Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 27 筆
Contents Acknowledgements Introduction 1 Welcome to the fact factory 2
Preparations 6 Precursors Overview of the book Social Studies of Science
Traditional sociology of science Philosophy and scientific facts Sociology of
This offered a radical reappraisal of traditional views of scientific facts and is still
a site for heated debate between sociologists, philosophers and scientists. The
chapter describes traditional sociology of science, and a range of challenges to it
Indeed, the traditional sociology of science, which held sway until the 1970s, now
seems striking in its conservatism and its resistance to a thoroughgoing
exploration of the social basis and context of facts. It is worth briefly considering
turned into a psychological and sociological concern with the role of expectations
, machineries and communal practices. Unlike the traditional sociology of science
, which effectively locked the content of factual knowledge away from the prying ...
... underlined by the use ofa powerful analogy, which has implications for the
analysis of fact production more generally. Collins (1985) suggested that when
we deal with scientific knowledge it is often like studying the sorts of traditional
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts