Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 50 筆
Mr Turnbull: And what is the difference between an untruth and a misleading
impression? Sir Robert: The question is rather one of being economical with the
truth. This example illustrates a number of relevant themes. Note first that the
The focus is on the way people construct descriptions as factual, and how others
undermine those constructions. This does not require an answer to the
philosophical question of what factuality is. Nevertheless, this approach cannot
fail to ...
For example, rather than trying to solve the philosophical question of free will,
John Austin (1961) suggested it might be more constructive to consider the way
people account for freedom and constraint. Rather than arguing directly with
... struggled to account successfully for one of the most pervasive phenomena in
language use which is, to put it crudely, the separation of form and function. Thus
when we say 'can you pass the salt' we are not asking a question about abilities ...
This brings us to the question right at the heart ofthis current book. How are
descriptions made to seem literal and factual? In this case, how can scientists
describe their individual activities in a way that presents them as following from
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts