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tion, shall thereafter have the supervision of the board of charities and reform as provided in the last preceding section of this article, under provisions of the Legislature.

Public Health and Morals. Sec. 20. As the health and morality of the people are essential to their well being, and to the peace and permanence of the State, it shall be the duty of the Legislature to protect and promote these vital interests by such measures for the encourage. ment of temperance and virtue, and such restrictions upon vice and immorality of every sort, as are deemed necessary to the public welfare.

Public Buildings. Sec. 21. All public buildings and other property lelonging to the territory sball, upon the adoption of this Constitution, become the property of the State of Wyoming.

Sec. 22. The construction, care and preservation of all public buildings of the State not under the control of the board of officers of public institutions by authority of law shall be intrusted to such officers or boards, and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 23. The Legislature shall have no power to change or to locate the seat of government, the State University, insane Asylum or State Penitentiary, but may after the expiration of ten (10) years after the adoption of this Constitution, provide by law for submitting the question of the permanent location thereof, respectively, to the qualified electors of the State, at some general election, and a majority of all votes upon said question cast at said election, shall be necessary to determine the location thereof; but for said period of ten (10) years, and until the same are respectively and permanently located, as herein provided, the location of the seat of government and said institutions shall be as follows:

The seat of government shall be located at the city of Cheyenne, in the county of Laramie. The State University shall be located at the city of Laramie, in the county of Albany. The insane asyluin shall be located at the town of Evanston, in the county of Vinta. The penitentiary shall be located at the city of Rawlins, in the county of Carbon; but the Legislature may provide by law that said penitentiary may be converted to other public uses. The Legislature shall not locate any other public institutions except under general laws, and by vote of the people.

ARTICLE VIII.

Irrigation and Water Rights. Section 1. The water of all natural streams, springs, lakes or other collections of still water, within the boundaries of the State, are hereby declared to be the property of the State.

Sec. 2. There shall be constituted a Board of Control, to be composed of the State Engineer and superintendents of water divisions; which shall, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law, have the supervision of the waters of the State and of their appropriation, distribution and diversion, and of the various officers connected therewith. Its decisions to be subject to review by the courts of the State.

Sec. 3. Priority of appropriation for beneficial uses shall give the better right. No appropriation shall be denied except when such denial is demanded by the public interests.

Sec. 4. The Legislature shall by law divide the State into four (4) water divisions, and provide for the appointment of superintendents thereof.

Sec. 5. There shall be a State Engineer who shall be appointed by the Governor of the State and confirmed by the Senate; he shall hold his office for the term of six (6) years, or until his successor shall have been appointed and shall have qualified. He shall be president of the Board of Control and shall have general supervision of the waters of the State and of the officers connected with their distribution. No person shall be appointed to this position who has not such theoretical knowledge and such practical experience and skill as shall fit him for the position.

ARTICLE IX.

Mines and Mining. Section 1. There shall be established and maintained the office of inspector of mines, the duties and salary of which shall be prescribed by law. When said office shall be established, the Governor shall, with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint thereto a person proven in the manner provided by law to be competent and practical, whose term of office shall be two years.

Sec. 2. The Legislature shall provide by law for the proper development, ventilation, drainage and operation of all mines in this State.

Sec. 3. No boy under the age of fourteen years, and no woman or girl of any age shall be employed or be permitted to be in or about any coal, iron or other dangerous mines for the purpose of employment therein; provided, however, this provision shall not affect the employment of a boy or female of suitable age in an office or in the performance of clerical work at such mine or colliery.

Sec. 4. For any injury to person or property caused by willful failure to comply with the provisions of this article, or laws passed in pursuance hereof, a right of action shall accrue to the party injured, for the damage sustained thereby, and in all cases in this State, whenever the death of a person shall be caused by wrongful act, neglect or default, such as would, if death had not ensued, have entitled the party injured to maintain an action to recover damages in respect thereof, the person who or the corporation which would have been liable, if death had not ensued, shall be liable for an action for damages notwithstanding the death of the person injured, and the Legislature shall provide by law at its first session for the manner in which the right of action in respect thereto shall be enforced.

Sec. 5. The Legislature may provide that the science of mining and metallurgy be taught in one of the institutions of learning under the patronage of the State.

Sec. 6. There shall be a State Geologist, who shall be appointed by the Governor of the State, with the advice and consent of the Senate. He shall hold his office for the tern of six (6) years or until his successor shall have been appointed and shall have qualified. His duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law. No person shall be appointed to this position unless he has such theoretical knowledge and such practical experience and skill as shall fit him for the position; said State Geologist shall ex officio perform the duties of inspector of mines until otherwise provided by law.

ARTICLE X.

Corporations. Section 1. The Legislature shall provide for the organization of corporations by general law. All laws relating to corporations may be altered, amended or repealed by the Legislature at any time when necessary for the public good and general welfare, and all corporations doing business in this State may

as to such business be regulated, limited or restrained by law not in conflict with the Constitution of the United States.

Sec. 2. All powers and franchises of corporations are derived from the people and are granted by their agent, the govern. ment, for the public good and general welfare, and the right and duty of the State to control and regulate them for these purposes is hereby declared. The power, rights and privileges of any and all corporations may be forfeited by willful neglect or abuse thereof. The police power of the State is supreme over all corporations as well as individuals.

Sec. 3. All existing charters, franchises, special or exclusive privileges under which an actual and bona fide organization shall not have taken place for the purpose for which formed and which shall not have been maintained in good faith to the time of the adoption of this Constitution shall thereafter have no validity.

Sec. 4. No law shall be enacted limiting the amount of damages to be recovered for causing the injury or death of any person. Any contract or agreement with any employe waiving any right to recover damages for causing the death or injury of any employe shall be void.

Sec. 5. No corporation organized under the laws of Wyoming Territory or any other jurisdiction than this State, shall be permitted to transact business in this State until it shall have accepted the constitution of this State and filed such acceptance in accordance with the laws thereof.

Sec. 6. No corporation shall have power to engage in more than one general line or department of business, which line of business shall be distinctly specified in its charter of incorporation.

Sec. 7. All corporations engaged in the transportation of persons, property, mineral oils, and mineral products, news or intelligence, including railroads, telegraphs, express companies, pipe lines and telephones, are declared to be common carriers.

Sec. 8. There shall be no consolidation or combination of corporations of any kinds whatever to prevent competition, to control or influence productions or prices thereof, or in any manner to interfere with the public good and general welfare.

Sec. 9. The right of eminent domain shall never be so abridged or construed as to prevent the Legislature from taking property and franchises of incorporated companies and subjecting them to public use the same as the property of indi. viduals.

Sec. 10. The Legislature shall provide by suitable legislation for the organization of mutual and co-operative associations or corporations.

Railroads. Section 1. Any railroad corporation or association organized for the purpose, shall have the right to construct and operate a railroad between any points within this State and to connect at the State line with railroads of other States. Every railroad shall have the right with its road to intersect, connect with or cross any other railroad, and all railroads shall receive and transport each other's passengers, and tonnage and cars, loaded or empty, without delay or discrimination.

Sec. 2. Railroad and telegraph lines heretofore constructed or that may hereafter be constructed in this State are hereby declared public highways and common carriers, and as such must be made by law to extend the same equality and impartiality to all who use them, excepting employes and their families and ministers of the gospel, whether individuals or corporations.

Sec. 3. Every railroad corporation or association operating a line of railroad within this State shall annually make a report to the Auditor of the State of its business within the State, in such form as the Legislature may prescribe.

Sec. 4. Exercise of the power and right of eminent doain shall never be so construed or abridged as to prevent the taking by the Legislature of property and franchises of incoi porated companies and subjecting them to public use the same as property of individuals.

Sec. 5. Neither the State, nor any county, township, school district or municipality shall loan or give its credit or make donation to or in aid of any railroad or telegraph line; provided, that this section shall not apply to obligations of any county, city, township or school district, contracted prior to the adoption of this Constitution.

Sec. 6. No railroad or other transportation company or telegraph company in existence upon the adoption of this Constitution shall derive the benefit of any future legislation without first filing in the office of the Secretary of State an acceptance of the provisions of this Constitution.

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