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Dip"SACUS. Flowers in an ovate or roundish capitulum ; common calyx (involucre) polyphyllous, foliaceous ; proper calyx monophyllous, superior : corol tubular, 4-cleft : seed solitary, with a wine-glass form egret: receptacle, conic, paleaceous. 48. 56—(tassel).

GA'LIUM. Calyx 4-toothed : corolla flat, 4-cleft: fruit dry : seeds 2, roundish : (leaves stellate). 47--57--(bedstraw). S.

Housto'NIA. Calyx half superior, 4-toothed : corolla salver-form, 4-cleft ; capsule 2-celled, many.ee led, npening transversely. 47. 57)–(Venus' pride). S. MITCHEL"LA. Cal

: corols 2 on each germ, funnel-form ; tube cylindric ; limb

lose on the inside : stamens scarcely exsert; stigma 4-escit :

+ seeded. 48. 57--(partridge-berry). S. LINNÆ'A. Calyx doubk; that of the fruit 2-leaved, inferior ; that of the flower 5-parted : corolla bell-form, 5-lobed; stamens somewhat didynamous ; stigma globose : berry 3-celled, dry, generally producing a perfect seed in but one cell. 48. 58--twin-flower).

Southern RU'bia. Calyx 4-toothed : corolla 4 or 5-cleft, bell-form : berries 2, oneseeded, (stamens 4-5; leaves stellate). 47. 57—(madder).

(4-petalled.) Cor"NUS. Calyx 4-toothed : drupe with a 2-celled nut. Some species have a 4-leaved involucrum. 45. 58—(dogwood, false box). S.

LUDWEGIA. Calyx 4 parted, persistent: corol sometimes 0: capsule quadrangular, 4-celled, inferior, many-seeded. 17. 88.-S.

B. Flowers inferior.

(1-petalled). Planta'yo. Calyx 4-cleft : corolla 4-cleft, reflexed : capsule 2-celled, opening transversely : stamens exsert, very long. 54. 31—(plantain, ribwort). S.

Ecu'um. Calyx 5-parted ; segments subulate, erect: corol sub-campanu. late; tube very short; border unequally 5-lobed, the lower segment acute and reflexed; orifice naked : stigma bifid ; seeds tuberculate, not perforated at the base. 41. 42.

Southern LY'cium. Corolla tubular, having the throat closed by the beards of the filaments : stamens often 5: berry 2-celled ; many-seeded. 28. 41-(matrimony).

(A petalous) Icto'des. General calyx a spatha; spadix simple, covered with flowers ; perianth corolla-like, deeply 4-parted, permanent, becoming thick and spongy: style pyramid-form, 4-sided; stigma simple, minute ; berries globose, 2-seeded, inclosed in the spongy spadix receptacle: 2.7—(skunk-cabbage).

ORDER II.. DIGYNIA.

HAMAME'LIS. Involucrum 3-leaved : perianth 4-leaved or 4-cleft: petals 4, very long, linear : nut 2-celled, 2-horned. 54. 78—(witch-hazel). Flowers in autumn, and perfects its seed the following spring. S.

I'lEx. Calyx minute, 4 or 5-toothed : corolla 4-parted, wheel-form : style 0 : stigmas 4; berry 4-celled, cells 1-seeded. 43. 95–-(holly).

ORDER IV.

TETRAGYNIA.

CLASS V. PENTANDRIA.

MONOGYNIA.

ORDER I.
A. Flowers 1.petalled, inferior ; seeds naked in the bottom of the calyz.

ROUGH-LEAVED PLANTS. Myoso'tis. Calyx half 5-cleft or 5-cleft; corolla salver-form, curved, 5. cleft, vaulted, the lobes slightly emarginate ; throat closed with 5 convex converging scales : seeds smooth or echinate. 41 42--(scorpion grass). S.

CYNOGLOSSUM. Calyx 5-parted : corolla short, funnel-form, vaulted; throat closed by 5 converging convex processes ; seeds depressed, affixed laterally to the style. 41. 42—(hound-tongue). S.

Exotic. Bora'go. Corolla wheel-form, the throat closed with rays. 41. 42—(borage). ANCHU'SA. Calyx 5-parted ; corolla funnel-form, vaulted ; throat closed;

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seeds marked at the base, and their surface generally veined. 41. 42—(bugloss).

SYM"PHYTUM. Limb, or upper part of the corolla, tubular-swelling; the throat closed with subulato rays. 41. 42(comfrey).

Southern. HELIOTRO'pium. Calyx tubular, 5-toothed; corolla salver-form, 5-cleft, with teeth or folds between the divisions; throat open. (Spikes recurved, involute). 41. 42—(turnsol).

B. Flowers l_petalled, inferior; seeds covered.

(Capsule 1 celled). ANAGAL"LIS. Calyx 5 parted; corolla wheel-form, deeply 5-lobed ; capsule opening transversely, globose, many-seeded ; stamens hairy. 20. 34(scarlet pimpernel). S.

LYSIMACH"IA. Calyx 5-cleft; corolla wheel-form, 5-cleft; capsule 1-celled, globular, 5 or 10-valved, mucronate ; stigma obtuse. (In some species the filaments are united at the base). 20. 34--(loose-strife). s.

Pri'MULA. Umbellets involucred : calyx tubular, 5-toothed ; corolla salverform, 5-lobed ; tube cylindric; throat open ; divisions of corolla emarginate ; capsule l-celled with a 10-cleft mouth : stigma globular. 21. 34-(primrose cowslip).

(Capsule 2-celledrarely 3-celled). VERBAS"cum. Calyx 5-parted ; corolla wheel-form, 5 lobed, somewhat ir, regular ; stamens declined, hairy ; capsules 2-celled, 2-valved ; valves inflexod when ripened, many-seeded. 28.41-(mullein). S.

NICOTIA'NA. Calyx urceolate, sub-tubular, 5-cleft; corolla funnel-form, 5-cleft, limb plaited : stigma notched, capitate; stamens inclined ; capsules 2-celled, 2 to 4-valved. 28.41—(tobacco).

Convol"VULUS. Calyx 5-parted, with or without 2 bracts ; corolla funnelform, plaited ; stigma 2-cleft or double ; cells of the capsule 2 or 3 ; each one or 2 seeded. 29. 43—(bind-weed). S.

IpomÆ'A. Calyx 5-cleft ; naked; corolla funnel or bell-form, with 5 folds ; stigma globe-headed, papillose ; capsule 2 or 3-celled, many seeded. 29. 43(cypress vine, morning glory). Š.

(Capsule 3 to 5 celled). Philox. Calyx prismatic, 5-cleft ; segments converging : corolla salverform, 5-lobed, with a tube somewhat curved ; filaments unequal in length, attached to the inside of the tube of the corolla ; stigmas 3-clett ; cells 1 seeded, seeds oblong, concave. 20.44—(lichnedia). S.

DATU'RA." Calyx tubular, angled, caducous, with a permanent orbicular base ; corolla funnel-form, plaited ; capsule 4-valved, 2-celled, and each cell half divided ; generally thorny. 28.41-(thorn-apple). S.

Aza'LEA. Calyx 5-parted ; corolla tubular, half 5-cleft, somewhat oblique ; stamens on the receptacle, declined ; stigma declined, obtuse, usually ending with 5 short papillæ ; capsule 5-celled, 5-valved, opening at the top. 18.50 (wild honeysuckle). S.

VIN"ca. Corolla salver-form, twisted, border 5-cleft, with oblique divisions ; throat 5-angled ; seed naked, oblong; follicle-like capsules 2, erect, terete, 30. 47.

(Seed in a berry). SOLA'NUM. Calyx 5 to 10-parted, permanent ; corolla bell or wheel-form, 5-lobed, plaited ; anthers thickened, partly, united, with two pores at the top; berry containing many seeds, 2 to 6-celled. 28. 41--potatoe, nightshade, bitter-sweet). S.

Exotic CAPSICUM. Corolla wheel-form; berry juiceless, inflated ; anthers converging ; calyx angular. 28.41—(red pepper).

C. Flowers 1-petuiled, superior.

(Seeds in a capsule.) Campan"ULA. Calyx mostly 5-cleft; corolla bell-form, closed at the bottom by valves bearing the flattened stamens ; stigma 3 to 5-cleft ; capsules 3 to 5-celled, opening by lateral pores. 29.52--(bell-fower). S.

LOBE'LIA Calyx 5-cleft; corolla irregular, often irregularly slitted ; anthers cohering, and somewhat curved ; stigma 2-lobed ; capsule 2 or 3-celled. 29. 52(cardinal flower, wild tobacco). S.

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narrow.

DIERVIL"LA. Calyx oblong, 5-cleft, with 2 bracts ; corolla 5-cleft, twice as long as the calyx, funnel-form ; border 5-cleft, spreading ; stigma capitate ; capsule oblong, 4-celled, naked, many-seeded. 48 58—(bush honeysuckle. S.

(Seeds in a berry.) LONICE'RA. CAPIFO'LIUM. Calyx 5-toothed'; corolla tubular, long, 5-cleft, unequal ; stamens exsert ; stigmas globose ; berry 2 or 3-celled, distinct ; seeds many. 48. 58.-(trumpet honey suckle). S.

Xylos"TEUM. Calyx 5-toothed, with 2 connate bracts ; corolla tubular; border 5-parted, nearly equal ; berries in pairs, united at their bases, or combined in one ; 2-celled. 48. 58--(fly honeysuckle, twin-berry).

Erotic. MIRA'BILIS. Corolla funnel-form, coarctate (compressed or narrowed) bolow ; calyx inferior ; germ between the calyx and corolla ; stigma globular. 54. 32--(four-o'clock).

D. Flowers 5-petalled, inferior.

(Seed in a capsule.) IMPATIENS. Calyx 2-leaved, deciduous; corolla irregular, spurred; anthers cohering at the top ; capsule 5-valved, bursting elastically when ripe. 24. 73-(touch-me-not, jewel weed). S.

Vi'ola. Calyx 5-1 eaved or deeply 5-cleft, corolla irregular, with a horn behind (sometimes the horn is wanting or a mere prominence); anthers attached by a membranous tip, or slightly cohering ; capsule 1-celled, 3 valved. 29. 80. -(violet). S.

CLAYTO'NIA. Calyx 2-leaved or 2-parted, the leaves valve-like : corolla 3 petalled, emarginate: stigma 3-cleft : capsule 1-celled, 3-valved, 3 to 5-seeded. 13. 86--(spring beauty). S.

CEAN'othus. Petals scale-like, vaulted : claws long, standing in the 5-cleft, cup-form calyx; stigma 3 berry or capsule dry, 3-grained, 3-celled, 3-seeded, 3-parted, opening on the inner side. 43. 95—(New Jersey tea) S.

CELAS"TRUS. Calyx 5-lobed, flat : corolla spreading : capsule obtusely 3 angled, 3-celled, berry-like : valves bearing the partitions on their centres ; cells l'or 2-seeded : stamens standing around a glandular 5-toothed disk: style thick : stigma 3-cleft : seeds calyptred or arilled. 43. 95—(staff tree, false bittersweet).

Erotic. GOMPHRE"NA. Calyx 5-leaved, coloured ; exterior one 3-leaved; 2 leafets converging, keeled ; petals 5, villose, (or rather no corolla ;) nectary cylindric, 5-toothed : capsule opening transversely, 1-seeded : style semi-bifid. 55. 30– (bachelor's button).

(Seed in a berry.) Vitis. Calyx 5-toothed, minute : petals cohering at the tip, hood-like, withering : style 0: stigma obtuse, capitate : berry 5-seeded, globular, often diecious ; seeds sub-cordate. 46. 72—(grape vine). S.

AMPELOP'SIS. Cissus, calyx, minute, 4-5-toothed : petals 4-5, unconnected above, deciduous : germ surrounded with a glandulous disk : berry 2-4 seeded 46. 72. S.

E. Flowers 5-petalled, inferior. Ri'BES. Calyx bell-form, 5-cleft, (sometimes flat): corolla and stamens inserted on the calyx : style 2-cleft : berry many-seeded 36. 85 -(currant, gooseberry). S.

Erotic. HED'ERA. Petals oblong : berry 5-seeded, surrounded by the calyy: style simple. 46. 58(European ivy).

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A. Corolla 1-petalled, inferior. GENTIA'NA. Calyx 4 or 5-cleft : corolla with a tubular base, bell-form, without pores, 4 or 5-cleft: stigmas 2, sub-sessile : capsule 1-celled oblong : columellas 2, longitudinal : stamens but 4, when the divisions of corolla are 4. 47. 46—(gentian).

Cus"cuta. Calyx 4 or 5-cleft, corolla 4 or 5-cleft, sub-campanulate, wither

ing: capsule 2-celled, dividing transversely at the base ; seeds binate. 29. 43 (dodder).

B. Corolla 5-petalled. Pa'nax. Polygamous. Umbelled. Involucrum many-leaved : calyx 5. toothed in the perfect flower, superior : berry heart-form, 2 or 3-seeded : calyx in the staminate flower, entire. 46. 59.-(ginseng).

C. Corolla wanting. CHENOPO'DIUM. Calyx 5-parted, obtusely 5-angled, inferior : style deeply 2cleft : seed 1, lens-like, horizontal, invested by the calyx. 12. 29-(pigweed, oak of Jerusalem). S.

UL"MUS. Calyx bell-form, withering ; border 4 or 5-cleft : seed 1, enclosed in a flat membranaceous samara. (Stamens vary from 4 to 8). 53. 99— (elm). S.

Exotic. BE'TA. Calyx 5-leaved : seed kidney-form within the fleshy substance of the base of the calyx. 12. 29~(beet). D. Plants umbelliferous : flowers 5-petalled, superior: seeds 2.

(Seeds prickly or hispid.) Sanic"ULA. Seeds with hooked prickles, oblong, solid : umbels nearly simple, capitate : flowers polygamous : , involucre few-fluwered: calyx 3-parted, permanent. 45. 60. §.

DA'UCUS. Seeds striate on their joining sides : outer sides convex, having hispid ribs : involucrum pinnatifid : flowers sub-radiated, abortive in the disk. 45. 60—(carrot). S.

URASPER"MUM. SCANDIX. MYRRHIS. CHAEROPHYLLUM. Seeds sublinear, solid, acute-angled, not striate; ribs 5-acute ; angles a little furrowed, hispid; the joining sides furrowed, and attached to a 2-cleft columella-like receptacle : style subulate, permanent, rendering the seed caudate : involucrum none or few-leaved. Fruit stiped, oblanceolate, polished, part of it hispid. 45. 60—(sweet cicely).

(Seeds with wing-like ribs.) ANGEL"ICA. Seeds with three ribs on their backs, and winged margins : intervals between the ribs grooved : germ oval, corticate ; general involucrum

45. 60—(angelica). Pastina'ca. Seeds emarginate at the apex, somewhat winged : ribs 3 be. sides the wings : intervals striate ; joining sides 2-striate : germ oval, com. pressed, perianth-calyx entire : petals entire, incurved, sub-equal involucrum none. 45. 60-(parsnip).

Exotic. ANE'THUM. Seeds flat or convex, 5-ribbed : germ lenticular, compressed : calyx and petals entire: involucrums none. 45. 60—(fennel, dill).

(Seeds with 3 ribs, nearly equal.)

Erotic. CA'RUM. Seeds oblong-ovate, striate: petals carinate, emarginate, inflexed; involucrum about 1-leaved. 45. 60—(caraway).

(Seeds with 5 ribs, nearly equal.) CO'NIUM. Seeds 5-ribbed; ribs at first crenate with flat intervals between them ; germ ovate, gibbous ; perianth entire ; petals unequal, cordate, inflexed; general involucrum about three to 5-leaved : partial ones mostly 3-leaved, uni. lateral. 45. 60—(poison hemlock).

Cicu'ta. Seeds gibbous-convex ; ribs 5, obtuse, converging, with intervening tuberculate grooves and prominences; joining sides flat; germ sub-globose, corticate, compressed laterally; calyx obsolete, 5-toothed ; petals cordate inflexed ; partial involucrums 5 or 6-leaved, or wanting. 45. 60—(water hemlock). "S.

Exotic. A'rium. Seeds convex externally ; ribs 5, small, a little prominent ; germ sub-globose; perianth entire ; petals equal, roundish, inflexed at the apex; involucrum 1 to 3-leaved or wanting. 45. 60—(celery, parsley).

CORIAN"DRUM. Seeds sub-spherical ; germ spherical ; perianth 5-toothed ; petals cordate inflexed, outer ones largest ; involucrum 1-leaved, or wanting. 45. 60--(coriander).

none.

ORDER III.

Southern. ARETHU'SA. Fruit ovate, sub-solid, having bark; ribs acute and turgid, intervals acute-angled ; joining sides flat, striate ; involucrum 1-sided, or none. 45. 60—(fools' parsley).

TRIGYNIA.

A. Flowers superior. VIBUR"NUM. Calyx 5-parted or 5-toothed, small ; corolla bell-form, 5-cleft, with spreading or reflexed lobes ; stigmas almost sessile: berry or drupe 1. seeded. 43. 58--(snowball, sheep-berry, high cranberry). S.

SAMBU'CUS. Calyx 5-parted or 5-cleft, small ; corolla sub-urceolate, 5-cleft; stigma minute, sessile : berry globose, l-celled, 3-seeded. 43. 58~(elder), S.

B. Flowers inferior. Ruus. Calyx 5-parted, ; petals 5 ; berry 1-seeded, small, sub-globular. 43. 94—(sumach, poison-ivy). S.

STAPHYLE'A. Calyx 5-parted, coloured ; petals 5 on the margin of a glandular 5-angled disk ; capsules inflated, connate ; nuts globular, having a cicatrice, 1 or 2 remaining in each capsule, though several appear as rudiments while in bloom. 23. 95--(bladder nut). s.

TETRAGYNIA. Parnas"SIA. Calyx inferior, permanent, 5-parted; corolla 5-petalled ; nec. taries 5-fringed, with stamen-like divisions ; globular tips ; stigmas sessile ; capsule 4-valved, 1 or 2-celled ; seed membranaceous margined. 14. 64—(parnassus grass, flowering plantain). S.

ORDER IV.

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ARA'LIA. Umbellets involucred ; perianth 5-toothed, superior; petals 5 ; stigmas sessile, sub-globose ; berry crowned, 5-celled ; cells l-seeded. 46. 59 -(spikenard, wild sarsaparilla). Š.

LI'NUM. Calyx 5-leaved or 5-parted, permanent; corolla 5.petalled, inferior, with claws ; capsule 5 or 10-valved, 10 celled ; seeds solitary, ovate, compressed ; filaments spreading or united at the base. 14. 73—(flax). S.

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Dros"Era. Calyx inferior, deeply 5-cleft, permanent ; petals 5, marcescent; anthers adnate ; styles 6, or one deeply divided; capsule round, 1 or 3-celled, many seeded; valves equalling the number of stigmas. 20. 68—(sundew). The leaves of all the species are beset with glandular hairs resembling dew. S.

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ZANTHORHIZA. Calyx 0; petals 5; nectaries 5, pedicelled ; capsule half 2-valved, 1-seeded, about 5 in number. 26. 61-(yellow root). S.

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A. Flowers having a perianth and corolla, without a spatha. TRADESCAN'TIA. Calyx inferior, 3-leaved; corolla 3-petalled ; filaments with jointed beards ; capsules 3-celled, many seeded. 6. 13-(spider-wort). S.

Ber"Beris. MAHONIA. Calyx inferior, 6-leaved ; petals 6, with 2 glands at the claw of each ; style 0; berry 1-celled, 2 or 4-seeded (stigma umbilicate; stamens spring up on being irritated). 54. 78—(barberry.) S.

CLEO'ME. Calyx 4-leaved, inferior; petals 4, ascending to one side ; glands 3, one at each sinuate division of the calyx except the lowest ; stamens from 6 to 20, or more ; capsule stiped or sessile, silique-like, often 1-celled, 2-valved. Does not belong to the class Tetradynamia by its natural or artificial charac

It has no silique, though the capsule appears like a silique, until it is opened. 25. 64--(false mustard).

B. Flowers having a spatha or glume, without a perianth. AMARYL"LIS. Corolla superior, 6-petalled, unequal; filaments unequal in proportion or direction, declined, inserted in the throat of the tube. 9. 17(atamask lily). S.

AL"LIUM. Spatha many-flowered ; corolla inferior, 6„parted, very deeply

ters.

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