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80 pious fervour; the golden candlestick that we should know, and see, and feel is displaced, and thrown away as a useless that we are lepers. It would appear that thing, to make room for the throne of the no one could tell the individual whether prince of darkness; the sacred incense, he was a leper or not but the priest. The which sent rolling up, in clouds, its rich priest was taught by God himself to disperfume, is exchanged for a poisonous, hel- tinguish the plague of leprosy from any lish vapour, and here is, 'instead of a thing else, and to pronounce him clean or sweet savour, a stench. The comely order unclean. No one can teach us that we of this house is turned all into confusion; / are sinners but Jesus Christ. The High 'the beauties of holiness' into noisome im- Priest of our profession can alone convince purities; the house of prayer into a den of us by his Holy Spirit that we are transthieves ; for every lust is a thief, and every gressors. He healed lepers while here theft sacrilege. He that invites you to below, to teach us his power and dispositake a view of the soul of man, gives you tion to heal diseased sinners. The Saviour but such another prospect, and doth but is a physician as well as a priest. The say to you, ‘Behold the desolation ;' all health of God himself is imparted to the things rude and waste. So that, should human soul, when the sinner is forgiven there be any pretence to the Divine pre- and cleansed by the infinitely precious sence, it might be said, if God be here, blood of Christ. Medical men will tell why is it then? The faded glory, the you that when there is health in the condarkness, the disorder, the impurity, the stitution it fights against disease, and decayed state, in all respects, of this tem- drives it from the vitals to the extremities; ple, too plainly show the great inhabitant and then though apearances may be bad, is gone.-Rev. J. Howe.
yet the skilful physician knows that all is well, health is in full possession of the
vitals of his patient. It is not uncommon LEPROSY A TYPE OF SIN, ORIGINAL AND to find individuals full of complaints
against themselves, dwelling on their own LEPROSY was typical of sin and its imperfections, weeping over their sins, and pollution; contaminating every thing with indisposed to receive comfort. Now let which we are connected, visiting in itself me show you the spiritual leper-here he with destruction all things with which man is: 'I acknowledge my transgression and 18 concerned. In consequence of sin that my sin is ever before me. Against thee, dwells in him, he changes every bless- thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil ing into a curse. All the gifts of pro- in thy sight;" (here the leprosy is coming vidence are excellent in themselves ; but out, the health of God is taking possession man by abusing those gifts, extracts a of the vitals of the patient, and is driving curse from every thing which was ori- out the leprosy) ‘that thou mightest be ginally given him by God as a blessing. justified when thou speakest, and be clear There is nothing with which we are con
when thou judgest. Behold I was shapen nected, that does not by reason of our in iniquity, and in sin did my mother contransgressions involve in it a curse. The ceive me.' Ye mourners in Zion, take leprosy separated a man from his fellow- this to comfort yourselves. creatures, it banished him from society, honest mourners? In the sight of God, and obliged him to live in a state of soli- then you are white lepers. God himself tude. Sin separates from God and every pronounces you clean; take the comfort thing like him; it separates us from the and consolation to yourselves. The man holy angels of heaven ; it separates us from who honestly takes his sins to the Lord, the Church of God here below, and even- and believes God will forgive him for the tually consigns us to the eternal prison of sake of Jesus Christ, however shameful hell. There was something very insidious his past life may have been, is one with in the leprosy; it was a white spot, at first the leprosy all over his skin. The health treated, in a variety of instances, with of God triumphs in the inmost recesses of thoughtlessness, if not with contempt; his frame, and is driving the disease out of nevertheless in this incipient state it was it.-Howels. the leprosy; and if the progress of the disorder was not checked, and that too by Almighty power, it visited humanity with destruction, tore limb from limb, and con- If there be the least spiritual life in signed man to his original dust. Leprosy you, it came not thither by accident, but though in one sense a striking type of sin, by the love wherewith he loved you. If is yet but a weak one. Sin has invaded the pure minds of the saints need to be all the faculties of body and soul: it makes stirred up by way of remembrance, what man his own enemy, destruction rages shall be said to the heedless part of the within, a civil war is carried on within the world, who, because they hear of a just human bosom. It is absolutely necessary and holy God, think of him with suspicion
TO KNOW GOD IS TO LOVE HIM.
and dislike? 'O righteous Father!' said another man's infirmity. Remember thine Christ, 'the world hath not known thee.' own. Abhor the frothy wit of a filthy na He who came from the Father, and was ture, whose brains having once conceived in the world, seems, in the close of his an odd scoff, his mind travails till he be defarewell prayer, to have summed up his livered of it
. Yea, he had rather lose his reflections on_mankind in these words: best friend than his worst jest. But if
O righteous Father! the world hath not thou be disposed to be merry, have a speknown thee.' Did they but know thee, cial care to three things :-Ist, That it be they could not but love thee? All then not against religion. 2d, That it be not that is asked of you is this; learn to think against charity: 3d, That it be not against rightly of God, your views of all things chastity. And then be as merry as thou will then be rectified; you will acquaint canst, only in the Lord. When the glory yourself with him, and be at peace.- Rev. of God, or good of thy neighbour require H. Martyn.
it, speak the truth, and fear not the face
of man. The frown of a prince may someTHE CONFIDENCE OF THE CHRISTIAN.
times be the favour of God. Ever think
him a true friend who tells thee secretly The righteous seem to lie by, in the and plainly of thy faults. He that sees bosom of the earth, as a wary pilot in some
thee offend, and tells thee not of thy fault, well-sheltered creek, till all the storms
either flatters thee for favour, or dares not which infest this lower world are blown displease thee for fear. Reprehension, be
Here they enjoy safe anchorage, it just or unjust, come it from the mouth are in no danger of foundering amidst the of a friend or from a foe, never does a waves of prevailing iniquity, or of being wise man harm. For, if it be true, thou shipwrecked on the rocks of any powerful hast a warning to amend ; if it be false, temptation. But ere long we shall behold thou hast a care at what to avoid. So, them hoisting their flag of hope, riding before a sweet gale of atoning merit and every way, it makes a wise man better or
more wary. But if thou canst not endure redeeming love, till they make, with all
to be reprehended, do then nothing worthy the sails of an assured faith, the blessed
of reprehension.—Bayly. port of an eternal life.—Rev. J. Harvey.
Every fresh discovery you have of
Christ will whet your love to him, and the Let thy talk be gracious, that he who more sights you have of him, the more hears thee may grow better by thee; and you will see of the vanity of the things of be ever more earnest when thou speakest time and sense, and the more you will see of religion than when thou talkest of that they are not to be compared to the worldly matters. If thou perceivest that love of God in Christ Jesus. - Romaine. thou hast erred, persevere not in thine
ALMOST all human pleasures or griefs error, rejoice to find the truth, and magnify hang on a chain which swings between it. Study, therefore, three things espe- the past and the future. Man creates for cially,-to understand well, to say well, himself a beautiful garden in the future, and to do well. And when thou meetest
but the present turns it into a desert, or with God's children, be sure to make some
he fashions the bugbear care out of the holy advantage by them; learn of them dim obscurity which rolls between him and all the good that thou canst, and commu
futurity.—Hume. nicate with them all the good things that thou knowest.
Few men have done more harm than The more good thou teachest others, the more will God still those who have been thought to be able to minister unto thee. Beware that you be- do least; and there cannot be a greater
error than to believe a man whom we see lieve not all that is told you, and that you tell not all that you hear; for if you do, you qualified with too mean parts to do good, shall not long enjoy true friends, nor ever
to be, therefore, incapable of doing hurt. want great troubles. Though thou hast There is a supply of malice, of pride, of many acquaintances, yet make not any thy industry, and even of folly, in the meekest
, familiar friend but he that truly fears God. when he sets his heart upon it, that makes For be assured that what friendship soever
a strange progress of wickedness.- Clarenis grounded upon any other cause than don. true religion, if ever that cause fail, the
THE Christian's secret intercourse with friendship falleth off; and the rather God will make itself manifest to the because that as God diffuses among men
world. truth, peace, and amity, that we should When God puts faith into the fire, it live to do one another good; so the devil is not to consume it, but to prove it and daily sows falsehood, discord, and enmity, improve it. to cause, if he can, the dearest friends to devour one another. Make not a jest of THOMAS GRANT, PRINTER, EDINBURGH.
THE present is emphatically an age of which govern each of these constituent knowledge. It is entitled to be so desig- parts, he may be a perfect stranger to his nated on two accounts. First of all, be- true state and character in the sight of cause of the discoveries that have been God. . And men in general are strangers made in every department of science and to themselves in this respect. Their igart. The limits of these have been won- norance, moreover, is most profound. drously extended during the past century; They are guilty, but do not admit it, exthey are extending every day, and they cept perhaps in words; they are unholy, hold out the promise of indefinite enlarge but do not believe it; their hearts are dement. In proof of this, we refer to the ceitful above all things and desperately advancement that has taken place in astro- wicked, but they reject this as a calumny. nomy, since the days of Newton, in che- Thus they imagine themselves to be the mistry, since the time of Davy, and in the very opposite of what they are like the whole aspect of the world, the relative man who, while in the depths of poverty position of places, the commerce of nations, imagines that he is wallowing in wealth, the intercourse of society, the comforts of or while deficient in intellect accounts life, since the inventions of Watt.
himself a genius. But the present is still further entitled And while self-knowledge even in a to be called an age of knowledge, on ac- slight degree is rare, deep self-knowledge count of the unprecedented extent to which is, of course, much rarer. Here the views knowledge is diffused throughout society of those who recognise the truth of what at large. This is to be ascribed to three the Bible affirms respecting them, if not causes—to the invention of printing, to very superficial, are yet extremely dethe stimulus given to the human mind and fective. They acknowledge they are guilty, the cause of liberty at the Reformation, but they have a very imperfect notion of and to the manifold improvements which the extent of their guilt; they feel they have ever and anon been making in the are depraved, still they have only a faint typographical art, and which now render sense of their moral turpitude and debasethe multiplication of books a compara- ment. The will has a perversity they tively easy process. The consequence is, have not fully gauged, and the heart that the sober and intelligent mechanic of depths they have not sounded. Now, this the present day may possess himself of a knowledge is not more rare than imlibrary incomparably superior to that which portant. What more momentous, for was possessed generally by the nobility example, than acquaintance with our state and men of learning, who lived before the or condition as moral and religious beings, times of Guttenburg and Caxton.
with the relations we sustain to the law and But is the present an age of self-know- government of the Almighty! There is a ledge? or is it the fact that men, gene- God-our Creator, Lawgiver, and Judge rally speaking, know most other things —what then is the position in which we better than they know themselves? It stand to him? Are we his affectionate must be admitted that there are some and obedient subjects; and, as such, the things relating to themselves that men objects of his complacent regards ? Can do understand better now than at any for- there be no doubt of this ? Have we such mer period. They have a more thorough acquaintance with ourselves as to be con. acquaintance with the structure of their vinced that He has now, and has always, bodies, and with the laws by which the had the first place in our thoughts, and animal economy is regulated; and it may the uppermost place in our affections ? be also allowed, they have acquired a fur- Or if not, are we really sinners, guilty by ther insight into the intellectual system, nature and practice, odious in the sight of into the phenomena and laws of thought, Heaven, and exposed to the wrath of and in this way light has to some extent Jehovah? Or again, admitting that we been thrown on the principles on which a are sinners, great sinners, have we fled sound education should be conducted. to the refuge of sinners—have we repaired Still even the anatomist, or the physiolo- to the blood of sprinkling, and found gist, or the metaphysician, or the man pardon and peace ?' In one word, are we who is all these in one, may, notwith justified persons, or are we still lying standing all his information, not know under a sentence of condemnation?' are himself. While he knows that he is a we the children of the devil and the heirs compound being--consisting of soul, body, of hell, or are we the children
of God and and spirit and is conversant with the heirs of eternal life? These are queries qualities which distinguish and the laws that cannot be answered without self-knowNo. VIII.—New SERIES.
ledge, and without deep self-knowledge. them. Are ye not much better than they? True, a thoroughly godless man may easily consider the lilies of the field, how they satisfy himself that he is no Christian. grow; they toil not, neither do they spin ; But we are addressing ourselves to those and yet I say unto you, that even Solomon who have named the name of Jesus, and in all his glory, was not arrayed like one whose conduct is outwardly consistent; of these. Wherefore, if God so clothe and what we affirm is, that if they neglect the grass, which to-day is in the field, and self-examination, they cannot attain to a to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he well-grounded assurance of a saving in- not much more clothe you, O ye of little terest in the work of the Lord Jesus Christ. faith a' Examine yourselves whether you be in the Not only might it be presumed from faith. The work is difficult. We are the evidences of divine care in the inaninaturally averse to sit in judgment on mate and irrational departments of nature ourselves; and when we do so, we are too that an equal or superior care would be prone to bring in a verdict in our favour. extended to the intelligent inhabitants of Still a profound sense of duty should con- the earth; but further, the relations which strain us to undertake it, and should lead the two former bear to the latter are obus to a throne of grace for aid in the pro- viously so multifarious, so intimate and secution of it. The result must be favour- important, that it is almost impossible for able or adverse. If adverse, better that the divine providence to take care of them the discovery should be made now than without being also extended to it. The when the mistake is irretrievable. If arguments, too, which are drawn for a favourable, how delightful to rejoice in providence from the perfections of God, hope, assured hope—in the hope of durable derive their force chiefly from their appliriches, of unfading honours, of unending cation to human beings—beings capable felicity.
of a moral government, and qualified, in some measure, to know their Creator, and to render him the tribute of an intelligent
and rational homage. These anticipations ON THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD. and presumptions are corroborated by
numberless facts in the life of every human The arrangements of the material being,-in the history of human society, creation have evidently been formed with — by the care visibly exercised over all a view to the accommodation and advan- men, and especially over good men; and tage of living creatures, and more espe- it is almost superfluous to add that the cially of human beings; and it is only arguments for a providence derived from from their subserviency to these that they other sources are rendered incontroverappear worthy of their Divine author. tibly certain by the express declarations of The sun shines not for himself, but it Scripture. gives light to beings furnished with the By God the successive generations of faculty of vision. It is for the living, mankind are brought into existence; and, and more especially for the intelligent in the production of a human soul still inhabitants of the earth, that the rains of more than of an irrational animal, we are heaven descend, that the globe is en- presented with an unequivocal exertion of circled with the atmosphere, that the the creative energy of the Almighty;fountains pour forth their waters, and with an effect more stupendous and wonthat the fields yield means of subsistence. derful, in some respects at least, than the And not only the arrangements of the creation of the whole material universe. inanimate creation, but the principle On God, too, all men are incessantly declasses of the animal kingdom are formed, pendant during the whole course of their in part at least, for the comfort and ad- earthly existence; and were his preserv. vantage of man. Some of them supply ing energy suspended for a moment, all him with food, and others with clothing; flesh would perish together.' 'He gives while others are given to him for servants, to all life, and breath, and all things. In and, by their superior strength or swift him we live, and move, and have our being. ness, enable him to accomplish tasks to His visitations preserve our spirits.' which his own unaided might would be 'He holds our soul in life, and suffers not
our feet to be moved. So unlimited is utterly unequal. If, then, the phenomena / presented by the material and the irra- his providence and so minute is his care, tional creation compel us to conclude, that that the hairs of our heads are all numthe providence of God extends to them., bered.' much more may it be presumed to extend The preservation of living creatures, to his rational and intelligent offspring and still more of mankind, comprehends, * Behold the fowls of the air, for they sow not merely that sustaining agency which not, neither do they reap, nor gather into upholds them in being, and which is exbarns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth tended to them in common with inanimate
substances, but that protection which is death. ‘Promotion cometh neither from necessary to defend them against danger. the east, nor the west, from the north, nor The scene of their present habitation is from the south. God is ruler and judge; adapted to their nature and faculties with he putteth down one, and setteth up anconsummate and beneficient skill; but it other. He kills, and he maketh alive; he is adapted to them as fallen creatures, and wounds, and his hands make whole. The hence it subjects them to many hardships incidents which befall ourselves and others and privations, and exposes them to many often seem to be determined by accident: calamities and dangers. Against these but what is contingent or casual to us, is calamities and dangers nothing but omni- not so to God. With him all discord is potence could effectually shield them; and harmony-all chance direction. -- Profor this gracious purpose omnipotence is fessor Balmer. constantly exerted. In that almighty guardianship even wicked men share ; but it is extended in a peculiar manner to the righteous. 'God' is our refuge and
POETRY. strength; a very present help in trouble.' ' The angel of the Lord encampeth round
ZION'S RESTORATION, about them that fear him, and delivereth
ISAIAH Ix. 8. them.'
Who are these that fly like clouds From the co-operation of divine pro- Which the wind is swiftly driving ? vidence with the conduct of men, the Onwards still, unceasing crowds transition is natural to that government Without intermission striving; which is exercised over them, and which
No one to alight e'er stoops, forms another element of God's providen- No one e'er his pinion droops. tial administration. The divine government of rational and accountable agents is Like to doves which in their flight, totally different from that control which Homeward to their windows rushing, is exerted over inanimate objects, and Shroud the air like coming night, even from that which is exerted over living
While a sound like waters gushing but irrational creatures. Neither inami- When long rain a flood-swell brings, mate objects nor irrational creatures are Issues from a thousand wings. capable of government, in the proper sense of the term. Even the most saga
These, o Zion, are the sons cious of the brutes seem incapable of
Which thy glorious Lord hath brought thee,
Lift thine eyes, for these are ones forming any distinct notions of law,
Who before have never sought thee; authority, approbation and disapprobation,
Gentile nations come to thee rewards and punishments. It is other
With the forces of the sea. wise with men; and over them, therefore, the supreme Ruler maintains a moral
Lo ! from parchëd deserts some administration. Laws worthy of himself On swift dromedaries bie-ing, are promulgated, to which they are re- While the ships of Tarshish come quired to yield, 'not an unconscious or From far distant islands, vieing reluctant, but an intelligent and willing Which shall set thy children's feet obedience; motives, cogent and interest- Soonest in thy glorious seat. ing, are employed to enforce their compliance; and while obedience is rewarded, Strangers then shall build thy wall, disobedience is punished.
And their kings on thee attending, While the providential government of Humbly at thy feet shall fall, God over mankind is conducted in a man- While thy haters lowly bending ner suited to their rational natures, with- Honour thee with suppliant word, out impinging on their free agency,
his Zion, city of the Lord. control over them is complete and un
Thou whom all men did despise, limited, reaching not only to all the oc
Even to pass through thee scorning; currences which befall them, but to all
From thy dust and ashes rise, their emotions, volitions, and actions.
Thou hast now fulfilled thy mourning; To him we owe our mental endowments
For thy Saviour reconciled, and our bodily strength; it is he who de termines the stations which we are to oc
Hath in mercy on thee smiled. cupy, and the circumstances in which, in Now thy sun shall no more set, every instance, we are to act; it is he Never shall thy moon be waning, who measures out to us what we call the
Light unchangeable thoul't get, advantages of fortune—who arranges the Everlasting glory gaining; events, both prosperous and adverse, which For the Lord himself shall shed chequer our life, and it is he who fixes
Light and glory on thy head. the time, the place, and the manner of our