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Free soil, free men, free speech, Frémont.
The Republican Party rallying cry in 1856.
According to Brady (“Clavis Calendaria "), this designation arose
from the fact that in an old romance a prince of the name of Cris-
Marry, because you have drank with the King,
Gentlemen of the French guard, fire first.
Lord C. Hay at the battle of Fontenoy, 1745. To which the Comte
d'Auteroches replied, “Sir, we never fire first ; please to fire your. selves." – FOURNIER : L'Esprit dans l'histoire.
Good as a play.
An exclamation of Charles II. when in Parliament attending the dis
cussion of Lord Ross's Divorce Bill. The king remained in the House of Peers while his speech was taken
into consideration, - a common practice with him ; for the debates
Sir William Temple.
Greatest happiness of the greatest number.
That action is best which procures the greatest happiness for the great
est numbers. — HUTCHESON : Inquiry concerning Moral Good and
Evil, sect. 3. (1720.)
pronounce this sacred truth, – thit the greatest happiness of the
THAM : Works, vol. x. p. 142.
on Crimes and Punishments.” (1761.)
Hanging of his cat on Monday
Drunken Barnaby's Four Journeys (edition of 1803, p. 5).
Tobias Hobson (died 1630) was the first man in England that let out
hackney horses. When a man came for a horse he was led into the
Where to elect there is but one,
chap. ir. p. 326.
Intolerable in Almighty God to a black beetle.
Lord Coleridge remarked that Maule told him he said in the
"black beetle" matter: “Creswell, who had been his pupil, was on the other side in a case where he was counsel, and was very lofty in his manner. Maule appealed to the court : 'My lords, we are vertebrate animals, we are mammalia! My learned friend's manner would be intolerable in Almighty God to a black beetle.'” (Repeated to a member of the legal profession in the United States.)
to Lochow. Lochow and the adjacent districts formed the original seat of the Campbells. The expression of “a far cry to Lochow"
was proverbial. (Note to Scott's “Rob Roy," chap. xxix.)
Bacox: Henry VII, SIDNEY : On Government, vol. i. chap. ii. sect. 24.
Fuller: A Pisgah Sighl of Palestine, book iv. chap. ii. SOUTH: Ser-
Nisi suadeat intervallis.
BRACTON : Folio 1243 and fulio 420 b. Register Original, 267 a.
Mince the matter.
CERVANTES: Don Quixote, Author's Preface. SHAKESPEARE: Othello,
act ii. sc. 3. William King: Ulysses and Teresias.
Months without an R.
It is unseasonable and unwholesome in all months that have not an
R in their name to eat an oyster. BUTLER : Dyet's Dry Dinner. (1599.)
Nation of shopkeepers.
From an oration purporting to have been delivered by Samuel Adams at the State House in Philadelphia, Aug. 1, 1776. (Philadelphia, printed; London, reprinted for E. Johnson, No. 4 Ludgate Hill, 1776.) W. V. Wells, in his Life of Adams, says: “No such American edition has ever been seen, but at least four copies are known of the London issue. A German translation of this oration was printed in
1778, perhaps at Berne; the place of publication is not giren." To found a great empire for the sole purpose of raising up a people of
customers may at first sight appear a project fit only for a nation of shopkeepers. - Adam Smith : Wealth of Nations, vol. ii. book ir.
chap. rii. part 3. (1775.)
TUCKER (Dean of Gloucester) : Tract. (1766.)
TRAND BARÈRE. (June 11, 1794.)
This new page opened in the book of our public expenditures, and this
new departure taken, which leads into the bottomless gulf of civil pensions and family gratuities. — T. H. Bextox: Speech in the U. S. Senate against a grant to President Harrison's widow, April, 1841.
Nothing succeeds like success.
(Rien ne réussit comme le succès. – DUMAS: Ange Putou, rol. 2. p. 72
1854.) A French proverb.
Orthodoxy is my doxy ; Heterodoxy is another man's
on the Test Laws, " of the words orthodoxy' and 'heterodoxy;'
Paradise of fools; Fool's paradise.
The earliest instance of this expression is found in William Bullein's
“ Dialogue," p. 28 (1573). It is used by Shakespeare, Middleton, Milton, Pope, Fielding, Crabbe, and others.
Paying through the nose.
Grimm says that Odin had a poll-tax which was called in Sweden a
nose-tax; it was a penny per nose, or poll. - Deutsche Rechts Aller thümer.
It is not fit the public trusts should be lodged in the hands of any till
they are first proved, and found fit for the business they are to be
intrusted with. - MATHEW HENRY: Commentaries, Timothy iii. To execute laws is a royal ottice; to execute orders is not to be a king.
However, a political executive magistracy, thougla merely such, is a great trust.
· BURKE : On the French Revolution. When a man assumes a public trust, he should consider himself as public property
Thomas JEFFERSON (** Winter in Washington, 1807”), in a conversation with Baron Humboldt. See Rayner's
“Life of Jefferson," p. 356 (Boston, 1834). The very essence of a free government consists in considering offices
as public trusts, bestowed for the good of the country, and not for
July 13, 1835.
mon property. – CHARLES SUMNER (May 31, 1872).
Rather your room as your company.
Marriage of Wit and Wisdom (circa 1570).
Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God.
From an inscription on the cannon near which the ashes of President
John Bradshaw were lodged, on the top of a high hill near Martha
son, and in his handwriting. It was supposed to be one of Dr. Frank
Rest and be thankful.
An inscription on a stone seat on the top of one of the Highlands in
Scotland. It is also the title of one of Wordsworth's poems.
Rowland for an Oliver.
These were two of the most famous in the list of Charlemagne's twelve
peers ; and their exploits are rendered so ridiculously and equally extravagant by the old romancers, that from thence arose that say. ing amongst our plain and sensible ancestors of giving one a "Rowland for his Oliver,'' to signify the matching one incredible lie with another. - THOMAS WARBURTox.
The island of Sardinia, consisting chiefly of marshes and mountains,
has from the earliest period to the present been cursed with a noxious air, an ill-cultivated soil, and a scanty population. The convulsions produced by its poisonous plants gave rise to the expression of sardonic smile, which is as old as Homer (Odyssey, xx. 302).- Manos:
History of England, vol. i. p. 287. The explanation given by Mahon of the meaning of "sardonic smile"
is to be sure the traditional one, and was believed in by the late classical writers. But in the Homeric passage referred to, the wond is “sardanion” (oapdávrov), not "sardonion." There is no evidence that Sardinia was known to the composers of what we call Honer. It looks as though the word was to be connected with the verb oalpa, ** show the teeth ; " “grin like a dog ; " hence that the “sardonie
smile" was a "grim laugh." -- M. H. MORGAN. Sister Anne, do you see any one coming ?
The anxious question of one of the wives of Bluebeard. Stone-wall Jackson.
This saying took its rise from the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861.
Said General Bernard E. Bee, “See, there is Jackson, standing like a stone-wall."
The King is dead! Long live the King !
The death of Louis XIV. was announced by the captain of the body.
guard from a window of the state apartment. Raising his truncheon above his head, he broke it in the centre, and throwing the pieces among the crowd, exclaimed in a loud voice, "Le Roi est mort !" Then seizing another stafi, he flourished it in the air as he shouted, “Vive le Roi !” – Pardoe: Life of Louis XIV., vol. iii. p. 457,
The woods are full of them !
Alexander Wilson, in the Preface to his “American Ornithology"
(1808), quotes these words, and relates the story of a boy who had been gathering flowers. On bringing them to his mother, he said : " Look, my dear ma! What beautiful flowers I have found grow
ing in our place! Why, all the woods are full of them!” Thin red line.
The Russians dashed on towards that thin red-line streak tipped with
a line of steel. - Russell: The British Expedition to the Crimea
(revised edition), p. 187. Soon the men of the column began to see that though the scarlet line
was slender, it was very rigid and exact. — KINGLAKE: Invasion of
the Crimen, vol. iii. p. 455. The spruce beauty of the slender red line. — lbid. (sixth edition), rol.
iii. p. 248.