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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF RHODE ISLAND.

:

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND.

ARTICLE I.

Section

istered voters.-Qualified by dollar tax.---Military duty.--Who to vote for city council in Providence, to impose a tax,

etc. 3. Of assessment and payment of

registry tax. 4. Who shall not gain residence,

or be permited to vote, 5. Residents on land ceded, etc.,

not electors. 6. Power of General Assembly over

elections.

ARTICLE III.

Poroers Distributed. Three departments.

Declaratien of Rights. Section 1. Right of the people to make and

alter their constitution. 2. Object of government-How

laws should be made and burdens distributed. 3. Religious freedom secured. 4. Slavery prohibited. 5. Laws should provide remedies.

Justice should be free, com

plete, prompt. 6. Rights of search and seizure

regulated. i. Provisions concerning criminal

proceedings. 8. Bail, fines and punishments. 9. Bail and habeas corpus. 10. Rights of the accused in criminal

proceedings. 11. Debtors entitled to relief. 12. No ex post facto law, etc., to be

passed. 13. No man to criminate himself. 14. Presumption of innocence.-Ac

cused to be secured without se

verity. 15. Trial by jury. 16. Private property secured. 17. Rights of fishery.

subordinate.-Martial law. 19. Oi quartering soldiers. 20. Liberty of press secured.-Truth

as a defense to libels. 21. Right of people to assemble, and

to petition. 22. Right to bear arms. 23. Rule of construction.

18. Military

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative Pover. 1. Constitution supreme law. 2. Two houses.-General Assembly.

-Style of laws. 3. Sessions of General Assembly. 4. Members not to take fees, etc. 6. Members exempt from arrest, oto. 6. Powers of each house.-Organi.

zation. 7. Powers to make rules, etc. 8. Of the journal, and yeas and

nays. 9. Of adjournments, 10. Of powers not prohibited. 11. Pay of members. 12. Lotteries prohibited. 13. Debts not to be incurred. 14. Private or local appropriations. 15. Of valuations of property and as

sessments. 16. Officers may be continued until

successors qualified. 17. Bills to create corporations to

be continued, except, etc. 18. Of election of Senators in Con

gress.

ARTICLE II.

Electors. 1. Of electors owning real estate. 2. Of electors qualified to vote on

adoption of Constitution.-Reg

ARTICLE V.

House of Representatives. Section 1. House, how constituted.-Ratio

of representation. 3. May elect its officers, etc.

Section 7. If Governor or Lieutenant-Gov.

ernor not elected by people, grand committee to elect

How. 8. In case general officers not elect

ed by people, how vacancies

shall be filled. 9. Vacancies in Assembly, how

filled. 10. Majority required to elect,

ARTICLE VI.

Senate.

1. How constituted. 7. Governor to preside.-When to

vote in grand committee. 3. May elect presiding officer in

case of vacancy, etc. 4. Secretary and other officers.

ARTICLE IX.

Qualifications of office. 1. Qualified electors only eligible. 2. Conviction of bribery a disqual.

ification, 3. Oath of general officers. 4. Officers, how engaged. 5. How oath to be administered to

Governor, etc. 6. Holding office under United

States, or other government, a disqualification for certain offices, except, etc.

ARTICLE VII.

Executive. 1. Or the Governor and Lieutenant

Governor.-How elected. 2. Duty of Governor. 3. He shall command military and

naval forces, except, etc. 4. He may grant reprieves, etc. 6. He may fill vacancies. 6. He may adjourn Assembly, in

case, etc. 7. He may convene Assembly,

when, etc. 8. Commissions, how signed, etc. 9. Lieutenant-Governor, when to

act as Governor. 10. Vacancies, how filled. 11. Compensation of Governor, etc. 12. Duties of general officers.

ARTICLE X.

Judiciary. 1. One Supreme Court.-Inferior

courts, how established. 2. Jurisdiction of courts.-Chan

cery powers. 3. Judges of Supreme Court to in

struct jury.-To give opinion,

etc. 4. Of election and tenure of office

of judges of Supreme Court. 5. Vacancies, how filled. 6. Compensation of judges. 7. Justices of the peace and war

dens, how elected.-Their Juris diction.

ARTICLE VIII.

Election, 1. Governor and general officers,

when elected. 2. General officers and Members of

Assembly.-How voted for. 8. Same subject.-How votes to be sealed up, transmitted

and counted. 4. List of voters to be kept. (Ob

solete). 6. Ballots for Members of Assem

bly, how counted.-Adjourn

ment of elections, when. 6. Of voting in the city of Provi

dence.

ARTICLE XI.

Impeachments. 1. Impeachments, how ordered. 2. Impeachments, how tried. 3. What officers liable to impeach.

ment.-Effect of conviction.

ARTICLE XII.

Education. 1. Duty of General Assembly to

promote schools, etc.

Section
2. The permanent school fund.
3. Donations for support of schools.
4. Power of General Assembly

under this article.

ARTICLE III.
Sessions of the General Assem.
bly.

ARTICLE IV.
Electors absent from the Stato

in the military service of the
United States allowed to vote.

ARTICLE XIII.

Amendments. 1. Amendments, how proposed,

how voted upon, how adopted.

ARTICLE V. Manufacture and sale of intox.

icating liquors as a beverage prohibited.

ARTICLE VI.
Suffrage granted to foreign-born

soldiers and sailors.

ARTICLE VII.
Suffrage granted to foreign-born

citizens.

ARTICLE XIV. Adoption of Constitution. 1. Constitution, when to go into

effect-Its effect on existing

laws, charters, etc. 2. Former debts, etc., adopted. 3. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 4. Exemptions of New Shoreham

and Jamestown from military

duty, continued. AMENDMENTS TO THE CON

STITUTION.

ARTICLE I.
List of voters for general ot-
ficers no longer to be kept, etc.

ARTICLE II.
The pardoning power, how ex-

ercised.

ARTICLE VIII.
Article V, Prohibitory Amend-

ment, repealed.

ARTICLE IX.

General Assembly to provide for

the creation of corporations. In all popular elections the ono

having the largest number of votes shall be elected.

PREAMBLE.

We, the people of the State of Rhode Island and Providence

Plantations, grateful to Almighty God for the civil and relig. ious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and to transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain and establish this Constitution of government.

ARTICLE I. Declaration of Certain Constitutional Rights and Privileges.

In order effectually to secure the religious and political freedom established by our venerated ancestors, and to preserve the same for our posterity, we do declare that the essential and unquestionable rights and principles hereinafter mentioned shall

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