ePub 版

Lodges, stating that Colonel Fairman persisted in his intention of not giving up the book, and moved that he be taken into the custody of the Sergeant-at-Arms.-Mr. Warburton further moved that the Sergeant-atArms do go to the residence of Colonel Fairman, and there seize and take possession of the book.–After considerable discussion, the latter motion, at the suggestion of the Speaker and Lord John Russell, was withdrawn, the former, however, being agreed to.—Mr. Hume then gave notice of a motion to enforce the production of the book.-Mr. Sergeant Jackson moved the third reading of the Clandestine Marriages Bill.-Mr. Poulter moved the omission of clause 2.—The House divided, and the numbers were-ayes, 33; noes, 21.-The clause was then struck out, and the Bill was read a third time.

Aug. 21.-The Sergeant-at-Arms informed the House that, on the receipt of the Speaker's warrant last night, he proceeded with two messengers to the residence of Col. Fairman, but the Colonel was not at home. The messengers had since made diligent search, but had, up to the present time, been unable to apprehend Col. Fairman.



The following is a comparative statement of the numbers of ships, settlers, &c. up to the 17th of July, 1834 and 1835, inclusive, by which it will be seen that there had been a considerable falling off in the number of arrivals of the latter :Vessels.




7,810 Trade was good in the colony, and the prospects of the agriculturists continued most cheering.

ST. VINCENT'S. A Bill had passed the House of Assembly of St. Vincent's to compensate the apprentices for some losses they sustained by the Emancipation Act, which they possessed under the old law, in reference to the time granted them for the rearing of provisions. The Council had made some amendments in it, which the Assembly refused to allow. Unless such a measure passes, it seems the island will not have any claim for compensation.

NEW BRUNSWICK. Accounts from New Brunswick state that the long-agitated question between the Crown and the inhabitants of New Brunswick, relative to quit-rents, has at length been amicably settled, and the Legislature, after a special session, which had only lasted nine days, was prorogued by Sir Archibald Campbell. In this brief space, however, from the understanding which existed previous to its commencement, that the Crown would surrender its right to the quit-rents in future, on condition that 12001. per annum should be permanently voted in lieu thereof, much harmony prevailed among the co-ordinate branches of the Legislature, and several laws of local importance were enacted. The sum thus granted is to be applied to the purposes of the improvement of the internal communications of the provinces.



Amongst the ways and means by which the French seek to attain political perfection, the startling experiment of an “ Infernal Machine” has been revived for the instruction of Louis Philippe. This device, so critically frustrated when directed against Buonaparte, had the effect of rendering the First Consul an absolute Dictator. In the recent instance we have little doubt that the result will be similar; the genius of the French appears to incline them to Anarchy or Despotism.

The following is a summary of the particulars relating to this tragic event:—The second of the anniversary days of July having been appointed for the customary annual review of the National Guards, at nine o'clock on the morning of Tuesday the 28th, the King left the Tuileries, accompanied by a numerous Staff, including his three eldest sons and the Field Marshals and General Officers present in Paris. The King having passed along the whole line of the Boulevards, on the side on which the National Guards were drawn up, his Majesty returned on the opposite side, on which the troops of the line were stationed. About a quarter past twelve, at the moment that the royal cavalcade arrived at the rising ground on the Boulevard du Temple, a tremendous explosion took place, like the fire of an entire company, the dreadful effect of which was immediately manifest upon the party accompanying his Majesty. This explosion issued from a small window on the second story, about twenty feet from the ground, over a wine-shop of the lowest order, just opposite the Jardin Turc. The instrument employed consisted of a number of gun-barrels, all radiating from one point, and so disposed as to be capable of being discharged by the application of a single match. The King, against whose life this diabolical instrument was manifestly prepared, with his sons, providentially escaped unhurt, although the horse on which his Majesty rode received a wound of which it is said to have since died. Marshal Mortier, Duke de Treviso, the Lieut.-Colonel of the 8th Legion of the National Guards, who was in the rear of his Majesty at the moment of the explosion, was killed on the spot; General de Lachasse was mortally wounded in the forehead; and the total amount of the slaughter, as officially stated by the “ Moniteur," amounts to fourteen killed and seventeen wounded, among whom, besides those above-mentioned, are some officers of rank. The name of the wretched perpetrator of this diabolical crime is Fieschi, a Corsican by birth and a desperado by character. Nothing has transpired implicating any political party in France in this murderous attempt.


Accounts received from Madrid state that the Spanish government has at last been made sensible to the importance of the recognition of the Spanish American States, as it affects her own interests and welfare at this crisis; that the inadmissible pretensions are withdrawn, and that a passport has been expedited to his Excellency Señor Santa Maria, by the Spanish Minister, as Minister of the Republic of Mexico, &c.

The “ Madrid Gazette" of the 29th ult. contains a decree for suppressing nine hundred convents in different parts of Spain, the property of whịch is to be applied towards the payment of the debts of the State! The government thus defies the power of the Church of Rome ! In Catalonia atrocious scenes are going on; a considerable number of helpless monks have been butchered by the mob in several towns.



MARSHAL MORTIER, DUKE OF TREVISO. Marshal Mortier, Duke de Treviso, was born in 1768, consequently he was in his 68th year. He was the son of a merchant, who represented the tiers etat of Cambresis at the States General, in 1789. The Marshal was originally brought up in his father's profession, and quitted his station as clerk in a mercantile counting-house at Dunkirk, in 1791, to serve in the first battalion of volunteers of the Department of the North, in which he was at once received with the rank of Captain. Having distinguished himself on various occasions, he was made an Adjutant-General in 1793. His first command as a general officer was at the attack of the fortress of St. Pierre. In 1796 he had the command of the advance guard of the army of the Sambre-et-Meuse, then under the orders of Gen. Lefevre. On the 31st of May of the same year he attacked the Austrians, deseated them, and drove them beyond the Archer. During the whole of the war, which was closed by the treaty of Campo Formio, we find Gen. Mortier actively engaged, and invariably successful in every enterprise with which he was intrusted by his superior in command. In the campaign of 1799 he had again the command of the advance guard. His services in that station were in a great measure conducive to the success of the French arms, and to the high opinion that Napoleon conceived of his military talents. It was Gen. Mortier whom Napoleon sent, in 1803, at the head of his first expedition to Hanover. The whole of the military operations were, on the part of the French army, directed by Gen. Mortier, and the result was the memorable Convention of Suhlingen, by which the electorate of Hanover was placed in the hands of the French. On his return to Paris he was appointed to the command of the artillery of the Guard; and in 1894 he was raised, with other officers of superior merit, to the rank of a Marshal, and decorated with the Grand Cross of the newly-instituted order of the Legion of Honour.

In the campaigns of 1805 and 1806, Gen. Mortier was at the head of one of the divisions of the grand army, commanded in chief by Napoleon in person. The greatest feat of arms ever achieved by any French troups, fell during this war to the lot of a corps of 4000 commanded by Marshal Mortier. Having fallen in with the whole of the Russian army, led by Kutusoff, and forced to accept battle or lay down his arms, Mortier fought with a valour and superiority of tactics which allowed sufficient time for considerable reinforcements to come to his aid. This affair gave great celebrity to Mortier's name throughout the French army and in France. His fellow citizens at Cambray wished to raise a public monument in that city in memory of his action with Kutusoff, but Mortier positively refused to allow it. It was Marshal Mortier who captured Hamburgh at the close of 1806. On that occasion he displayed a rancorous hostility against everything that was English, which greatly surprised all who had any knowledge of his early life. In his younger days he had lived a good deal in Scotland, and the counting-house_at Dunkirk where he received his commercial education, was that of an English merchant. His intimacy and intercourse with natives of this country, of which he spoke the language fluently, had been such, that few would believe it was in pursuance of orders issued from himself that the whole of the British residents in Hamburgh were thrown into prison, and every particle of British property was confiscated. In 1808 he was raised to the imperial Dukedom of Treviso, receiving at the same time a“ dotation," attached to the title, of 100,000 francs (70002.) per annum out of the crown domains of Hanover. He lost this income at the peace of 1814. Soon after the opening of the Sept.-VOL. XLV, NO, CLXXVII.


Spanish war he was sent to Spain, where he co-operated with several successive commanders-in-chief, and fought the battle of Ocana, which he and his countrymen have claimed as having been won by the corps under his immediate command. Subsequently he accompanied Napoleon to Russia, and it was to him that the hazardous undertaking of blowing up the Kremlin at Moscow was intrusted. He took an active part in the whole of this and the subsequent campaigns under Napoleon.

During the earlier part of the reign of Louis XVIII., Marshal Mortier spent his time in Paris, apparently little desirous of figuring in the military or political world. In 1816, however, he was appointed Commandant of the 15th military division, the seat of which is Rouen, and soon after he was elected by his native department of the North, member of the Chamber of Deputies, in which he sat till 1819, when he was raised to the peerage. In 1834, on the resignation of Marshal Soult of the Presidency of the Council and the Ministry of War, the whole ministry being then disjointed and, much against the wish of the King, on the eve of dissolution, Marshal Mortier was solicited by the King to accept the offices which Marshal Soult had given up, he being the only individual at the moment with whom, and under whose presidency, the other members of the Soult administration were willing to remain in office. The Marshal yielded, with extreme reluctance, to the wishes of the King. He knew that politics were not his element, and soon after, at the ministerial council-table, as well as on the ministerial benches in the two Legislative Chambers, he felt that he was not in his proper place. The remarks and jokes of the press about his silence in the Chambers, and his inactivity as a minister, however goodnaturedly expressed, at length drove the Duke de Treviso to the positive resolution of withdrawing for ever from the ministerial career.

One morning in the early part of February, therefore, he waited on the King, placed his act of resignation in the royal hands, and gave his Majesty to understand that his resolution to withdraw was not to be changed. Mortier is among the few of Napoleon's generals whose reputation for integrity and private worth has remained unquestioned through life. Though not very popular, owing to a natural stiffness in his manners, not more habitual among, than agreeable to the French, he was always spoken of with respect, and to the last day of his existence he has enjoyed the undivided esteem of his countrymen.

DON TOMAS ZUMALACARREGUI. Don Tomas Zumalacarregui was born in 1789, at Ormaestegui, a village of about 550 inhabitants, in the province of Guipuscoa, a league and a half from Villafranca. His family was amongst the most respectable of the country. Zumalacarregui, who was at college at Pampeluna when Spain was invaded by the French, abandoned his studies, and joined the guerilla corps under Mina. In 1821 the regiment in which he was captain was sent to form part of the garrison of Pampeluna. As his political opinions were known to be hostile to the new Constitutional system, he had to experience many annoyances, which at length determined him to quit his regiment, and join the army of the Faith under Quesada, who gave him the command of a battalion. After the war of 1823 he was named Lieutenant-Colonel, and on one occasion Ferdinand VII. after a review complimented the colonel of the regiment to which Zumalacarregui belonged on the remarkable military appearance and precision in their manæuvres possessed by his regiment. The colonel was modest and just enough to reply, that for these advantages the regiment was indebted to the second in command, Zumalacarregui. The king asked why he was not a colonel. and being answered that he had not yet served the time prescribed by the regulations of the service, the king replied “ So much the worse for the service,” and on the instant promoted him to the rank of colonel, and gave him the command of the Regiment of Estremadura (the

15th of the Line). This regiment was shortly after pointed out as a model of discipline and soldierly conduct to the army. After the events of La Granja, Zumalcarregui was deprived of his command for having served against the Constitutionalists in 1822 and 1823. He was even accused of having entertained a design to proclaim Charles V. during the lifetime of Ferdinand. He was tried by a court-martial and acquitted. The king declared that he never suspected his loyalty, and gave orders to Quesada, inspector-general of infantry, and to the minister of war, to restore him to his rank immediately. Quesada placed him on half-pay. Zumalacarregui memoralized the queen, and addressed himself personally to Quesada on the subject, but without avail, the latter telling him that “ as he had commanded the troops of the Army of the Faith in Navarre, he was necessarily an object of suspicion to the government, and could not be employed in active service.”. After a warm altercation, Quesada dismissed him rather abruptly, and some time after he was placed on the retired list, with an allowance of only 1200. (501.) Zumalacarregui, indignant at this treatment, made known to some of his friends the design he had formed to proclaim Charles V. after the death of Ferdinand, and engaged them to demand their retreat and retire with him to Pampeluna, Vittoria, and other towns in the northern provinces, to be ready for the event. It was at this period that the Infant Don Carlos sent for Zumalacarregui, and conversed with him in the apartment of the Princess da Beira. The Prince said to him—“ I look upon you as my friend. You repelled those who wished to engage ycu in a conspiracy against my brother, in so doing you acted like a true Spaniard. I shall not forget you.” Zumalacarregui replied, that he had only done his duty, and that he would do it again when the king should die. He soon after applied to Quesada for permission to retire to Pampeluna, his wife's native town, but was at first refused, until, on an express order of Ferdinand, permission was given him, and he arrived in Pampeluna four months previous to the king's death. Having taken the necessary measures for the execution of his design, the moment the news of Ferdinand's death reached him, he clandestinely quitted Pampeluna, and placed himself under the orders of Santos Ladron, who was the first to organize an army for Don Carlos. On the death of Santos Ladron, Colonel Eraso took the command, but he being forced by indisposition to pass into France, Zumalacarregui succeeded to the command, and from that moment commenced that brilliant military career that has rendered his name familiar to all Europe. Eraso having recovered his health, escaped from France and joined the Carlist army, the command of which Zumalacarregui pressed him to resume, but Eraso refused, saying that Zumalacarregui had too worthily filled that post not to merit preserving it, and that he (Eraso) would feel it an honour to act under him. Don Carlos sent the commission of Brigadier-General to Eraso, and that of Major-General to Zumalacarregui, and the latter, on the arrival of Don Carlos in Navarre, was named Lieutenant-General and Major-General of the army. Zumalacarregui was rather under than over the middle size, and was beginning to be a little corpulent. His countenance was expressive, and his eyes lively and piercing. His upturned moustachios and large whiskers gave him a martial air. His activity was prodigious, and his memory astonishing, and though exhibiting something of petulance, and abrupt in his manner, he was in reality affable, goodnatured, generous, disinterested, and modest, and a strict observer of his word.


Died, recently, at Brighton, in the 68th year of his age, Sir Francis Lasorey, Bart., K.C.B., Admiral of the Blue. The ancestors of this officer came to England with King William, at the Revolution. His grandfather was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the army, and Governor of Pendennis Castle. Sir Francis Laforey succeeded his father to the Baronetcy in 1796, he

« 上一頁繼續 »