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creasing city. In this very street,' was all works which vindicate the natural rights the reply. No finer or more prominent of man; it walls out all evangelical inposition could be selected. The question fluences; it withholds all religious rights, led to a most interesting conversation as as in the case of the bishops of Sardinia, to the progress of free institutions in that from those who oppose its policy; it muzcountry, and as to the determination of the zles the press ; it stimulates the faithful by King, and nobles, and Parliament to secure promises from heaven, and terrifies the freedom to all to worship God as they deem disobedient by the threats of sending them best. During the deeply interesting and to hell, making them all to believe that the eloquent remarks of iny friend, he gave keys of heaven and hell hang by her girdle. utterance to this sentiment: 'Our English With an agency like this in his favour and American friends come to Italy to see among a people, and that can do all this us. We are glad to see them. We give under the sanction of religion, and as the them often in detail what is doing to pro- vicegerents of heaven, what has any desmote right views and right institutions; pot to fear? And hence the natural inbut they often, unwittingly, do us great clinations of despotism to Romanism ! injury. They go back and publish our Without Romanism and its priests, the statements to the world; and the first we government of Naples could not survive a know of the matter is by hearing of a most day, nor could that of Austria a week. urgent appeal from Wiseman of London, Where the people are Papists, the priests or Hughes of New York, for the with are their real governors, and it is the policy drawal of all privileges from Protestants, of rulers to court their influence. This exso as to check all progress toward freedom plains some things very queer in the rein these countries. What we tell here in cent conduct of the King of Prusia; it exprivate is published abroad, and is sent plains the entire conduct of that puppet, back here by bishops and priests, as infor- the Nephew of his Uncle,' as he is conmation to these priestly despots. What temptuously called, who now rules in a fact in proof of the allegation that Popish France; it explains the unworthy conduct priests are the spies of despotism! You of some of our own farthing politicians, cannot, sir, close your eyes to the existing who flatter the priest to get the votes of state of things in Britain. There is not the people he rides! And until the power an Act of Parliament–from its inception of the priest over the people is brokento its passage or defeat-bearing in the until thus the strong motive is removed most remote degree upon the education or from des pots for protecting and paying ihe moral instruction of the people, which is the priest, I see no hope for the nations not known and canvassed at Rome, and on now bowed down under the double yoke which the Papal party in the kingdom does of despotism and Romanism. As long as not side with the Vatican. And in our the vigilant police of Popery can be susown happy country, the mitre and the pal- | tained by a des pot among a people that lium are usually rewards of merit bestowed will submit to it, for the freedom of that by the Pope upon those priests who have people there is no earthly hope. To be best perforined their duties as his pimps free, the despot and the priest must go up or watchmen. These ecclesiastical baubles into the air, or sink down into the pit toare not the rewards of piety, or talent, or gether! Hence, unless I greatly misinof high virtue, but of subserviency to that terpret the feelings of Papal Europe, and politico-ecclesiastical power, which claims the signs of the times, the next war south, to fetter the nations, and to think for the or even north of the Alps, will be a terrace, by the authority of God. And the rible one for the priests. The watchmen winners of cardinals' caps are usually those of despotism' will be the very first victims; most unscrupulous in principle and most as far as they are concerned, it will be a destitute of the cardinal virtues.
| war to the knife. They have sown the 'Popery is the police of despotism,' said wind, and they will reap the whirlwind. my friend at Lausanne. That it is the And it is astonishing to what a degree agency through which despots can best the ordinary priests partake of the spirit govern their people is most obvious. of the system, and act the despot within When the people are Papists, and the the bounds of their little parishes. Even priests are in league with the State, what in this free country, much of our emigrant hope is there for the people. If a man population suffers under this despotism; breathes at the confessional the aspirations and, although free to think and to act for of his soul after liberty, they are known to themselves under our laws, they stand in the police. Wives and sisters are made terror of the 'higher law of the priest.' I spies upon their husbands and brothers. have known the life of a poor servant girl Where can a spark of patriotism glow be- to be threatened by her own immediate yond the scrutiny of priestly eyes? It pro- relatives for becoming a Protestant, and hibits the circulation of the Bible; it for- since I commenced writing this letter, an. bids the religious tract; it anathematizes other has told me that her own mother threatened to shoot her dead because she one day, the priest cursed her from the has attached herself to a Methodist church ! | altar. Her reverence for the priest, and So horrible is the system, that when it takes her superstitious faith in his ghostly power, hold of an ignorant mind, it extinguishes gave to the curse an awful effect. From even natural affection! And, if not ex that hour she has been a crazed maniac. horters to these brutal exhibitions of super She yet lives to testify to the power of the stitious passion, the priests are no check priestly curse over an ignorant people; to them. In many portions of the world, and as she meets her neighbours, she thus they excite to them by exhortation and addresses them: 'I have lost my soul; example.
when the priest cursed me, I felt my head Not many months ago, a poor Irish open, and my soul flew away. I have been widow, with eight or nine children, came seeking it ever since, but have not been to me to secure service for one of them. able to find it. 0, will you not help me to They all looked healthy, but not one of find my soul !-Kirwan's Romanism at them knew a letter of the alphabet. “How Home. came you,' said I, 'to bring up these chil. dren in such gross ignorance?' Her reply astounded me. 'I lived,' said she, in
THE MIDDLE PASSAGE. Ireland, between two small towns, in each of which was a good Protestant school, and
A CHAPTER FROM `UNCLE TOM'S CABIN.' I wanted to send my children to them, but • Thou art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and the priest said, if I did, that he would canst not look upon iniquity : wherefore lookcurse me from the altar, and then nobody
est thou upon them that deal treacherously,
and holdest thy tongue when the wicked dewould speak to me, and they might kill me
voureth the man that is more righteous than and my children. And the least acquain be?-HAB. i. 13. tance with the cruel despotism of the On the lower part of a small, mean boat, priests in the south and west of Ireland, on the Red River, Tom sat--chains on his will satisfy any body that this is only a wrists, chains on his feet, and a weight favourable illustration of their general con-heavier than chains lay on his heart. All duct. I have recently passed through the had faded from the sky-moon and stars ; north, west, and easterly portions of that all had passed by him, as the trees and unhappy country, and I have learned | banks were now passing, to return no things as to their conduct to their people more. Kentucky home, with wife and chilwhich should brand them with the brand dren, and indulgent owners ; St Clare of infamy as indelibly as ever was Cain. home, with all its refinements and splen
Why, sir, it is no uncommon thing for dours; the golden head of Eva, with its these 'surplíced ruffians,' as they are called saint-like eyes; the proud, gay, handsome, by the London Times, to go to a school col seemingly careless, yet ever-kind St Clare; lected by the philanthropy and supported hours of ease and indulgent leisure-ali by the charity of a few Protestant ladies, gone! and in place thereof, what remains ? and to break it up by cowhiding all its It is one of the bitterest apportionments pupils. This is a very common occurrence. of a lot of slavery, that the negro, sympaThe daughter of an old magistrate resid- thetic and assimilative, after acquiring, ing near Ballinrobe collected a school, in in a refined family, the tastes and feelings which they daily taught the children of the which form the atmosphere of such a place, poor. The priest entered it a few months is not the less liable to become the bondago, and asked if the children were taught slave of the coarsest and most brutal-just to read with a view of reading the Bible. as a chair or table, which once decorated On being informed that they were, he the superb saloon, comes, at last, battered whipped every child out of the house. The and defaced, to the bar-room of some filthy priest denounced from the altar a school tavern, or some low haunt of vulgar des under the care of the lady of the High bauchery. The great difference is, that Sheriff of Galway, and whipped a respect the table and chair cannot feel, and the able old man out of the chapel for permit- man can; for even a legal enactment that ting his children to go to it. These Bible. he shall be taken, reputed, adjudged in haters are often seen flogging poor igno- | law, to be a chattel personal,' cannot blot rant mother's into the streets and roads | out his soul, with its own private little for permitting their children to go to other world of memories, hopes, loves, fears, and than a Papist school, and when no such | desires. school is within their reach!
Mr Simon Legree, Tom's master, had One of these Irish priests residing at purchased slaves at one place and another, Ballahadireen, a few years since, had a in New Orleans, to the number of eight, quarrel with one of his poor parishioners; and driven them, handcuffed, in couples in this quarrel, the wife of the man sided of two and two, down to the good steamer with her husband, like a noble-minded Pirate, which lay at the levee, ready for a and honest woman. Seeing her in church trip up the Red River.
Having got them fairly on board, and of Tom, and walked off. He took Tom's the boat being off, he came round, with trunk, which contained a very neat and that air of efficiency which ever charac- | abundant wardrobe, to the forecastle, where terized him, to take a review of them. it was soon surrounded by various hands Stopping opposite to Tom, who had been of the boat. With much laughing, at the attired for sale in his best broadcloth suit, expense of niggers who tried to be gentlewith well-starched linen and shining boots, men, the articles very readily were sold to he briefly expressed himself as follows: one and another, and the empty trunk Stand up.
finally put up at auction. It was a good Tom stood up.
joke, they all thought, especially to see "Take off that stock !' and as Tom, en-how Tom looked after his things, as they cumbered by his fetters, proceeded to do were going this way and that, and then it, he assisted him, by pulling it, with no the auction of the trunk, that was funnier gentle hand, from his neck, and putting it than all, and occasioned abundant wittiin his pocket.
cisms. Legree now turned to Tom's trunk, This little affair being over, Simon saunwhich, previous to this, he had been ran- | tered up again to his property. sacking, and, taking from it a pair of old 'Now, Tom, I've relieved you of any pantaloons and a dilapidated coat, which extra baggage, you see. Take mighty good Tom had been wont to put on about his care of them clothes. It'll be long enough stable work, he said, liberating Tom's hands before you get more. I go in for making from the handcuffs, and pointing to a recess niggers careful; one suit has to do for one in among the boxes
year on my place. - You go there, and put these on.'
Simon next walked up to the place Tom obeyed, and in a few moments re where Emmeline was sitting, chained to turned.
another woman. • Take off your boots,' said Mr Legree. Well, my dear,' he said, chucking her Tom did so.
under the chin, ' keep up your spirits. “There,' said the former, throwing him The involuntary look of horror, fright, a pair of coarse, stout shoes such as were and aversion with which the girl regarded common among the slaves, put these on. him, did not escape his eye. He frowned
In Tom's hurried exchange he had not fiercely. forgotten to transfer his cherished Bible “None o' your shines, gal! You's got to his pocket. It was well he did so; for to keep a pleasant face when I speak to Mr Légree, having refitted Tom's hand ye-d'ye hear ? And you, you old yellow cuffs, proceeded deliberately to investigate poco moonshine!' he said, giving a shove the contents of his pockets. He drew out to the mulatto woman to whom Emmeline a silk handkerchief, and put it into his own was chained, 'don't you carry that sort of pocket. Several little trifles, which Tom face! You's got to look chipper, I tell had treasured, chiefly because they had ye!' amused Eva, he looked upon with a con “I say, all on ye,' he said, retreating a temptuous grunt, and tossed them over his pace or two back, look at me-look at me shoulder into the river.
-look me right in the eye-straight, now! Tom's Methodist hymn-book, which, in said he, stamping his foot at every pause. his hurry, he had forgotten, he now held As by a fascination, every eye was now up and turned over.
directed to the glaring, greenish-gray eye *Humph! pious, to be sure. So, what's of Simon. yer name, you belong to the Church, eh?' Now,' said he, doubling his great, heavy 'Yes, mas’r,' said Tom firmly.
fist into something resembling a' black"Well, I'll soon have that out of you. smith's hammer, 'd'ye see this fist? Heft I have none o' yer bawling, praying, sing
it!' he said, bringing it down on Tom's ing niggers, on my place; so remember. hand. 'Look at these yer bones ! Well, Now, mind yourself," he said, with a stamp I tell ye this yer fist has got as hard as and a fierce glance of his grey eye, directed iron knocking down niggers. I never see at Tom, I'm your Church now! You un- the nigger yet I couldn't bring down with derstand you've got to be as I say.' one crack," said he, bringing his fist down
Something within the silent black man | so near to the face of Tom that he winked answered, NO! and, as if repeated by an and drew back. 'I don't keep none o' yer invisible voice, came the words of an old cussed overseers; I does my own overprophetic scroll, as Eva had often read seering; and I tell you things is seen to. them to him.'Fear not, for I have re You's every one on ye got to toe the mark, deemed thee. : I have called thee by my I tell ye; quick-straight-the moment I name. Thou art MINE !'
speak. That's the way to keep in with me. But Simon Legree heard po voice. That | You won't find no soft spot in me, novoice is one he never shall hear. He only where. So, now, mind yerselves; for I glared for a moment on the downcast face don't show no mercy !?
The women involuntarily drew in their listening to the conversation with repressed breath, and the whole gang sat with down- uneasiness. cast dejected faces. Meanwhile, Simon 'You must not take that fellow to be any turned on his heel, and marched up to specimen of a Southern planter,' said he. the bar of the boat for a dram.
* I should hope not,' said the young That's the way I begin with my niggers,' gentleman with emphasis. he said to a gentlemanly man who had He is a mean, low, brutal fellow!' said stood by him during his speech. “It's my the other. system to begin strong-just let 'em know And yet your laws allow him to hold what to expect.
any number of human beings subject to 'Indeed!' said the stranger, looking his absolute will, without even a shadow upon him with the curiosity of a naturalist of protection; and, low as he is, you cannot studying some out-of-the-way specimen say-there are not many such.
"Yes, indeed. I'm none o yer gentle ; Well,' said the other, there are also man planters, with lily fingers, to slop many considerate and humane men among round and be cheated by some old cuss of planters. an overseer! Just feel of my knuckles Granted,' said the young man; 'but, now; look at my fist. Tell ye, sir, the in my opinion, it is you considerate, huflesh on't has come jest like a stone, prac mane men that are responsible for all the tising on niggers---feel on it.
brutality and outrage wrought by these · The stranger applied his finger to the wretches; because if it were not for your implement in question, and simply said sanction and influence, the whole system
"Tis hard enough ; and I suppose,' he could not keep foot-hold for an hour. If added, 'practise has made your heart just there were no planters except such as that like it.'
one,' said he, pointing with his finger to · "Why, yes, I may say so,' said Simon, Legree, who stood with his back to them, with a hearty laugh. "1 reckon ther's as 'the whole thing would go down like a little soft in me as in any one going. Tell millstone. It is your respectability and you, nobody comes it over me! Niggers humanity licenses and protects his brunever gets round me neither with squalling tality. nor soft soap-that's a fact.
You certainly have a high opinion of "You have a fine lot there.'
my good nature, said the planter, smiling; 'Real,' said Simon. There's that Tom, but I adrise you not to talk quite so loud, they telld me he was suthin' uncommon. as there are people on board the boat whó I paid a little high for him, 'tending him might not be quite so tolerant to opinion for a driver and a managing chap; only as I am. You had better wait till I get get the notions out that he's larnt by bein' up to my plantation, and there you may treated as niggers never ought to be, he'll | abuse us all, quite at your leisure. do prime! The yellow woman I got took The young gentleman coloured and in in. I rayther think she's sickly, but I smiled, and the two were soon busy in a shall put her through for what she's worth; game of backgammon. Meanwhile, anshe may last a year or two. I don't go for other conversation was going on in the savin' niggers. Use up and buy more's my lower part of the boat, between Emmeline way; makes you less trouble, and I'm and the mulatto woman with whom she quite sure it comes cheaper in the end.' was confined. As was natural, they were And Simon sipped his glass.
exchanging with each other some particu' And how long do they generally last ?' | lars of their history. said the stranger.
'Who did you belong to?' said Em'Well, donno ; 'cordin as their consti meline. tution is. Stout fellers last six or seven "Well, my mas'r was Mr Ellis-lived years; trashy ones gets worked up in two on Levee Street. Praps you've seen the or three. I used to, when I fust begun, | house.' have considerable trouble fussin' with 'em "Was he good to you?' said Emmeline. and trying to make 'em hold out-doc "Mostly till he tuc sick. He's lain sick, torin onem up when they's sick, and off and on, more than six months, and given' on 'em clothes and blankets, and been orful oneasy. 'Pears like he warnt what not, tryin' to keep 'em all sort o' willin' to have nobody rest, day nor night; decent and comfortable. Law, 'twasn't no and got so curous, there couldn't nobody sort o' use; I lost money on 'em, and suit him. 'Pears like he just grew crosser twas heaps o' trouble. Now, you see, I every day; kept me up nights till I got just put 'em straight through, sick or well. fairly beat out, and could'nt Keep awake no When one nigger's dead I buy another; longer; and cause I get to sleep one night, and I find it comes cheaper and easier Lors, he talk so orful to me, and he tell every way.
me he'd sell me to just the hardest master The stranger turned away, and seated he could find; and he'd promised me my himself beside a gentleman who had been freedom, too, when he died.?
“Had you any friends ?' said Emmeline. Regeneration is but once; but conversion
“Yes, my husband-he's a blacksmith. may be many times. Peter had been conMas'r gen’ly hired him out. They took verted when Christ said to him, 'And me off so quick, I didn't even have time to when thou are converted, stengthen thy see him; and I's got four children. 0 brethren. There is no doubt the Church dear me!' said the woman, covering her inight be converted again, and that withface with her hands.
out any injury to her. It is a natural impulse in every one, But why do I think the Church needs when they hear a tale of distress, to think conversion? I might give several reasons ; of something to say by way of consolation. but I will assign only one. It is founded Emmeline wanted to say something, but on Matt. xviii. 3: 'Except ye be conshe could not think of anything to say. verted, and become as little children.' Here What was there to be said? As by a we see the effect of conversion is to make common consent, they both avoided, with the subjects of it as little children, and fear and dread, all mention of the horrible hence St John addresses the primitive man who was now their master.
Christians as little children. Now, my True, there is religious trust for even reason for thinking the Church needs conthe darkest hour. The mulatto woman version is, that there does not seem to be was a member of the Methodist Church, much of the little child about the Church and had an unenlightened but very sincere of the present day. There is a great deal spirit of piety. Emmeline had been edu more of the old man'about it, I am afraid. cated much more intelligently—taught to | I think if John were living now, he would read and write, and diligently instructed in not be apt to address the members of the the Bible, by the care of a faithful and Church generally as little children. No, pious mistress; yet, would it not try the indeed. I question whether, if he were faith of the firmest Christian, to find them | even addressing an assembly of the miniselves abandoned apparently of God, in sters and officers of many of our churches, the grasp of ruthless violence ? How he would not be apt to apply other terms much more must it shake the faith of than ‘little children,' as a preface to his Christ's poor little ones, weak in knowledge exhortation ‘love one another;' which I and tender in years!
am sure he would not forget. The boat moved on-freighted with its Little children are humble; but humility weight of sorrow-up the red, muddy, tur- is not a remarkable characteristic of the bid current, through the abrupt tortuous Church of the present day. I don't think windings of the Red River; and sad eyes the scholars of either of the schools have gazed wearily on the steep red-clay banks, got the lesson of lowliness very perfectly as they glided by in dreary sameness. At from their Master. I fear, if the Master last the boat stopped at a small town, and were to come in upon us now, he would be Legree, with his party, disembarked. likely to chide many in both the schools.
Why two schools? There is but one
Master, THE CONVERSION OF THE How confiding little children are, and CHURCH
how ready to believe on the bare word of
one in whom they have reason to feel conWe hear a great deal now-a-days about fidence, and especially if he be a father! the conversion of the world. It is in al- | But not so the Church. Thus saith the most every Christian's mouth; and we Lord,' does not satisfy her sons now. They cannot be too familiar with the phrase—we must have better reasons for believing than cannot be too diligent to promote the thing that. They must hear first what he has to It ought to have ourdaily thoughts, prayers, say, and then see if they can get a confirand efforts. It deserves our hearts. It mation of it from any quarter before they is the great object of Christianity. But will believe it. How unceremoniously there is another community besides the many of these children treat some of the world, which I think needs to undergo a things which their Father very evidently measure of the same process that the world says, because they do not strike them as in so much needs. It is the Church. While accordance with reason, justice, or common the conversion of the world is made so sense! prominent, I think we ought not to over How docile the child is! Mary, who look the conversion of the Church, espe sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word,' cially since this comes first in order. was such a child. Never a why or a how
Every thing, we know, begins at the asked she of him. I cannot say so much house of God, both in judgment and for the Church of our day. mercy. But what do I mean by the con Simplicity also characterizes little chil. version of the Church? Is not the Church dren. * How open and artless they areconverted already ? Suppose I admit that; how free from guile! Such was Nathamay she not need a new conversion ? | nael. Whether this trait of character be