Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 51 筆
First, how are descriptions produced so they will be treated as factual? That is,
how are they made to appear solid, neutral, independent of the speaker, and to
be merely mirroring some aspect ofthe world? How can a factual description be ...
Like money on the international markets, truth can be treated as a commodity
which is worked up, can fluctuate, and can be strengthened or weakened by
various procedures of representation. The Anecdotalizer This extract is from a ...
A second important feature of the book is its emphasis on taking a 'symmetrical'
stance to knowledge that is treated as true and false. As they put it: 'It is our
contention, then, that the sociology of knowledge must concern itself with
However, these deviations were treated as exceptions - indeed, for Merton they
must be exceptions, for without their general effectiveness scientific facts would
not have the special status they do. Merton suggested that these deviations from
Now relativism is a complex and fiercely contested notion in the social sciences,
and one which is often treated as a straightforward term of abuse: someone has '
fallen into' a relativist position; the 'spectre of relativism' has to be avoided ...
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts