Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
And fiction, too, ironically but interestingly, is full of realist description striving to
make characters believable and plots coherent. This book is concerned with two
closely related sets of questions. First, how are descriptions produced so they will
Rather than arguing directly with realism, the sorts of rhetorical devices that are
used to shore up a realist position have been analysed (Gergen, 1994; Potter,
1992). There are certain common tropes that realists use to attack the coherence
I will take three areas ofdifficulty in turn: Collins' use ofa realist perspective to
understand the social world; the leaking away of his relativism in analytic practice
; his treatment of accounts of rhetoric as non-rhetorical. To address these points
Variability of this kind is profoundly troubling for the kind of realist story Collins is
telling. It poses the question of how Collins decided on his particular version of
Quest's effectiveness, or on his version of what is happening in the field more ...
It represents another attempt to develop a realist version of a particular arena of
scientific work; indeed, it is even more ambitious, for not only does it depend on
producing a realist account of scientific events, beliefs and groupings but it also ...
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts