Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 34 筆
But in the course of a brilliantly argued set of lectures he showed that the
distinction could not be sustained. He proposed a general theory of speech acts
which treats all utterances to be both performing actions and having features that
Merton argued that, when they conformed to these values, people were starting
to view their world more in the manner of modern scientists, and thus starting to
act in a way that facilitated the production of objective facts. In an extension ofthis
Philosophers such as Mary Hesse (1974) have argued that scientists work with
descriptive terms - mass, mitochondria, muscle fibre - that presuppose a whole
set of theoretical assumptions; and if we try to unpack these assumptions, and ...
Kuhn argued, on the basis of historical case studies, that instead of putting the
network into a state of minor but continual disruption, the community of scientists
will carry on doing 'normal science' in the face of anomalies and problems that ...
Collins argued that, if they are to avoid becoming public relations managers for
science, then social analysts need to adopt a relativist stance. Now relativism is a
complex and fiercely contested notion in the social sciences, and one which is ...
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts