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CONSTITUTION OF STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA.
Section 17. Slavery and involuntary servi
tude illegal, except as punish
ment for crime, 18. Unreasonable searches and seiz
ures not tolerated. 19. Treason against the State de
fined. 20. Special privileges shall not be
granted to a certain class of citizens which is not granted
to all. 21. Provisions of this Constitution
are mandatory and probibi
tory: 22. Right and justice to be admin
istered without sale or delay. 23. Malicious interfering with those
in employment and those seek
ing it. 24. To guard against transgressions
of the high powers which we have delegated, we declare that everything in this article is excepted out of the general powers of government, and shall forever remain inviolate.
Legislative Department. 25. Legislative power is vested in Section 82. House of Representatives shall
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are by nature free and
have certain inalienable rights. 2. All political power is inherent in
the people. 3. The State is inseparable from
the Union. 4. Freedom of religious belief and
for capital offenses.-Ball shall
criminally by indictment, or
assemble together in a peace-
shall have a uniform opera
tion. 12. The military shall be subordi
nate to the civil power.
trial.-No person shall be put
taken for public use without
just compensation. 15. In regard to imprisonment for
tions of contracts shall be
the Senate and House
Representatives. 26. Senate to contain not less than
thirty, nor more than fifty
members. 27. Term of office of Senators. 28. Senator must be a qualified
elector. 29. The division of the State into
senatorial districts. 30. Senators divided into two
classes. - Term of office of
each. 31. President of Senate pro tempore.
contain not less than fifty, nor more than one hundred and
forty members. 83. Representatives elected for two
years. 34. Qualifications for Representa
tive. 35. Beginning with 1895, and every
tenth year after, an enumeration is to be made of the in
habitants of the State. 36. The House of Representatives
shall elect one of its members
as speaker. 37. Those who may not hold two
offices.-Exceptions. 38. Those not eligible to be members
of the General Assembly. 39. No member of the Legislative
Assembly shall be elected, nor appointed, to any office which was created during his term
of office, 40. Solicitation of bribery, penalty
of. 41. When the term of office of the
Assembly shall begin. 42. To be privileged from arrest
during the session, except for treason, felony and breach of
the peace. 43. Members may not vote on any
bill in which they have a personal interest without the
consent of the house. 44. Governor to fill vacancies. 45. Compensation of members. 46. A majority of the members of
each house shall be a quorum. 47. Each house shall be the judge
of the qualifications of its
own members. 48. The powers of each house. 49. Each house shall keep a journal. 60. The sessions are to be open, ex
cept in special cases. 61. As to adjournment. 52. Senate and House shall be called
the Legislative Assembly. 63. Time of meeting. 64. When shall vote viva voce.
Section 55. Sessions to be biennial. 56. Duration of sessions. 57. Origin of bills may be in either
house, and may be amended
by either. 58. No law shall be passed except
by a bill adopted by both
houses. 59. Enacting clause of every law
shall be: Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of
the State of North Dakota. 60. When a bill for the appropria
tion of money may be intro
duced. 61. No bill to contain more than one
subject. 62. The general appropriation bill
to contain what. 63. Every bill shall be read three
times. 64. In regard to the revision of a
bill, 65. For a bill to become a law. 66. In regard to the signing of bills. 67. When legislative acts are to
take effect. 68. The Legislative Assembly shall
pass all laws necessary to carry into effect all the pro
visions of this Constitution. 69. Local or special laws not to be
passed in any of the thirty
five cases enumerated. 70. In regard to general and special
Executive Department. 71. Executive power vested in Gov.
ernor. 72. Lieutenant-Governor to act as
Governor, whlen. 73. Eligibility for office of Governor
and Lieutenant-Governor. 74. Election of the same. 75. Governor commander-in-chief of
military and naval forces.Has power to convene Legis.
lature.-His duties. 76. His powers. 77. Lieutenant-Governor to be presla
dent of Senate.
syllabus of the points adju
dicated in each case. 103. Jurisdiction of District Court
and Judges. 104. State divided into six Judicial
districts. 105. Enumeration of districts. 106. How judicial districts may be
increased. 107. To be eligible for office of Dis
trict Judge. 108. Clerk of the District Court. 109. Appeals from District to Su.
preme Court allowed under
certain regulations. 110. County Court to be established. 111. Jurisdiction of County Court,
and how it may be increased. 112. Justices of the Peace, number
of, jurisdiction of. 113. Election of police magistrates. 114. Appeals. 115. The time of holding courts to
be prescribed by law. 116. Judges of District Courts may
hold court in other districts
than their own. 117. No Judge of the Supreme or
District Courts shall act as
attorney or counsel-at-law. 118. Terms of courts, how fixed. 119. Judges of Supreme or District
Courts may not be elected nor appointed to any other than
a judicial office. 120. Tribunals of conciliation.
121. Requirements for being
Governor for his signature
before becoming a law. 80. He may disapprove of any items
in a bill. 81. The giving and receiving of
bribes by the Governor, the
penalty. 82. The choosing of other State offi
cers, qualifications of the same
and place of holding office. 83. Powers and duties of same to
be prescribed by law. 84. Salaries of the same.
Judicial Department. 85. Enumeration of State courts. 86. Supreme Court shall have ap
pellate jurisdiction only, ex
cept as provided.
to be classified by lot.-The
to be Chief Justice.
preme Court to be appointed
by the Judges of the same. 94. Requirements to be eligible for
Judge of Supreme Court. 95. When the number of Judges
may be increased. 96. Judges shall have no duties
imposed upon them but such
as are judicial. 97. The style of process, how to be. 98. Governor to fill vacancies. 99. Compensation of Judges of
being interested in a cause, a
take his place.
elector. 122. Legislature may further ex
tend suffrage. 123. Electors to be privileged from
arrest on day of election. 124. General elections to be biennial. 125. Service under United States
does not cause loss of residence.
Section 126. No soldier, seaman or marine
of the United States shall be deemed а. resident of this State in consequence of being
stationed therein. 127. Those who are not qualified to
vote. 128. All women who are eligible
may vote on all school mat
ters. 129. All elections by the people
shall be by secret ballot.
Section 142. Rates of public carriers to be
fixed by law. 143. Railroads have the right to
connect with and cross one
another. 144. Definition of term "corpora
tion," as used in this article. 145. In regard to banks and issuing
bills, etc. 146. Combinations formed for con
trolling prices illegal.
Municipal Corporations. 130. The Legislative Assembly shall
provide by general law for the organization of municipal corporations.
Education. 147. Unsectarian, free public schools. 148. A uniform system to be estab
lished. 149. The kind of instruction to be
given. 150. Superintendent of schools to be
elected in each county. 151. The Legislative Assembly to
promote education, 152. No State money to be used for
the support of any sectarian school.
ARTICLE VII. Corporations Other Than Municipal. 131. Charters of incorporation not
to be granted, changed or amended, except in certain
cases. 132. In regard to charters and
grants existing before the
adoption of this constitution. 133. The Legislative Assembly shall
not remit the forfeiture of a
charter. 134. Rights of eminent domain shall
never be abridged. 135. Rights of shareholders in vot
ing for directors. 136. In regard to foreign corpora
tions. 137. No corporation shall engage in
any business other than that
authorized in its charter. 138. For what stock or bonds may
be issued by a corporation, 139. In regard to street railroads,
telegraph and telephone lines. 140. Regulating railroad corpora
tions. 141. Parallel or competing railroads
may not consolidate.
School and Public Lands. 153. The principal of the school fund may
never be dimin. ished. 154. The interest of this fund to be
used for the support of the
public schools of the State. 155. When lands granted by the
United States to the State for support of common schools
may be sold. 156. Who constitute “ The Board
of University and School
Lands." 157. The board of appraisal. 158. In regard to the sale of public
lands. 159. The principal of all funds do
nated to the State for educational or charitable purposes may never be dimin.
ished. 160. Appraisal and sale of land do
ARTICLE X. County and Touonship Organization. 166. Counties which are added to
the State. 167. Organization of new counties.
Each county must contain twenty - four congressional
townships. 168. All changes of county boun
daries must have approval of a majority of the electors in
the county to be changed. 169. County seat,, removal of the
same. 170. Organizing townships. 171. County government. 172. County commissioners, not
more than five nor less than
three in number. 173. County officers, election of.
ARTICLE XII. Public Debt and Public Works. Section 182. The State may contract debts
not to exceed $200,000. 183. The limit of debt not to exceed five percentum on
the age sessed valuation of the property in each county, town
ship, town, or school district. 184. How the debt shall be paid. 185. The State, or any subdivision
of the same, may not loan
its credit. 186. No State money to be paid out
except by appropriation by
law. 187. The validity of a bond.
Militia. 188. To consist of all able-bodied
male persons between the ages of eighteen and forty
five years.-Exceptions. 189. To be organized as provided for
by law. 190. Volunteers to be organized. 191. Appointment of militia oficers. 192. Commissioned officers to be
commissioned by the Gover
nor. 193. Militia forces to be privileged
from arrest except in certain cases.
Revenue and Taxation. 174. Revenue for meeting the ex
penses of the State to be
raised each year. 175. Taxation. 176. What property is exempt from
taxation. 171. Improvements on land to be
assessed in accordance with section 179, but plowing shall not be considered an improve
ment. 178. The power of taxation shall
never be suspended. 179. How property shall be assessed. 180. Who must pay a poll tax. 181. Laws to be passed to carry out
the provisions of this article.
ARTICLE XIV. Impeachment and Removal from Office. 194. Sole power of impeachment
shall be in the House of Rep
resentatives. 195. An impeachment shall be tried
by the Senate. 196. Those liable to impeachment,
and for what offenses. 197. All officers not liable to im
peachment shall be subject
to removal for misconduct. 198. No officer shall exercise duties
of office after impeachment,
and before his acquittal. 199. On trial of impeachment
against the Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor shall not act as a member of the court.