Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
If you can succeed in showing that scientific fact generation deviates from
idealized models, then you expect that fact generation in other realms is likely to
be even further from those models (Collins, 1985). If even white-coated scientists,
Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction Jonathan Potter. Collins, Relativism
and Facts At thisjuncture it is useful for us to take stock of what is valuable in
Collins' approach in order to consider how far it could provide the basis for a
Collins is treating science as you might a car engine: here is the distributor, over
there the spark plugs, when the pistons move they turn the crankshaft, and so on.
Thus Collins takes issue with the stories that scientists tell about gravity waves, ...
Variability of this kind is profoundly troubling for the kind of realist story Collins is
telling. It poses the question of how Collins decided on his particular version of
Quest's effectiveness, or on his version of what is happening in the field more ...
This discussion has taken us some way from central features of Collins' Empirical
Programme of Relativism. However, its value is in introducing issues which will
appear repeatedly in different guises in the course ofwork on fact construction.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts