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and necessarily includes the love of man, gate of paradise was now in sight, and I as it connects gratitude with beneficence, was intercepted by a sudden brightness and exalts that which was moral to di- which no human eye could behold; the vine, confers new dignity upon goodness, irrevocable sentence was now to be proand is the object, not only of affection, nounced; my day of probation was passed; but reverence. On the contrary, the de- and from the evil of my life, nothing could votion of the selfish, whether it be thought be taken away, nor could anything be to avert the punishment which every one added to the good. When I reflected wishes to be inflicted, or to insure it by the that my lot for eternity was cast, which complication of hypocrisy with guilt, never not all the powers of nature could reverse, fails to excite indignation and abhorrence. my confidence totally forsook me; and Carazan, therefore, when he had locked his while I stood trembling and silent, covered door, and turning round with a look of with confusion and chilled with horror, I circumspective suspicion, proceeded to the was thus addressed by the radiance that mosque, was followed by every eye with flamed before me: silent malignity: the poor suspended their "" Carazan, thy worship has not been supplication when he passed by; and accepted, because it was not prompted by though he was known by every man, yet love of God; neither can thy righteousno man saluted him.

ness be rewarded, because it was not Such had long been the life of Carazan, produced by love of man: for thy own and such was the character which he had sake only hast thou rendered to every acquired, when notice was given by pro- man his due; and thou hast approached clamation, that he was removed to a the Almighty only for thyself. Thou hast magnificent building in the centre of the not looked up with gratitude, nor round city, that his table should be spread for thee with kindness. Around thee, thou the public, and that the stranger should hast indeed beheld vice and folly, but if be welcome to his bed. The multitude vice and folly could justify thy parsimony, soon rushed like a torrent to his door, would they not condemn the bounty of where they beheld him distributing bread Heaven? If not upon the foolish and to the hungry, and apparel to the naked; the vicious, where shall the sun diffuse his eye softening with compassion, and his its light, or the clouds distil their dew? cheek glowing with delight. Every one Where shall the lips of the spring breathe gazed with astonishment at the prodigy; fragrance, or the hand of autumn diffuse and the murmur of innumerable voices plenty? Remember, Carazan, that thou increasing like the sound of approaching hast shut compassion from thine heart, thunder, Carazan beckoned with his hand; and grasped thy treasures with a hand attention suspended the tumult in a of iron: thou hast lived for thyself; and, moment, and he thus gratified the curio- therefore, henceforth for ever thou shalt sity which had procured him audience. subsist alone. From the light of Heaven

To Him who touches the mountains and from the society of all beings shalt and they smoke, the Almighty and the thou be driven: solitude shall protract most merciful, be everlasting honour! the lingering hour of eternity, and darkHe has ordained sleep to be the minister

grava the horrors of despair.” of instruction, and his visions have re- At this moment I was driven by some proved me in the night. As I was sitting secret and irresistible power through the alone in my harem, with my lamp burn- glowing system of creation, and passed ing before me, computing the product of innumerable worlds in a moment. As I my merchandise, and exulting in the in-approached the verge of nature, I percrease of my wealth, I fell into a deep ceived the shadows of total and boundless sleep, and the hand of Him who dwells vacuity deepen before me, a dreadful rein the third heaven was upon me. I be- gion of eternal silence, solitude, and darkheld the angel of death coming forward ness! Unutterable horror seized me at like a whirlwind, and he smote me before the prospect, and this exclamation burst I could deprecate the blow. At the same from me with all the vehemence of desire: moment felt myself lifted from the "O! that I had been doomed for ever to ground, and transported with astonishing the common receptacle of impenitence and rapidity through the regions of the air. guilt! there society would have alleviated The earth was contracted to an atom be- the torment of despair, and the rage of neath; and the stars glowed round me fire would not have excluded the comfort with a lustre that obscured the sun. The of light. Or if I had been condemned to

ness

reside on a comet that would return but treading their path in the great world of once in a thousand years to the regions of the Lord, and praising his name in neverlight and life, the hope of these periods, ceasing anthems. however distant, would cheer me in the But even at home, our own great modreary interval of cold and darkness, and ther Earth is not, as many still believe, the vicissitude would divide eternity into at rest, and its very foundations are every time." While this thought passed over now and then giving signs of the mystemy mind, I lost sight of the remotest rious life which is throbbing in this vast star, and the last glimmering of light was globe. Meteoric stones, also, come like quenched in utter darkness. The agonies aerial messengers from distant, unknown of despair every moment increased, as spheres, and speak loudly of the life in every moment augmented my distance spaces unknown to human vision. For from the last habitable world. I reflected stones travel as well as life-endowed orwith intolerable anguish, that when ten ganic bodies; they are, in fact, the very thousand years had carried me beyond oldest travellers on earth of whom we the reach of all but that Power who fills have any knowledge. The mountains infinitude, I should still look forward into are not everlasting, and the sea is not an immense abyss of darkness, through eternal. Thousands of years ago, rocks which I should still drive without suc- hegan to shiver in the fierce cold of the cour and without society, further and fur- Polar regions; even Sweden and Norway, ther still, for ever and for ever. I then Greenland and Spitzbergen, became instretched out my hands towards the re- tolerable, and they set out on their great gions of existence with an emotion that journey to the warmer south. But huge, awakened me. Thus have I been taught unwieldy travellers as they were, they to estimate society, like every other bless- soon tired, and rested awhile in the wide, ing, by its loss. My heart is warmed to sandy wastes which stretch through Nörliberality; and I am zealous to comniuni- thern Europe and Asia. Some, the large cate the happiness which I feel, to those ones, remained there, bleak, blasted masses from whom it is derived; for the society of rock, sterile and stern, like grim giants of one wretch, whom in the pride of pro- of dark, old ages. Their lighter compasperity I would have spurned from my nions, smaller and swifter, rolled merrily door, would, in the dreadful solitude to on towards the foot of mountains, and which I was condemned, have been more there they also lie, scattered over the highly prized than the gold of Afric or plains of Europe and Siberia. Science the gems of Golconda.'

calls them "erratic' stones, the people At this reflection upon his dream Cara- know them as 'foundlings,' for there they zan became suddenly silent, and looked are, like lost children, belonging to anupward in an ecstasy of gratitu.le and other climate and a different race from devotion. The multitude were struck at those which surround them. When once with the precept and example, and they travelled, man knows not. It must the caliph, to whom the event was related, have been in times of yore, however, when that he might be liberal beyond the power the great Northern Ocean covered yet of gold, commanded it to be recorded for with its dark waves mountain and forest the benefit of posterity.Hawkesworth. in the very heart of the continent. Other

blocks travelled against their will, packed NATURE IN MOTION.* up in snow and ice. Whole islands of

ice, we know, were torn off by terrible

convulsions from the coasts of ScandinaNo vulgar error has perhaps longer pre- via; the storm-tossed sea hurled them vailed among men, than that of the per- into her powerful currents, and thus they manency and immutability of our globe. The peace in which our mother earth broad shoulders huge masses of rock that

were carried southward, bearing on their seems to slumber is but an illusion: in had rolled down from their native mounall nature nothing is ever at rest. The tains. These gigantic guests from the moon around the earth, the earth around north soon stranded against the mounthe sun, that sun around another great tains of the continent; they melted under centre, and all the heavenly bodies in one unbroken circle around the throne of the to the ground. When, afterwards, the

a more genial sun, and their burden fell Almighty — all are in restless motion, bottom of this vast sea rose and became

'Putnam's American Monthly.' dry land, these foreign visiters also rose

MIGRATION OF STONES.

sun.

and found themselves, with amazement, Unteraar glacier progressed at the rate of in a southern country, under a southern nearly a thousand feet annually. Thus,

Thus it is that the famous statue stones travel on the back of icy waves of Peter the Great which adorns one of from the mountain-top to the foot of the the magnificent open squares of his city, Alps, where they form grotesque groups was hewn out of Swedish granite—the and lofty ramparts, or lie scattered about same stone from the far north which fur- on the plain, like the giant rocks of nished the colossal vase before the Mu- Stonehenge. seun in Berlin.

They have, however, one mode of travel How long ago these early travels were unlike all other kinds of locomotion, and made by rock and stone, we know not; so mysterious that human science has not but they are by no means at an end. yet fathoned its nature. Large masses The same process is still going on, even of rock, namely, of truly gigantic dimennow. The Arctic still sends her children sions, when by accident they fall into the out to dwell in warmer climes, and year deep crevices of these glaciers, return after year sees wandering stones come with quiet but irresistible energy to the from high, icy regions, and tumble into surface, moving slowly, stealthily upward. the Atlantic, or strand on the low shore Thus, not unfrequently vast pyramids or at the mouth of the St Lawrence, stately pillars of ice, broken loose from

Other rocks are sea-born. Lofty moun- the mother glacier, are seen standing in tains, now capped with snow and wrapped isolated grandeur, and crowned with huge in clouds, bear unmistakeable evidence masses of stone. After awhile the strange that they once dwelt at the very bottom forms change and melt, the rock sinks of the ocean. Sandstone blocks, piled up deeper and deeper, until at last it is lost high until they form large mountain to sight, deeply buried in snow and ice. chains, on which gigantic trees are deeply Yet, after a time, it reappears above, and rooted, and the birds of heaven dwell, to the Swiss say the glacier purifies itself. whose summit men painfully climb to For, strange as it seems, the glacier does look down upon the sunny plain, were not suffer either block or grain of sand once mere loose, fragile sand down in the within its clear, transparent masses, and deeps of the sea. They are still mixed though covered for miles with millions of with countless shells, the bones of fishes, crumbling stones, with heaps of foliage and a thousand relics of their former and debris of every kind-at the foot of home. On the other hand, we know the mountain it is so clear and pure, that that large tracks of sea-bottom once be- even the microscope fails to discern the longed to the firm land, enjoyed air, light, presence of foreign bodies. What is and warmth, and abounded with life of equally amazing is, that whilst every every kind. But the sea came and buried weighty object, leaves, insects, dead them in eternal darkness. For the ocean, bodies, stones, or gravels, sink alike into also, the infinite, is not the same to-day the cold bed, the organic parts decay that it was yesterday—it changes form quickly in the frozen, rigid mass, but the and shape like everything else on earth, inorganic parts are thrown up again. The very heart of the globe is restless. Years ago, a horse fell into one of these Fused, molten stones are dragged from glaciers; it sank, marking its outline distheir hidden resting-places in the depths tinctly, until it was seen no more. A of the cartb, passed through fiery ovens, year afterwards, the clean, white skeleton and at last, in fierce fury, thrown out of projected from the top through the clear volcanoes, where, as lava streams, they ice. In the middle of the sixteenth censoon become solid, fertile, and fruit-bear- tury, a succession of long winters, during ing, or form new mountains on lands, which immense masses of snow fell, innew islands in the ocean,

creased the glaciers so much, that they Even now stones still migrate, thanks travelled faster and lower than usually, to their old friends, ice-glaciers of vast, and in their course overwhelmed a little gigantic size, moving foot by foot. They chapel at the foot of the Grindelwald. may, therefore, be fairly included among All was covered, mountains high, with the travelling portions of our globe. snow and ice, and so remained for years, Their motion is slow but sure: the glacier buried in ghastly silence. But lo! all of of Grindelwald moves only about twenty- a sudden there appeared a black ungainly five feet a-year, but a signal-post fastened mass, high up on the glittering field-it to a large granite block embedded in the was the chapel bell! Pious hands saved

it, carried it to a neighbouring town, and ing influence of heat and cold, rain and there the long-buried bell now rings snow, and crumble, gradually, into coarsemerrily Sabbath after Sabbath.

grained sand. Wind and weather, clouds If stones travel thus by the aid of ma- and springs, carry this down, wbere the jestic glaciers slowly downwards, they restless waves of rivers and streams seize have to perform their journeys from be- it and hurry it on, through vale and vallow upward in much less time. That ley, on their long journey, until at last fierce element which many believe to be they reach the coast, and throw their still raging under the thin crust which burden into the great ocean. Thus, age we inhabit, breaks out every now and after age, the loftiest parts of heaven-asthen through the great safety-valves that piring mountains are broken to pieces, nature has provided. Already, Strabo and swallowed by the ever-hungry sea. and Pausanias tell us how, nearly three There, by their own gravity, and by the hundred years before Christ, the moun- pressure of the impending waters, they tain Methone arose on the Trocenian are pressed together, firinly and solidly, peninsula. Ovid also describes, in beau- until they form new rocks, which human tiful verses, how a high hill, rigid and eyes do not see, and which, for thousands treeless, was suddenly seen where once a of years, may not be called upon to take fair plain had been spread out. He their place upon the dry land. So that, traces it to vapours shut up in dark ca- if the ocean swallows mountains, they, in verns below, and seeking, in vain, an out- return, have their revenge, and fill up let through some cleft. The soil began, the sea, slowly and unseen, but with unat last, to heave, be says, and to swell erring certainty. Such is the might of under the pressure of the pent-up heat, small things upon earth! until it finally yielded, and rose to a lofty Slow as this process is, its effects are height. Every age has seen huge rock's astounding. For the same abrasion and and large mountains appear thus unex- dilution has been going on for centuries, pectedly on the surface of the globe. In and gigantic rivers have ever since poured the last century, the volcano of Jorullo their contents into the ocean. Overcomrose, in Mexico, 1580 feet above the sur- ing all obstacles, rushing, rolling gaily rounding plain. The sea also has its down from their mountain homes, falling volcanic mountains, which are, of a sud- over huge precipices, running past rocky den, thrown up from the bottom. The ridges, they hurry on without rest and fainous island of Santorin, in 1810 still ceasing. Where do they rush to, so considerably below the surface, was in eagerly? Towards certain death, in the 1830 only a few feet from it. It ap- great ocean. For no sooner have they peared as an enormous peak, steep on all reached the distant shore, than their sides, but, on the top, presenting the course is arrested; here they drop all crater of a sub-marine volcano. The ig- the solid parts with which they were neous nature of the land below is strongly loaded, and thus form themselves a barshown by sulphurie vapours, which rise rier against their further progress. so actively, that ships now anchor there, These deposits form shoals and bars; in order to clean their copper thoroughly they grow, as year after year brings new and quickly. Stromboli, also, was in like additions from the far - off mountains, manner, sent up from the deep, to take until hills rise below the surface: the its place among the islands of the Medi- river has to divide, in order to pass them terranean; and, although Italy is now on both sides, and at last, the increasing comparatively quiet, still its yolcanoes sands appear above the water in the pour forth inexhaustible showers of burn- shape of a delta. Thus, new land is ing mattter, and temporary islands start formed by these almost invisible particles, up now and then from the surrounding and how much is thus dropped may be

seen from the River Rhone, which is a Tremendous in their birth, and gigantic thick, muddy stream, where it enters the in their effect, these sudden outbreaks can- Lake of Geneva, but leaves it a clear, not yet compare, in their permanent im- beautiful river. The same process has portance, with the quiet and almost im- actually choked up the mouths of the perceptible migration of small particles of Rhine and the Danube; and the Nile, sand and gravel. Large granite blocks whose sand-laden_waters have literally and masses of sandstone, high on lofty formed all Lower Egypt, with its countmountain-tops, are exposed to the vary- I less inhabitants and

large populous cities,

sea.

now needs a canal, made by human hands, lose his equilibrium, and be precipitated to to find a way and an outlet to the Medi- the deck, a crushed and shapeless mass. terranean! The Mississippi becomes, at The peril in which the daring boy was its mouth, so slow and sluggish, that it placed soon drew on deck the entire ship’s can no longer bear up its burden; the company-among the rest his father, immense masses of huge vegetable corpses, the commodore. the giant trees from the far-off regions, The arrival of the commodore changed where its sources lie. They sink to the the direction of several eyes, which turned ground, sand and mud fill the interstices on him, to trace what emotions the danger up, and they form, here as at the mouths of his son would occasion. But their of all large rivers, a peninsula of new, scrutiny was foiled. By no outward sign firm land. The Ganges, operating on a did he show what was passing within. still larger scale, pours its gigantic masses His eye still retained its severe expresfar out into the sea: sweet water being sion, his brow the slight frown which it lighter than salt water, they float for usually wore, and his lip its haughty curl. some time above the dark green waves of Immediately on reaching the deck, he the ocean; but, soon they meet the tide had ordered a marine to hand him a and outside breakers; here they drop musket, and with this, stepping aft, and their immense loads of sand, mud, and getting on the lookout-block, he raised it fertile soil, and, in spite of an unusually to his shoulder, and took a deliberate aim high tide, form an island more than two at his son, at the same time hailing him, hundred miles long.

without a trumpet, in his voice of thunder.

Robert!' cried he, 'jump! jump over

board ! or I'll fire at you.' A LEAP FOR LIFE.

The boy seemed to hesitate, and it was A young lad, on board of a man-of-war, plain that he was tottering, for his arms in a playful contest with a domestic ape, were thrown out like those of one scarcely ascended the mast in pursuit of the ani- able to retain his balance. The commal. The adventurous boy, after resting modore raised his voice again, and in a on the royal cross-trees, had been seized quicker and more energetic tone, cried, with a wish to go still higher, and moved 'Jump! 'tis your only chance for life.” by one of those impulses which some- The words were scarcely out of his times instigate men to place themselves mouth, before the body was seen to leave in situations of imminent peril, where no the truck and spring out into the air. A good can result from the exposure, he had sound, between a shriek and groan, burst climbed the skysail-pole, until he was from many lips. The father spoke notactually standing on the main truck!-a sighed not-indeed he did not seem to small circular piece of wood on the very breathe. For a moment of intense insummit of the loftiest mast. The reverse terest a pin might have been heard to of Virgil's line was true in this instance. drop on deck. With a rush like that of It was comparatively easy to ascend- a cannon-ball, the body descended to the but to descend—what perils were com- water, and before the waves closed over prised in that one word. There was no- it, twenty stout fellows, among them sething above him or around him but the veral officers, had dived from the bulempty air—and beneath him, nothing warks. Another short period of anxious but a point, a mere point--a small un- suspense ensued. He rose—he was alive! stable wheel, that seemed no bigger from his arms were seen to move !-he struck the deck than the button on the end of out towards the ship!-and despite the a foil, and the taper skysail-pole itself discipline of a man-of-war, three loud scarcely larger than the blade. Dreadful huzzas, an outburst of unfeigned and untemerity! If he should attempt to stoop, restrainable joy from the hearts of a what could he take hold of to steady his crew of five hundred men, pealed through descent? His feet quite covered up the the air, and made the welkin ring. small and fearful platform which he stood upon, and beneath that, a long, smooth, A man that hath no virtue in himself naked spar, which seemed to bend with ever envieth virtue in others; for men's his weight, was all that upheld him from minds will either feed upon their own destruction. An attempt to get down good, or upon other's evil; and who from that bad eminenco' would be al- wanteth the one, will prey upon the most certain death; he would inevitably other.-- Lord Bacon.

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