Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 53 筆
By modifying the phrase, reporters, cartoonists and others can draw delicately on
the original and familiar meaning to ironize some claims and arguments. More
generally, the notion of an economy of truth serves as an appropriate metaphor ...
This chapter also discusses the notion of footing - for example, is the speaker
claiming or merely reporting? This has an important role in fact construction. The
discussion here concentrates on the way neutrality with respect to a claim may be
... notion that scientific beliefs are bound together in complex networks; and an
emphasis on scientific communities and practices. Observations and Theories
One of the most powerful and bewitching ways of understanding facts has been
The notion of a web of beliefs is a very abstract one. Kuhn's important
modification was to stress that such a network does not hang in some abstract
conceptual space, but is embodied in the knowledge and practices of specific
groups of ...
Now relativism is a complex and fiercely contested notion in the social sciences,
and one which is often treated as a straightforward term of abuse: someone has '
fallen into' a relativist position; the 'spectre of relativism' has to be avoided ...
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts