Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 50 筆
Again, this is not a problem for Austin in so far as he is seen as developing a
philosophical argument, but it starts to become an important problem when
Austin's work is drawn on as the basis for an analytic programme for studying
Another problem lies with Austin's treatment of statements as actions. This is a
radical first step in the study of fact construction, but the procedure of basing
arguments on decontextualized invented examples leads him to miss one of the ...
What is 'here and now' presented to me in everyday life is the realissimum of my
consciousness. (1966: 36) The sorts of problems that this kind of 'cognitivism'
generates are discussed in various places below, but particularly in Chapters 4
The major point of interest for us is the way in which the problem of fact
production was initially constructed in Merton's work. Essentially, it started from a
received view of the nature of scientific facts - that they are impersonal,
The lesson, and the problem for empiricism, is that we may see what we expect
rather than just what is there. These are rather artificial examples and their
relation to actual scientific practice is open to question. Practices of observation
in the ...
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts