ePub 版

are become alarming." And gradually, in that manner, and in that manner only, shall we, in a permanent body like the House of Lords, convert a minority against Free Trade into a majority in favour of our protective principles. (Hear). That is the course which I have felt it to be my duty to pursue during the present session of Parliament. That is the course which-not taking the advice of our opponents-I shall continue to pursue. Constantly we shall bring before them the results of their experiment. I hold in my hand at this moment a paper, which I received only this morning, and which was moved for by my noble friend the Earl of Malmesbury this session, in order to controvert an assertion of the Government, that at present prices the foreigner could not by possibility import, that present prices would not pay for the importation, and that we should therefore see a rapid and great diminution of the imports of foreign corn. That was the language which they held so late as the month of January last. I have heard several persons say that February or March would show an improvement in prices. We waited till February and March were past, and at my suggestion the Earl of Malmesbury moved in April for a return, showing the weekly price of wheat in the British markets, and the quantity of corn imported from abroad during each week in the present year. The result is, that, so far from indicating a falling-off in imports, or a rise in price, this return shows that the prices have fallen from 40s. on the 5th day of January, to 37s. 10d. on the 20th of April; whilst the imports have increased from 36,000 quarters of wheat in the second week of January, to 118,000 quarters of wheat, exclusive of flour, in the week ending the 17th of April. And the total amount of imports, in little more than three months, with an average price of from 37s. to 38s. a quarter, has not been far short of 1,000,000 quarters of corn, converting the flour into quarters at the ordinary rate. By the production of this paper before the House of Lords, we disprove the assertions of those who tell us that we have no reason to be alarmed at the course which the experiment is taking, or that at all events we have not sufficient grounds to call on Parliament to put an end to it. And in this course of practical argument from facts as they occur we mean to persevere. I know that this is a policy which is wearisome in its nature. (Hear, hear). I know that "Hope deferred maketh the heart sick." I know that there must be increasing distress. I know that every month and every week that this fearful experiment is in progress the dangers and the difficulties are increasing. But how, with the present constitution of Parliament-how, with the present constitution of the House of Lords-how, with the present constitution of the House of Commons, with the best desire to serve you, with the most earnest and anxious wish to promote your interests-how can we take any step which shall more rapidly force conviction upon the minds of those whom it is necessary to convince before we can attain our ends? (Hear, hear.) I say again, do not complain of our apathy. Believe that we have no such feeling. Believe that we deeply sympathise with the misfortunes of those with whom we are bound up by so many ties; in whom all our interests-not to say our affections, are centred; and if we appear to be less speedy and energetic in the House of Lords and the House of Commons than you would desire us to appear to be, believe that it is not from indifference-believe that it is from a wellcalculated policy, and a deliberate adoption of the course by which alone we may attain the object which you and we desire. (Hear, hear.) If you ask my advice, I say persevere in the course you have adopted. Agitate the country from one end to the other. Continue to call meetings in every direction. Do not fear, do not flinch from discussion. By all means accept the offer of holding a meeting in that magnificent building at Liverpool; and in our greatest commercial towns show that there is a feeling in regard to the result of our so-called Free Trade widely different from that which was anticipated by the Free-traders, and from that which did prevail only a few years ago. (Hear, hear). Your efforts may not be so soon crowned with success as you hope; but depend upon it, let us stand hand to hand firmly together; let the landlord, the tenant, and the labourer-ay, and t

country shopkeeper-ay, before long, the manufacturer himself, be called on to show and to prove what the effects of this experiment are,—and as sure as we stand together, temperately but firmly determined to assert our rights, so certainly, at the expense, it may be, of intense suffering, and perhaps of ruin to many-of ruin which, God knows, if I could avert I would omit no effort for that purpose-but ultimately, certainly and securely we shall attain our object, and recede from that insane policy which has been pursued during the last few years. (Hear, hear). I have now only to return you my most grateful thanks for the compliment you have paid me in wishing me to receive this deputation. I have heard with the liveliest interest the statements of Mr Layton. If in any part of the country-for now through you I address every district-if there be but one district in which a suspicion is entertained that I am flinching from, or hesitating in my advocacy of, those principles on which I stood in conjunction with my late deeply-lamented friend Lord George Bentinck, I authorise you-one and all of you-to assure those whom you represent, that in me they will find no hesitation, no flinching, and no change of opinion; that, attached as I have ever been to the principle of Protection, that attachment remains unchanged; and I only look for the moment when it may be possible for us to use the memorable words of the Duke of Wellington on the field of Waterloo, and to say, “Up, Guards, and at them!" (Loud cheers.)

Mr PAUL FOSKETT.-My Lord Stanley, I know I speak the universal sentiments of the delegates who have attended our meetings this week, when I say that the address you have just delivered to us has penetrated our heart of hearts, and has made us feel that under your leadership our triumph is secure. (Cheers.) We shall now return to our several homes, and “agitate,” “agitate,” “agitate," until our object is attained. (Hear, hear.)

After a few observations from Mr Newdegate, Mr Box, (of Buckinghamshire,) and Mr Malins, (of Derbyshire,)

Mr LAYTON expressed the gratification he experienced at the result of the interview with Lord Stanley. They might all take comfort that they had such a leader and friend; and on the part of the delegation and the tenantry and labourers of the land, he begged to convey to his lordship his unqualified admiration and thanks for the manner in which he had received the deputation, and for the encouragement and hope he had held out to the various suffering interests of the country. (Hear, hear.)

Lord STANLEY in taking leave of the deputation, hoped that on their return to their several localities their efforts would be crowned with success. They might depend upon it, that whilst they kept up the pressure from without, if they would authorise him, he would not fail to keep up the pressure within.

The deputation then took their leave; and upon re-assembling at the King's Arms, Mr LAYTON briefly reported the reception which had been given to them by Lord Stanley; and amidst the enthusiastic cheering of the audience, the following resolution was unanimously adopted :

"That this meeting cannot separate without recording their grateful acknowledgments to Lord Stanley for the courteous and satisfactory reception he has afforded them this day, and their high gratification at the encouraging approval he has expressed of the steps they are taking; and they beg his lordship will receive the assurance of their perfect confidence in his powerful and talented advocacy of the cause of Protection in the House of Lords.

"That a copy of this resolution be transmitted to Lord Stanley."

It was also resolved,

"That it is the opinion of the delegates now assembled in London, that a meeting in Liverpool, on as early a day as practicable, is highly desirable; and the delegates now present pledge themselves to support such meeting by personal attendance as far as practicable.

"And that as circumstances may occur, either during the present session of Parliament or after a prorogation, which may render it necessary for the delegates to reassemble in London, this meeting of delegates be at its rising adjourned till again summoned by the committee of the National Association, to which summons they will be ready instantly to respond; and that in such case, this meeting considers that one delegate at least for each district should attend the meeting."

After the transaction of some routine business, the meeting separated.


Aberdeen, lord, on the Greek constitu-
tion, 528.

Aberdeen, state of the shipping interest
at, 356.

Aberdeen Journal, on "British Agricul-
ture, &c," Appendix, 34.
Aberdeenshire, statistics of farming in,

Actress, social position of the, 695.
Agricultural depreciation, amount of,
615-depression, continued, 382-its
influence on commerce, 385-interest,
magnitude of the, 241-labourers,
state of the, 366-question, not a
landlords' one, 382.

FACTURES, 347-opening of the ses-
sion, ib.-prospects of financial reform,
ib.-the Royal speech, ib.-speeches on
the address, 348-debate in the com-
mons, 349--probable prices in future,
351-failure of free trade prophecies,
353-state of the shipping interest,
355-G. F. Young on it, 359-state of
manufactures, 361-value of the home
and foreign markets, 363-state of
various manufactures, 365-of the
agricultural labourers, 366-compara-
tive value of agriculture and manu-
factures, 368-imports and exports,
1845 and 1849, 370-alleged increase
of bullion, and its causes, 372-general
conclusions, 373-influence of the
depreciation of land on life assurance,

Agriculture, British, see British Agricul-
ture-state of, in Greece, 532-and
manufactures, comparative values of,

Agriculturists, contrast between, and
the manufacturers, 132.


Aikin's Life of Howard, remarks on, 52.
Alfieri and Shakspeare, contrast between,

Algeria, sketches in, 292.


Annexation movement in Canada, the,

Anton, prophecies of, 566.
Appin, state of the cattle trade in, 240.
Argyleshire, state of the cattle trade in,
237 et seq.

count, government of
Greece by, 527.

Army, state of the, in Greece, 532-
treachery of the, in France, 618.
Artistic biography, scarcity of true,


Asem, Goldsmith's tale of, 299.
Athens, sketches at, 681.

Aubigné, Agrippa d', sketch of the life
of, 174.

Auchness system of farming, on the,
105, 453.

Austria, reaction in, 3-want of moral
firmness in the government of, 4-war
of races and fidelity of the army in, 7
-danger to Europe from its dismem-
berment, 9.

Autobiographies, on, 192.
Aytoun, Professor, at the protection
meeting, 759.

BAILEY'S FESTUS, review of, 415.
Ball, Mr E., at the protection mecting,

Ballot, abuses of the, in Greece, 536.

Barbour & Co., Trade circular of, 600.
Bath, the Turkish, 294.

Bath Chronicle, the, on "British Agri-
culture, &c." Appendix, 37.
Beaucarde the singer, 698.

Beef, importation, &c. of, 128 et seq.
Belletti the singer, 699.

Bentinck, lord George, 617.
Berthier, sketches of, 574.
Berwick Warder, the, on "British Agri-
culture, &c." Appendix, 40.

Beykirch, Th., Prophetic voices by, 561.
Birch-tree, battle of the, prophecies of
the, 563, 565, 567, 568, 569.
Bird the painter, 196.

Birmingham, state of manufactures in,

Allnatt, Mr J. J., at the protection meet- Boddington, Mr G., at the protection

ing, 763.

Allston, Washington, 198.

America, importation of beef, &c. from,

and its prices, 129.

-Americans, the, in Mexico, 42.

meeting, 766.

Booker, T. W., at the protection meeting,

[blocks in formation]

Brandenburg, prophecies regarding, 561.
Bricks, proposed abolition of the duty
on, 513.


BRITAIN'S PROSPERITY, a new song, 389.
COMPETITION. No. I., 94-Peel on the
lowest remunerating price of wheat,
ib.-Ducie and Kinnaird on high
farming, 95 and Caird, 97, 104-
quantities of grain available for im-
portation, 99-prices of grain abroad,
100-expense of freight, &c. 103-
the Auchness system of farming, 105
-returns from various farmers, of
produce, expenses, &c. under protec-
tion and free trade, 107 et seq.-re-
marks on these, 119-policy urged by
Cobden, &c. 120-The Times on Agri-
cultural prospects, 121-answer to the
arguments founded on rise of rents,
122-on Mr W. E. Gladstone's speech
at Fettercairn, 124-inconsistencies
of the Free-traders, 127, 131-effects
of free trade on live stock, 128-and
on the provision trade, 129— one-
sidedness of recent legislation, 130
contrast between the manufacturers
and agriculturists, 132-concluding
remarks, 135. No II. Reply to the
Times on former article, 222-letter
from Mr Watson in answer to it, ib. et
seq.-reply to the Morning Chronicle,
225-comparative rates of rent in
England and Scotland, 226-inability
of high farming to contend against
free trade, 227-increase of cultivation
on the Continent, 228 - probable
future prices, 229-Continental prices,
&c. 230-importations from Moldavia,
231-on professor Low's Appeal, 232
-cost of raising wheat, &c. in the
United States, ib.-Peel's letter to his
tenantry, 233-reply to it, 235-effects
of free trade on live stock, 237-in-
creased burden of taxation, 241-pre-
sent tactics of the Free-traders, 242-
Lord Drumlanrig's letter, 243-state
of the cotton manufactures, 247-The
newspaper press on No. I. Appendix.
Britannia, the, on "British Agriculture,
&c." Appendix, 17.

Broad, W., letter from, on farming sta-
tistics, 111.

Brown, Peter, letter from, on farming
statistics, 112.

Brown's life of Howard, on, 52.
Buckland, Dr, on Agriculture, &c. 95.
Budget, the, 513.

Bullion, alleged increase of, and its
causes, 372.

Burke, eulogy on Howard by, 63-and
Goldsmith, anecdote of, 142.
Burn, Mr, statistics, &c. of the cotton
trade by, 595.

Cadiz, Urquhart's account of, 282.

[blocks in formation]

Agriculture, &c." Appendix, 79.
Chester Courant, the, on "British Agri-
culture, &c." Appendix, 35.

Cheyne, Mr, on the cattle trade in
Argyle, 239.

Chouler, Mr W., at the protection meet-
ing, 752.

Christopher under Canvass, No. VI., 481
-No. VII., 622.

Citizen of the World, publication of the,
149-notices of the, 296, 298, 306.
Cobbett, anticipation of, as to the effects
of free trade, 519.

Cobden, inconsistencies of, 131-on the
effects of free trade, 353.
Coblenz, prophecy regarding, 567.
Cocoa, diminished consumption of, 385.
Coffee, diminished consumption of, 386.
Coleridge, S. T., on the character of
Iago, 482-on Othello, 484-criticism
on, 623, 624.

Coletti, Greek minister, 527, 530.
Cologne cathedral and city, prophecies
regarding, 564, 567.

Colonial government, new system of,
announced by ministers, 377.
Colonial policy, Carlyle on, 655.
Colonies, recent legislation toward the,
and its effects, 249-general discon-
tent in, 380.

Commerce, reaction of Agricultural dis-
tress on, 385-depressed state of, as
shown by the trade circulars, 589 et

Commons, speeches in, on the address,


Conservatives, conduct of the, in regard
to the Reform Bill, 608.
Constitutionalism, failure of, in Greece,

Cork, state of the shipping interest at, 356.
Corn Laws, their repeal foreseen by Mr
Alison, 609-his anticipations as to its
effects, 610.

Cotton trade and manufactures, statistics
relating to the, 247, 361, 385, 590,
595, 597.

Cultivation, state of, in Greece, 532, 533.
Currency bill, effects of the, 520.
Currency system, Alison on the effects
of the changes in, 614.

Daily News, the, on Canada, 253.
Dantzic, prices of wheat at, 231, 232.
DARK WAGGON, THE, by A., 71.
Day, Mr, exposure of Cobden by, 131.
Denmark, price of wheat in, 102.
Derby Mercury, on "British Agriculture,
&c.," Appendix, 30.

Deserted village, notices of the, 298, 304.
Dies Boreales, No. VI., 481- -on the char-
acter of Iago, ib.-on Othello, 483-on
the question as to his being a negro,
485-opposite characteristics shown
in him, 486-majesty of his character,
487-impression left by the tragedy,
488-the time of the tragedy, 489 et seq.
-proof of short time, ib.-of long, 498

attempt to show mixed, 506-No.
VII., 622-errors of poets in delineat-
ing nature, 623 et seq.-Othello con-
tinued, 626-on the Greek tragedy, 636.
Direct taxes, amount of, repealed since
the peace, 517.



Dixon's life of Howard, review of, 50.
Dogs of Constantinople, the, 684.
Doncaster Chronicle, the, on
Agriculture, &c.," Appendix, 40.
Dorset County Chronicle, the, on
ish Agriculture, &c.," Appendix, 84.
Doubleday, Mr, anticipations of, as to
the effects of free trade, 245.
Douglas, captain, the case of, 269.
Drama, causes of the decline of the, 689.
Drogheda, state of the shipping interest
at, 357.

Drumlanrig, lord, letter to his tenantry
by, 243.


Dublin Mail, the, on "British Agricul-
ture, &c.," Appendix, 29.
Dublin Press, the, on British Agricul-
ture, &c.," Appendix, 28.
Duclos, anecdotes of Louis XIV. by, 188,


Dudgeon, Mr, statistics of farming pro-
duce, expenses, &c., by, 108-letter
from, to the editor of the Kelso Chron-
icle, Appendix, 104.

Dumfries Herald, the, on "British Agri-
culture, &c.," Appendix, 51.


Dundee, statistics of the provision trade
Dundee Courier, the, on " British Agri-
from, 129.
culture, &c.," Appendix, 51, 53-letter
to, by Justitia, Appendix, 93.
Eastlake, Mr, and the National Gallery,
Economist, the, on the Cotton manufac-
ture, 247-on the state of the cotton
trade, 362-on "British Agriculture,
&c.," Appendix, 88, 89, 99, 109-an-
swer of Mr Watson to it, 103-and of
Edinburgh Advertiser on "British Agri-
the editor, 118.
culture, &c.," Appendix, 25.

Edinburgh Evening Courant on "British
Agriculture, &c.," Appendix, 66.
Edinburgh Evening Post on "British
Agriculture, &c.," Appendix, 24.
Edinburghshire, statistics of farming, &c.
Eddowes' Worcester Journal on "British
in, 116, 117.
Agriculture, &c.," Appendix, 79.
Eglinton, the Earl of, at the protection
meeting, 768.

Emancipation, Carlyle on, 655.
Election, system of, in Greece, 535.
Emigration, increase of, from the High-
lands and Islands, 239, 240-statistics
Emilia, on the character of, 504.
&c. of, from Liverpool, 592.
England, rates of rent &c. in, compared

with Scotland, 226-statistics of cotton
spinning, &c. in, 595 et seq.

Essex, the earl of, speech of, on the ad-
Europe, general reaction against revolu
dress, 348.

tion in, 2 et seq.-increase of grain
cultivation in, 228.

Exeter Gazette, the, on "British Agri-
culture, &c.," Appendix, 85.

Exports, 1845 and 1849, comparison of,
370-the alleged increase in, examina-
tion of it, 383.

FAREWELL TO Naples, a, 279.

Farming, statistics of, under protection
and free trade, 107 et seq.


Faust, observations on the, 415.
Felix Farley's Bristol Journal,
"British Agriculture, &c.," Appendix,


FEZENSAC, M. DE, his journal of the Rus-
FESTUS, 415.
Fiars, the Scotch, 382.
sian campaign reviewed, 573.
Finances, the French, effects of the Re-
Fig packing at Smyrna, 683.
volution on, 12.

Ford's Spain, remarks on, 281.
Financial reform, prospects of, 347.
Forster's life of Goldsmith, remarks on,
Fothergill, C., sketches of the Canadas
139, 140.
by, 259.

3 E

« 上一頁繼續 »