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Thou mak'st thy knife keen; for no metal can,
Shy. No, none that thou hart wit enough to make.
Gra. O be thou damn’d, inexorable dog,
bond, Thou but offend'it thy langs to speak so loud. Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall To cureless ruin, I ftand here for law. (27) but this was our author's antithesis ; as it is so usual with him to play on words in this manner: and that from the mouth of his most serious characters. So in Romeo and Juliet ;
- You have dancing Mhoes, With nimble foales; I have a joul of lead,
That stakes me to the ground; I cannot move. And again, immediately after.
I am too fore enpierced with his shaft,
To fare with his light feathers. So in King Jcbn:
O, lawful let it be, That I have room with Rome to curse awhile ! And, in Julius Cælur;
Now is it Rome, indeed; and room enough,
When there is in it but one only man.
ang farther instances.
(27) To caieless ruin.] This, I am sure, is a signal instance of Mr. Pope's carelessness, for both the old 4to's i ave it cureless. The players in their edition, for some particular whim, chang'd the word to endless; which Mr. Ruwe bas copied, because, I presume, he had never seen the old Quarro's. Our author has used this epithet, curelifs, again in his prem, callid, Tarquin and Lucrece. St. 111.
O, hateful, vapoious and foggy night!
Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend A young
and learned Doctor to our Court. Where is he?
Ner. He attendeth here hard by
Duke. With all my heart. Some three or four of you
OUR Grace shall understand, that, at the receipt of
your letter, I am very fick: but at the instant that your messenger came, in loving visitation was with me a young Doctor of Rome, his name is Balthazar: I acquainted bin with the cause in controverjy between the Jew and Anthonio the merchant. We turri'd o'er
books together: he is furnished zvith my opinion, which, battered with his own learning, (the greatness whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes with him at my inportunity, to fill up your Grace's request in my stead. I beseech you, let bis lack of years be no impediment to let him lack a reverend estimation: For I never knew jo young a body with fo old a head, I leave him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his commendation.
Enter Portia, dress'd like a Dostor of Laws. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he writes, And here, I take it, is the Doctor come : Give me your hand. Came you from old Bellaria?
Por. I did, my lord.
Duke. You're welcome : take your place.
Por. I am informed throughly of the case.
Duke. Anthonio and old Shylock, both stand forth.
follow; Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law Cannot impugn you, as you do proceed. You stand within his danger, do you not ? [To Anth.
Ant. Ay, so he says.
Por. The quality of mercy is not ftrain'd;
mercy ; And that same pray'r doth teach us all to render The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much To mitigate the justice of thy plea; Which, if thou follow, this strict Court of Venice Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there.
Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, The penalty and forfeit of my bond.
Por. Is he not able to discharge the money?
Bal. Yes, here I tender it for him in the Court, Yea, twice the sum; if that will not suffice, I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart. If this will not suffice, it must appear Chat malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, (28)
(28) That malice bears durun truth.) I propos'd, in my SHAKESPEAR E refor’d, ro read rutb here; i e. Compassion, mercy. But upon more mature advice, I believe, the text needs no alteration, Truih may mean here, reason; the reasonable ofl'ers of accommodation, which we have made.
Wreft once the law to your authority.
Por. It must not be, there is no pow's in Venice
Shy. A Daniel come to judgment ! yea, a Daniel,
Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.
Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heav'n.
Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour.
of man To alter me.
I stay here on my bond.
Por. Why, then thus it is :
Shy. O noble judge ! O excellent young man!
Por. For the intent and purpose of the law
Shy. 'Tis very true. O wise and upright judge,
Shy. Ay, his breast;
Por. It is so. Are there fcales, to weigh the flesh?
Pór. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your charge, To stop his wounds, left he should bleed to death.
Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ?
Shy. I cannot find it ; 'tis not in the bond.
Ant. But little : I am arm’d, and well prepar'd.
Baj. Anthonio, I am married to a wife,
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for that, If she were by to hear you make the offer:
Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love; I would, she were in heaven, fo The could 4