Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
If even white-coated scientists, with all their training and technical back-up,
produce facts which are in some way problematic, then what hope for barristers,
newspaper reporters or 'ordinary people'? This argument makes many
That is, norms can be seen as one element in the persuasive armoury that
scientists draw on when they are arguing with other scientists or attempting to
legitimate the practice of science as a whole. This brings us to the question right
at the ...
If the network is going to be readjusted in the way Quine suggests, this will
involve groups of scientists changing their theoretical commitments, learning new
methods, abandoning favoured and laboriously acquired standard models of ...
Following Weber's claim, a number of other groups of scientists attempted to find
gravitational radiation using similar apparatus. None of them found success.
Collins examined the published papers and disputes between these scientists as
Thus Collins takes issue with the stories that scientists tell about gravity waves,
the quality of experiments, and more generally how science progresses; yet, at
the same time, he is accepting their general common-sense understanding of the
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts