Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 47 筆
This offered a radical reappraisal of traditional views of scientific facts and is still
a site for heated debate between sociologists, philosophers and scientists. The
chapter describes traditional sociology of science, and a range of challenges to it
If even white-coated scientists, with all their training and technical back-up,
produce facts which are in some way problematic, then what hope for barristers,
newspaper reporters or 'ordinary people'? This argument makes many
Merton argued that, when they conformed to these values, people were starting
to view their world more in the manner of modern scientists, and thus starting to
act in a way that facilitated the production of objective facts. In an extension ofthis
That is, norms can be seen as one element in the persuasive armoury that
scientists draw on when they are arguing with other scientists or attempting to
legitimate the practice of science as a whole. This brings us to the question right
at the ...
their knowledge and were led to focus their attention on facts that scientists had
already discarded as mistaken for one reason or another. Given this selfimposed
limit on analysis it is perhaps not surprising that the crucial developments that ...
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts