break forth on the right hand and on the Christ: "For the Lord shall comfort left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gen- Zion : he will comfort all her waste tiles, and make the desolate cities to be places; and he will make her wilderness inhabited.'

like Eden, and her desert like the garden 5. The friends of Presbyterian govern- of the Lord; joy and gladness shall be ment should turn to better account the found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice facilities which it affords for promoting the of melody Happily our differences do union of Churches. Even where Churches not preclude us from unitedly imploring, form separate denominations, they might even now, a fulfilment of these great and have united action, of varied character precious promises. 'Pray for the peace and high importance, through their repre- of Jerusalem; they shall prosper that sentative assemblies. But Churches deno- love theo. Peace be within thy walls, and minationally separated should seek more prosperity within thy palaces. For my than co-operation; they should aim at brethren and companions' sakes, I will incorporation. Happily partition walls now say, Peace be within thee. Because have been falling in Scotland. The of the house of the Lord our God I will United Presbyterian Church is composed seek thy good.'* of three denominations; and though they have been but a short time amalgamated, they seem to have already forgotten their differences, and to be exhibiting, through

CONFESSING CHRIST. all the range of their fellowship, the good and pleasant spectacle of brethren dwel- The true believer glorifies Christ in ling together in unity. The Free Church, every thing. He carries, as it were, the by its attractive force, has been also draw- image and stamp of his Master's character, ing smaller bodies into its communion. in such a manner as that it may be seen Would that the same career were pur- and read of all men.

The whole tenor of sued in England! A union of the English his life exhibits in it the heavenly beauty Evangelical Presbyterians would bring to of holiness, like the brilliant radiance of them new life, new strength, a new foot- the sun which tinges with a more resplening in public estimation, and would rear dent colouring every object over which he a barrier, infinitely more effective than passes. But as light, to continue the public meetings or indignant protestations, metaphor, though apparently simple and against the formidable encroachments of uncompounded, is yet a mixture of several the power of Rome. I am happy to in- different elements, so that external detroduce hear a resolution passed by the velopment of religious character, which Presbytery of which I am a member :- is called confessing Christ before men, '1851, March 9.-In regard to the overture is formed by the combination of a variety for the formation of a Synod in England, of active principles. One of these is very to consist of the ministers and represen- obviously alluded to in the words—' Whotative elders south of the Tweed,” sent soever will confess me before men, him down by Synod for the consideration of will I confess also before my Father who presbyteries, it was agreed to report that is in heaven. We mean the promulgation the Presbytery do not deem it advisable of the gospel to all who are ignorant or that a separate Synod should in the mean- heedless of its glad sound and saving time be formed; but believing that im- power. It was a missionary charge our portant ends may be served by our pres. Lord was delivering. The injunction byteries in England meeting together and is addressed, however, not to his apostles consulting on measures that affect the in

merely, but to all his

followers in every terests of Presbyterianism south of the age of the world. Every Christian is Tweed, are of opinion that all facilities for bound to confess his Master, by making this purpose should be afforded by the

his way known on the earth. And God Synod, and that the Synod should favour- has been pleased to demonstrate the ably regard any movement towards closer reality of this obligation in an almost union between the various bodies of evan- miraculous way, by invariably granting gelical Presbyterians in England. When his special blessing on those ages and the evangelical Presbyterians of England portions of the church in which the duty shall have become united, the next ques- here inculcated has been most fully retion may be, how far the principles of cognised and accomplished. It is indeed Owen furnish a basis for the union of lamentable to think of the practical errors Presbyterians and Independents. that prevail on this subject. How many

I will not extend further these suggestions. Whatever causes may, in the pro

* The above extract is taken from a volume just vidence of God, conduce to the result, we

published, by the Rev. Dr King, entitled 'An Exhave the most decisive warrant for ex

position and Defence of the United Presbyterian

Form of Church Government,' of which a review pecting prosperity to the one Church of will appear in an early Number.

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are there who, we have reason to believe, selves, what an augmented force would the are sincere Christians, and who yet scarcely truth exercise on the minds of others ! ever trouble themselves about the spiri- The Christian must also confess his tual condition, we do not say of far distant Master by leading a life of holy obedience, heathens, but of those dwelling around and by doing good whenever it is in his them? How many are there who, when power. The disciples of the Pharisees they have heard the word of life and salva- and Sadducees studied to practise, in all tion, keep it in secret possession, while things, the respective principles of their their immortal fellow-creatures on every sects, and so well did they imitate them, side are perishing for lack of knowledge that the most careless eye was able to How many are there who, while they distinguish to which any one belonged. know the ignorance, the spiritual destitu- These sectarians acknowledged their printion and misery which prevail, can look on ciples before men; and a proud and con. in calm indifference, and rest satisfied as temptuous spirit was most commonly the if all were well ! How many professing source of all their singularities. Far Christians are there, who, while they can other motive and far other reward the find abundant opportunities for trifling Christian has for confessing his Master and frivolous occupations, have no time before men. His reward is the everlastor no inclination to obey the imperative ing happiness of heaven; his motive, love mandate for confessing the Redeemer and gratitude for the riches of salvation; before men, and making known his death and his confession is not the angry spirit for the remission of sins! If we stamp of partizanship, nor the assumption of any with infamy the character of the Levite conventional peculiarities. It is the rein the parable, who passed unfeelingly by cognition of substantial benefits which the plundered and wounded traveller; if have been received, and an attestation to we reprobate the culpable negligence those who are ignorant of them, of their which would allow the helpless blind man transcendent and incalculable value. It is to stumble into a pitfall of destruction; if a demonstration to the unbeliever, of the we are told that divine vengeance follows delight which is experienced in keeping him who forbears to deliver the man that the law of the Lord, and of the beneficial is drawn unto death, and him that is ready influence which that law exercises on the to be slain; then what an accumulated conduct and practice of its subjects. He enormity of guilt must attach to that con- who thus confesses Christ before men, by duct, which would neglect to warn off the walking in all his commandments and ignorant and the unweary from the im- ordinances blameless, and by neglecting pending horrors of eternal death? The no opportunity of doing good to his fellowcommand of our Saviour, on the one hand, creatures, not only secures an interest in and the momentous nature of the case on the all-powerful intercession of his Rethe other, demand an impulse and an deemer in heaven, but adorning as he does, exertion which is most feebly and im- in all things, the doctrine of the gospel, perfectly bestowed. To look no farther the persuasive eloquence of his good than home, is it not true that the gather- example touches even the wicked with ing density of our population, the inroads admiration of the beauty of Goliness. of vice, the disproportionate smallness of This silent and imperceptible intuence the existing means of education and re- which a public profession of Christianity, ligious culture, afford, in reference to our joined to a faithful discharge of its duties. own country alone, an extent of moral is fitted to exert, is almost impossible to desolation in which the most active and be calculated. We read of a recreant laborious ministers, unless assisted by the princess who said she dreaded the preachefforts of a Christian people generally, ing of the Apostle of our Reformation never will be able to operate with full more than an army of 10,000 men; and success? Why should the former be left she said justly. But how much more singly to build up the waste places of power would be called into action by a Zion? Are not all the faithful, without whole nation together confessing Christ

, any exception, described by the apostle as by the whole visible Church keeping his a royal priesthood? And in the Book of precepts, spreading his name, and thus Revelation, are not all who are washed fulfilling the whole law of love !

God's from their sins in Christ's blood, said also name is excellent in all the earth, his to be made kings and priests unto God his glory dazzles in the heavens. The system Father? In reference to the confessing of the universe proclaims his eternal of Christ before men, difference of station power and divinity. The order of nature in the Church constitutes no difference of manifests his wisdom and goodness. So duty. And were all professing Christians in the spiritual world, when the Holy to acknowledge the Saviour in the true Ghost has dispelled the chaotic darkness sense of the words, what an increase would of its former state, and Christ the Sun of there be of spiritual vitality among them- Righteousness has arisen on it, with heal

He en

ing in his wings, every creature that has important test of real discipleship, and experienced the freshening vigour of this cannot be neglected without the most imrenovation, becomes a monument of praise minent and fearful peril. How grateful to the glory of Him who called it out at the same time ought we to be that it is of darkness into his marvellous light. In a test so completely within our own atthis manner the Christian is just to his tainment! If we confess him he will conSaviour what nature's works are to their fess us, and if we be ashamed of him he Almighty Architect, a mirror wherein is will be ashamed of us. On the one hand, reflected something of the goodness and what amazing condescension; on the other, perfection which gave them birth. And what slight and easy requirement. 'Christ just as 'the heaven's declare God's glory, gave himself for our sins! He bore our and the firmament showeth his handi- griefs, and carried our sorrows. work,' does the believer confess Christ dured our punishment, he wrought our before men, and magnify the riches of re- rescue, he purchased our deliverance. If deeming love. Let ascetics and monks we receive him in this character and capatalk as they choose about secluding them- city—and it is thus he is offered to usselves from a corrupt world, and devoting then we confess him to be our help and their whole thoughts to the absorbing con- Saviour, we attribute the honour that is templation of a future state. Let them due unto his name, and acknowledge the discipline their bodies and souls into all riches of his exceeding glory in the work the austerities and mortifications of fana- of redemption; whereas, on the contrary, if tical enthusiasm. This is not acknowledg. we deny or be ashamed of him before men, ing Christ. This is not confessing him we distinctly avow he is not our hope and before men.

This is not bearing that confidence, we reject his righteousness, public testimony to his cause, which is we spurn his merits, and he will in that enjoined in his Word. The monastic de- case deny us before the angels of God. votee is no confessor. He may sigh on Since, in conclusion, the mystery of reaccount of human depravity, and seek to demption is so glorious in its realization, be delivered from its power. But his that to feel its effects and celebrate the efforts and example tend nothing to re- praise of its author, are inseparable, then press it. How different the conduct of how unspeakably great must be the him who, undaunted by difficulty and blessedness of him whose iniquity is fordanger, seeks to proclaim the gospel mes given, and whose sin is covered, of that sage to erring men-of him, who, with the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not divine commission in his hand, and the transgression, and in whose spirit there is love of souls in his heart, goes forth to war no guile! against spiritual wickedness in high places --of him, the stedfast sufferer for the truth, who, though exposed to torture and to death, flinches not from the bold decla

THE CABINET. ration of the gospel, but, as the malice of persecution whets its keenness against him, and the flames of martyrdom kindle around him, and time and all its vanities I ABSOLUTELY surrender and resign vanishes away from him, pours out his myself to thee. Thy love constrains me latest breath'in confessing Christ, and henceforth no more to live to myself, but thus diffuses, among a thousand beholders, to thee, who diedst for me and didst rise thoughts and impressions, which, sealed again. And I subject and yield myself to indelibly with a martyr's blood, and deep- thy blessed light and power.

Ó Holy ened into principle by heavenly influence, Spirit of grace! to be more and more illuwill issue in the glorious extension of the minated, sanctified, and prepared for every kingdom of grace,

good word and work in this world, and for It should ever be borne in mind, that it an inheritance among them that are sanctiis only him who makes such a confession fied in the other! Sinner, never give thy that Christ will confess before his Father soul leave to be at rest till thou find it in heaven. The apostle Paul particular- brought to some such transaction with God izes confession with the mouth, no less (the Father, Son, and Spirit) as this; so as than believing with the heart, as neces- thou canst truly say, and' dost feel thy sary to salvation; and our Lord himself heart is in it. Be not uneasy or impatient says, in the Gospel of Luke, 'Whosoever of waiting and striving, till thou canst say, shall be ashamed of me and of my words, this is now the very sense of the soul. of him shall the Son of Man be ashamed, Such things have been done in the world, when he shall come in his own glory, and (but O how seldom of latter days !) So in his Father's, and of the holy angels. God hath wrought with men to save them From these passages it is clear that the from going down to the pit, having found confession of Christ is a most sure and a ransom for them. And why, may he


not yet be expected to do so? He hath peace and rest. Have the enemies of the smitten, rocks ere now, and made the mind been brought low ! Have envy and waters gush out; nor is his hand short- pride been broken, and all foul tempers ened, nor his ear heavy. Thy danger is been subdued ? Is the mind recovered not, sinner, that he will be inexorable, but from her vassalage to sin, and the heart lest thou shouldst. He will be entreated, become purified ? Then what peace and if thou wouldst be prevailed with to entreat calm now pervade it! Such vassals 'were his favour with thy whole heart.- Rev. J. some of you ; but ye are washed, but ye Howe.

are sanctified, but ye are justified in the RESIGNATION.

name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit LORD, it belongs not to my care

of our God.' Your lusts are not now on Whether I die or live;

the throne, but where they should be, To love and serve Thee is my share,

under your feet. Then we call on you to

join in the song,_'To him that loved us, And this thy grace must give. If life be long, I will be glad,

and washed us from our sins in his own That I may long obey ;

blood ; to him be glory and dominion for If short, yet why should I be sad

ever and ever.'—Rev. Dr Waugh. To soar to endless day?

Christ leads me through no darker rooms

OH! had I wings like yonder bird,
Than he went through before;

That soars above its downy nest,
He that into God's kingdom comes,

I'd fly away, unseen, unheard,
Must enter by his door.

Where I might be for aye at rest.
Come, Lord, when grace has made me meet
Thy blessed face to see ;

I would not seek those fragrant bowers, For if thy work on earth be sweet,

Which bloom beneath a cloudless sky;

Nor could I rest amidst the flowers
What will thy glory be?

That deck the groves of Araby.
Then shall I end my sad complaints,

I'd fly-but not to scenes below,
And weary sinful days;

Though ripe with every promis'd bliss ; And join with the triumphant saints,

For what's the world ?-a garnished show
That sing Jehovah's praise.
My knowledge of that life is small,

A decorated wilderness.
The eye of faith is dim;

Oh! I would fly and be at rest,
But 'tis enough that Christ knows all,

Far, far beyond each glittering sphere
And I shall be with him.

That hangs upon the azure breast
R. Baxter.

Of all we know of heaven here.

And there I'd rest, amidst the joys

Angelic lips alone can tell ; Christians, whilst they contemplate the

Where bloom the bowers of paradisegoodness of God as displayed in the works

Where songs in sweetest transports swell. of creation and providence, ought also to ascend and touch a higher key. It is to

There would I rest, beneath that throne the cross that we may summon each of you,

Whose glorious circle gilds the sky;

Where sits Jehovah, who alone where you may refuse the tear of gratitude, if you can. Transport is temper

Can wipe the mourner's weeping eye. here.' Is Gabriel's heart cold while he stands before the throne of the Eternal ? Ah, no! they manage these things better HOW TO GOVERN THE TONGUE. in heaven, where the hallelujah of praise Avoid all tedious and idle talk, from and the ardent devotions of the heart are which seldom arises comfort, many times in unison. Have these promises sounded repentance; especially beware of rash on your heart ? 'I have blotted out as a answers, when the tongue outruns the thick cloud your transgressions, and as a mind. The word was thine whilst thou cloud thy sins : return unto me, for I have didst keep it in; it is another's as soon as redeemed thee.' 'I will forgive thine ini- it is out. O the shame when a man's own quity, and I will remember thy sin no tongue shall be produced as a witness to more.' To men who have received pardon the confusion of his own face! Let then of their sins, all is mercy. Are afflictions thy words be few but advised; forethink measured out unto them? The trials of whether that which thou art to speak, be life, are they strewed thick in their path ? fit to be spoken; affirm no more than what Amid all these, peace has possession of thou knowest to be true; and be rather the heart,-the peace of God that passes silent, than speak to an ill, or to no purall understanding, reigns within. There | pose.-Bayly. shall it continue, till death shall usher the weary traveller into a land of endless THOMAS GRANT, PRINTER, EDINBURGE.

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ANCIENT Israel was almost entirely a tion between town and country does not rural population, and all the laws and ar- exist in it. It may be true still, indeed, rangements of the Jewish state were that town Christians have many advanadapted to preserve this characteristic, tages not possessed by those living in the because, by doing so, the distinction of the country, and even, on the whole, more tribes would be best maintained, the fulfil- valuable ones ; but it is not less true, on ment of many prophecies, especially of the other hand, that country Christians those relating to the descent of the have some advantages not enjoyed by Messiah, could be more easily traced and those dwelling in cities, which they ought more certainly proved, and there would to use with care, and for which they should not be such strong temptation to mingle be thankful. with the heathen nations around as in the It is evident that Christians living in case of a commercial people, for whose the country have much better opportugoods a market needs to be found abroad. nities than their brethren in the city for As the Jews were thus destined to country studying the book of nature, that magnifilife and employments, under the peculiar cent revelation of the character of God. institutions of the Mosaic law, such a life The conimonest objects in a town view, seems to have been best fitted to sustain the houses over the way, or the chaos of the flame of piety; for we find the severest chimneys behind rising above a labyrinth denunciations of the prophets launched of backyards with sickly grass and decay, against the court, the priesthood, and the ing poplars—do not tend, in a very high inhabitants of cities. The worth and the degree to elevate or ennoble the mind; happiness of the Israelitish nation were but dwellers in the country have everyto be sought in the country, where her where around them the grandeur and shepherds fed their flocks in the green beauty of nature, the objects from which pastures, and her yeomen were filled with the poets and orators of all time have the fat of kidneys of wheat, and did drink drawn their finest figures, and in the conthe pure blood of the grape. Nor were templation of which every imagination matters much nged at the beginning of may be delighted, and the careful observer the new dispensation. John the Baptist may discover unending wonders. And preached in the wilderness, or rural part all the sights and scenes of rural life—the of Judea ; and our Saviour himself, till he green meadows, the everlasting hills, the approached the close of his labours, seldom woods and streams, the progress of vegepreached in Jerusalem, where the influ- table life, the habits and instincts of the ence of the Pharisees was paramount, but animated creation—are all not merely well confined himself to the country and worthy of study in themselves, but are all villages of Judea and Galilee. But after- likewise proofs of the existence, and eviwards, when the apostles went forth to dences of the character of God. Cowper preach the gospel, knowing it to be their says, somewhat strongly, but in the main duty to take the readiest method of spread truly, God made the country, and man ing it, they took up their head quarters in made the town.' In cities, at all events, the towns of the various regions that they we are environed by the works of man; visited, as there large audiences could be in the country, we behold everywhere collected more easily than in the country, around us the incomparable productions and the truth would pass more readily of Him who is great in counsel and from one to another. The consequence mighty in working, and therefore dwellers of this mode of procedure was, that as the in the country are inexcusable indeed if gospel extended throughout the Roman they forget his existence, or remain in Empire, the inhabitants of the towns were ignorance of his nature. everywhere much earlier converted than thing on which a townsman looks is those of the country. So much was this artificial. . The streets, the houses, and the case, that the word 'pagan,' which the goods exhibited in the windows, are originally signified nothing more than framed by art and man's device, but the

country-man,' came to be stamp of an Almighty maker and conequivalent to 'heathen;' for at the time triver is on country objects; corn-fields, when it contracted this meaning to say pastures, and animals, are they not all the that a man came from the country, and to work of his hands ?' Now this book of say that he was a worshipper of false nature, to which there is such ready access gods, were almost the same thing. Our in the country, contains a glorious revelaland, let us be thankful, has long been so tion of God's character, inferior in moral generally evangelized that such a distinc- grandeur indeed to that given in Scripture, No. IX.- NEW SERIES.


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