Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
Observations and Theories One of the most powerful and bewitching ways of
understanding facts has been to think of them as observations of how the world is
. Do I see a table there or not? Was that a blip on the photon scintillator or not?
Thus Collins takes issue with the stories that scientists tell about gravity waves,
the quality of experiments, and more generally how science progresses; yet, at
the same time, he is accepting their general common-sense understanding of the
Ethnomethodology is the study of people's methods for conducting social life in
an accountable way; one of its principal topic areas is thus the methods people
use for producing and understanding factual descriptions. Although ...
What ethnomethodology offers instead is a model of understanding which
depends on sense being recovered from utterances in context using a range
ofmethods of sense making (Heritage, 1984). Language understanding in this
view is not a ...
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts