on which he based his action, as provided in section 2112 of title 28, United States Code.
第 110 頁 - State educational agency may find necessary to assure the correctness and vertiflcation of such reports, "(b) The State educational agency shall not finally disapprove in whole or in part any application for funds under this title without first affording the local educational agency submitting the application reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing.
第 42 頁 - The number of children so enrolled shall be determined by the Commissioner on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data available to him. For purposes of this subsection, the term "State...
第 201 頁 - Along with this have come new and more expansive readings of the equal protection and due process clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. The equal protection clause, characterized by Mr. Justice Holmes in 1927 as "the last resort of constitutional arguments,
第 39 頁 - State educational agency" means the State board of education or other agency or officer primarily responsible for the State supervision of public elementary and secondary schools, or, if there is no such officer or agency, an officer or agency designated by the Governor or by State law.