Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
First, it provides an overview ofthe main traditions of work on fact construction: the
sociology of scientific knowledge, the closely related perspectives of
ethnomethodology and conversation analysis, and the 'structural tradition' of
Although much ofit is characterized as the sociology ofscience, or the sociology
of scientific knowledge, in the last two decades one of the notable features of the
field is the wide interdisciplinary collaboration among sociologists, philosophers
Before focusing directly on that, however, I will turn to the other major feature of
Mertonian sociology of science, which is its concentration on error. Sociology
ofError Although Merton stressed the importance ofthe set of norms for guiding
turned into a psychological and sociological concern with the role of expectations
, machineries and communal practices. Unlike the traditional sociology of science
, which effectively locked the content of factual knowledge away from the prying ...
Interestingly, the consequences of this traditional view of language for social
analysis have been similar to the effects ofthe Mertonian model in sociology of
science. It leads to a social science focused on error where what is factual
requires no ...
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts