Evolutionary Ecology of Parasites: From Individuals to Communities
Springer Science & Business Media, 1998 - 212 頁
Parasites evolve under selective pressures which are different from those acting on free-living organisms. The aim of this textbook is to present these pressures and to show how they have shaped the ecology of parasites over evolutionary time. Broad theoretical concepts are explained simply and clearly and illustrated throughout with example organisms. The book will be an invaluable text for advanced undergraduate biologists who are studying evolutionary biology, ecology, population biology, parasitology and evoluationary ecology. It will also prove to be a valuable reference to postgraduate students and researchers in the same fields.
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Origins of parasitism and complex life cycles
Evolution of parasite life history strategies
Strategies of host exploitation
causes and consequences
Parasite population dynamics
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adaptive adult parasites Anderson asite assemblages associations biology Bothriocephalus cercariae cestode colonization competition complex life cycles component communities copepods definitive host density density-dependent digeneans distribution of parasites ectoparasites effects egg production evolution of parasite evolutionary ecology evolved example extinction favoured fecundity female Figure fish species free-living fundamental niches genetic Guegan habitat harbour helminths host and parasite host behaviour host individuals host population host species host switching host-parasite increases infected hosts infective stages infracommunities infrapopulation sizes instance intermediate host interspecific competition interspecific interactions intestinal helminths invertebrates isopods larvae manipulation monogeneans Morand nematodes null model number of host number of parasites offspring parasite aggregation parasite body parasite communities parasite faunas parasite life cycles parasite lineages parasite population parasite species parasite-induced Parasitology patterns phylogenetic phylogeny Poulin predation predictable prevalence reproductive result Rohde schistosomes sex ratios snail species richness strategies studies target host taxa tion variables variance-to-mean ratio virulence worms
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