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We are a kind of posterity in respect to them.'

Letter to William Strahan, 1745. Remember that time is money.

Advice to a Young Tradesman, 1748. Idleness and pride tax with a heavier hand than kings and parliaments. If we can get rid of the former, we may easily bear the latter.

Letter on the Stamp Act, July 1, 1765.
Here Skugg lies snug
As a bug in a rug.

Letter to Miss Georgiana Shipley,

September, 1772. There never was a good war or a bad peace.3

Letter to Josiah Quincy, Sept. 11, 1773. You and I were long friends : you are now my enemy,

Letter to William Strahan, July 5, 1775. We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately.

At the signing of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 He has paid dear, very dear, for his whistle.

The Whistle. November, 1779. Here you would know and enjoy what posterity will say of Washington. For a thousand leagues have nearly the same effect with a thousand

years.

Letter to Washington, March 5, 1780. Our Constitution is in actual operation ; everything appears to promise that it will last; but in this world nothing is certain but death and taxes.

Letter to M. Leroy, 1789.

and I am yours.

rol. i. p. 89.

1 Byron's European fame is the best earnest of his immortality, for a foreign nation is a kind of contemporaneous posterity.

HORACE BINNEY WALLACE: Stanley, or the Recollections of a Man of the World,

2 Snug as a bug in a rug. - The Stratford Jubilee, ir. 1, 1779. 8 [t hath been said that an unjust peace is to be preferred before a

-SAMUEL BUTLER: Speeches in the Rump Parliament. Butler's Remains.

just war.

NATHANIEL COTTON. 1707-1788.

If solid happiness we prize,
Within our breast this jewel lies,

And they are fools who roam.
The world has nothing to bestow;
From our own selves our joys must flow,

And that dear hut, our home. The Fireside. Stanza 3
To be resign'd when ills betide,
Patient when favours are deni’d,

And pleas'd with favours given, Dear Chloe, this is wisdom's part; This is that incense of the heart? Whose fragrance smells to heaven.

Stanzn 11. Thus hand in hand through life we'll go; Its checker'd paths of joy and woe With cautious steps we'll tread.

Stanza 31. Yet still we hug the dear deceit.

Content. Vision ir. Hold the fleet angel fast until he bless thee. To-morrow.

HENRY FIELDING. 1707-1754.

All Nature wears one universal grin.

Tom Thumb the Great Act i. Sc. 1. Petition me no petitions, sir, to-day ; Let other hours be set apart for business. To-day it is our pleasure to be drunk; And this our queen shall be as drunk as we.

Sc. 2. When I'm not thank'd at all, I'm thank'd enough; I've done my duty, and I've done no more.

Sc. 3. Thy modesty 's a candle to thy merit.

Ibid

· The incense of the heart may rise. - PIERPONT: Every Place a Temple.

To sun myself in Huncamunca's eyes.

Tum Thumb the Great. Act i. Sc. 3. Lo, when two dogs are fighting in the streets, With a third dog one of the two dogs meets; With angry

teeth he bites him to the bone, And this dog smarts for what that dog has done. Sc. 6. I am as sober as a judge.?

Don Quixote in England. Act iii. Sc. 14. Much may be said on both sides.S

The Covent Garden Tragedy. Act i. Sc. 8. Enough is equal to a feast.*

Act v. Sc. 1. We must eat to live and live to eat.5

The Miser. Act iii. Sc. 3. Penny saved is a penny got.

Sc. 12. Oh, the roast beef of England, And old England's roast beef!

The Grub Street Opera. Act ii. Sc. 2. This story will not go down.

Tumble-dorn Dick.

1 Thus when a barber and a collier fight,

The barber beats the luckless collier – white;
The dusty collier beaves his ponderous sack,
And big with vengeance beats the barber-black.
In comes the brick-dust man, with grime o'erspread,
And beats the collier and the barber - red:
Black, red, and white in various clouds are tost,
And in the dust they raise the combatants are lost.

CHRISTOPHER SMART: The Trip to Cambridge (on

“Campbell's Specimens of the British Poets,"

vol. vi. p. 185). ? Sober as a judge. - CHARLES LAMB: Letter to Mr. and Mrs. Moxon. 3 See Addison, page 300. * See Heywood, page 20.

6 Socrates said, Bad men live that they may eat and drink, whereas good men eat and drink that they may live. — PLUTARCH: How a Young Man ought to hear Poems.

6 A penny saved is twopence dear;
A pin a day 's a groat a year.
FRANKLIX: Hints to those that would be Rich

(1736).

Can any man have a higher notion of the rule of right and the eternal fitness of things ?

Tom Jones. Book iv. Chap. iv. Distinction without a difference. Book vi. Chap. xiii. Amiable weakness.

Buok x. Chap. viii. The dignity of history.

Book xi. Chap. ii. Republic of letters.

Book xiv. Chap. i. Illustrious predecessors.8

Covent Garden Journal. Jan. 11, 1752.

WILLIAM PITT, EARL OF CHATHAM.

1708-1778. Confidence is a plant of slow growth in an aged bosom.

Speech, Jan. 14, 1766. A long train of these practices has at length unwillingly convinced me that there is something behind the throne greater than the King himself.4

Chutham Correspondence. Speech, March 2, 1770. Where law ends, tyranny begins.

Case of Wilkes. Speech, Jan. 9, 1770, Reparation for our rights at home, and security against the like future violations.5

Letter to the Earl of Shelburne, Sept. 29, 1770. If I were an American, as I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my country I never would lay down my arms,

never! never! never !

Speech, Nov. 18, 1777.

1 Amiable weaknesses of human nature. — Gibbon: Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, chap, ziv.

2 See Bolingbroke, page 304.
8 Ilustrious predecessor. — BURKE: The Present Discontents.

I tread in the footsteps of illustrious men. . . . In receiving from the people the sacred trust confided to my illustrious predecessor. -- MARTIN Van Buren: Inaugural Address, March 4, 1837.

4 Quoted by Lord Mahon, "greater than the throne itself." History of England, rol. v. p. 258. 5 “Indemnity for the past and security for the future.”

RUSSELL : Memoir of Fox, vol. iii. p. 345, Letter to the Hon. T. Maitland.

The poorest man may in his cottage bid defiance to all the force of the Crown. It may be frail; its roof may shake; the wind may blow through it; the storms may enter, the rain may enter, — but the King of England cannot enter; all his forces dare not cross the threshold of the ruined tenement !

Speech on the Excise Bill. We have a Calvinistic creed, a Popish liturgy, and an Arminian clergy.

Prior's Life of Burke (1790).

SAMUEL JOHNSON. 1709-1784.

Let observation with extensive view
Survey mankind, from China to Peru."

Vanity of Human Wishes. Line r. There mark what ills the scholar's life assail,

Line 159. Toil, envy, want, the patron, and the jail. He left the name at which the world grew pale, To point a moral, or adorn a tale.

Line 221. Hides from himself his state, and shuns to know That life protracted is protracted woe.

Line 257. An age that melts in unperceiv'd decay, And glides in modest innocence away.

Line 293. Superfluous lags the veteran on the stage. Line 308. Fears of the brave, and follies of the wise ! From Marlb'rough's eyes the streams of dotage flow, And Swift expires, a driv'ler and a show.

Line 316.

1 All human race, from China to Peru,
Pleasure, howe'er disguised by art, pursue.

Thomas WARTOX : Universal Love of Pleasure. De Quincey (Works, vol. x. p. 72) quotes the criticism of some writer, who contends with some reason that this high-sounding couplet of Dr. Johnson amounts in effect to this : Let observation with extensive observa. tion observe mankind extensively.

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