Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 57 筆
Descriptions are so bound up with our lives that virtually any conversation
includes reports of events and actions. We read newspapers and watch
television programmes which overflow with real life stories and varied factual
claims. Factual ...
The anecdotalizing in this case is geared to actions such as assigning blame and
showing who needs to change their behaviour. These three examples are
intended to provide an initial orientation to the themes that will be explored in
Language is used to do things; it is a medium of action. Initially, he built a
plausible distinction between two classes of utterances. On the one hand, there
are utterances that state things: 'Loughborough is in the middle of England'; on
the other, ...
Another problem lies with Austin's treatment of statements as actions. This is a
radical first step in the study of fact construction, but the procedure of basing
arguments on decontextualized invented examples leads him to miss one of the ...
For example, Michael Lynch (1994) notes the way in astronomy the term
observation serves as a rather loose device for collecting together a range of
actions such as setting up the position ofa telescope, connecting a particular
sensor to it, ...
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7 Working Up Representations
8 Criticizing Facts