Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 48 筆
... testimony, as opposed to what is merely inferred, or to a conjecture or fiction' (
OED). The interest in facts in this book is attributional rather than actual. That is,
the topic is what participants count as factual rather than what is actually factual.
The alternative to methodological relativism would be to assume a knowledge of
astrophysics greater than the participants (a tempting but unlikely claim!) or
simply to treat the beliefs of whoever is currently successful as right. That would
Although the gravity-wave study was conducted mainly through two major
interview tours, along with extensive reading of the gravity-wave literature,
Collins characterizes what he is doing as developing his participant
comprehension of the ...
They give examples ofthe way relativist studies of scientific controversies - for
example, over the value of vitamin C in cancer treatment - can be treated as
asymmetrical by the participants. As studies of this kind are showing the flexibility
in the ...
Instead, the analyst will be indifferent to whether some set of claims is widely
treated by participants as 'true' or 'false'. Truth and falsity can be studied as
moves in a rhetorical game, and will be treated as such rather than as prior
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts