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A Visit to Constantinople and some of the Greek Islands. By John Auldjo, Esq., F.G.S.

Here is an Oriental traveller of a very different character indeed from our sentimental, classical, and intelligent Frenchman, Chateaubriand. He seems to despise the first quality as all sentimentalibus lachrymæ rorum, to the second he makes slight pretensions, and the third he displays sometimes in a curious manner. He was allowed a passage in the Actæon frigate, which took Lord Ponsonby from Naples to the Turkish capital, and returned in a steam-boat by Smyrna and Malta. He gives us the result of his travelling experience for four months in the year 1833. It was his good fortune to meet distinguished characters in his tour. He was in contact going out with the British Ambassador, and on his return home with the Prince of Bavaria. He met on his way Otho, the actual King of Greece, and Madame la Duchesse de Berri, the possible Queen of France, and he has given some lively sketches of them all. He was, moreover, at Constantinople while the Russian army were encamped there, and he hates them, in the true spirit of John Bull, for daring to interfere with his views of politics. Every little incident is exhibited as part of their plan of aggrandisement and intention of dismembering Turkey, and of their studied insults to England for daring to prevent it.

But the most remarkable incident in his book is a long and interesting communication he had with Lord Ponsonby on the subject, which he does not think it right to let the public into the secrets of yet. His Lordship communicates to him, truly, all his plans, but being confidential he will not repeat them. "Thus far, however, I am at liberty to observe, that to me they appeared sound, judicious, and suited to the exigency. His plan for the maintenance of the Turkish empire may not suit Lord Grey's views, but I will say no more, for my own ideas appear so identified with those confided to me, that in giving them utterance I might unconsciously betray a trust, and make known that which for the present ought to be a secret!" We have no doubt of the kindness and urbanity of Lord Ponsonby, and the statement of those attentions Mr. Auldjo says he received from him might be true; but if a British Ambassador thought it a part of his hospitality to confide to an accidental acquaintance, and to such an acquaintance, the important secrets confided to him by his government, we can only say it exceeded even the indiscretion of a Whig. We imagine, however, our talkative traveller rather overrates his intimacy with the representative of his Britannic Majesty, as Mr. Lofty did his with the King of Poland, and we presume he now speaks of Ponsonby as his prototype did of Poniatowski, by the familiar abbreviation of "Honest Pon."

For the rest, Mr. Auldjo, like all travellers in a hurry, took his information from the first person who gave it, and set it down in his journal as he received it, without having an opportunity of making further inquiry. Many of the names of persons and places which he caught from mere sound are incorrect. He mentions the tomb of Esachus, on the plain of Troy, twice. We never heard of such a tomb, and suppose he meant that of sites, where the Trojans sent Polites to watch the movements of the Greeks, and which forms a conspicuous tumulus in the centre of the plain. He says the Janissaries were destroyed at the Atmeidan or " Hippodrome;" the scene of carnage was the Etmeidan, or place of meat," a Janissary barrack, in a very different part of the city. Other inaccuracies of a similar kind occur.

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With respect to the style of Mr. Auldjo, it is that of a gay bon vivant, who was not altogether particular. He talks with great gusto of the English porter, ale, and soda-water he met with, and never loses an occasion of describing a ball or a banquet. He is introduced to a Turkish lady, who was invited, he says, for the express purpose of his seeing her; and after a graphic but somewhat warm description of her beauty, he ex

claims-" No wonder the Turks sigh for Paradise when they believe heaven peopled with such Houries as these. Egad! it requires the exertion of all our philosophy and self-denial to resist the temptation of turning Turk too."

The book is embellished by some sketches by Cruikshank, an artist not inappropriate to illustrate the details of our lively, flippant author. Hydraulia; an Historical and Descriptive Account of the Waterworks of London. By William Mathews, Author of "The History of Gas-lights."

The very sound of this work is music to us, and we were never more disposed to say with Pindar, apicTov μèv dop. We were sitting without our coat, panting in an arid atmosphere, with the thermometer 96° in the shade, the sky not blue, but red like molten brass, the earth not green, but brown like baked pottery; we were trying to recollect Virgil's description of hot weather, beginning with

"Jamque rapidus torrens sitientes Sirius Indos
Ardebat cœlo-"

and ending with

66 -cava flumina siccis

Faucibus ad limum radii tepefacta coquebant."

And we had just come to the conclusion that he was a vates as well in prediction as poetry, and had not only described what did happen in Peloponnesus some thousand years ago, but what would happen in England in July and August, 1835, when just at this moment a book on Waterworks was laid on our table, and the very cadence of the word Hydraulia, and the liquid letters that compose it, refreshed us like the gurgling of a fountain. We owe Mr. Mathews good will, if for nothing else, for the timely appearance of his book, and the name he has given it.

It seems that five companies who monopolize the privilege of supplying the city of London with water have excited in no small degree, according to his account, the envy of those who think they ought to share in this profitable concern. Various attacks, therefore, have been made upon them, but their most vulnerable point is the source from whence they derive their supply-the water of the Thames. We remember when Father Thames was a sacred character, and there was a specific property almost miraculous attributed to his water, and amongst other qualities of high importance, that it was the only fluid that would make porter. It is true that the Anna Liffey now divides the palm with him, and the Messrs. Guinness, who use her water, vie with Whitbread and Co.; still he was allowed many excellences. But his merits are now all forgotten-he is assailed with all manner of abuse, and he is represented as a vile compound of the most villanous materials that ever could disgust and poison the inhabitants of a city. The great works of one of the water-companies were at Chelsea, and the structure enclosing the ends of the pipes called "The Dolphin," from which the water of the River was taken up, was unhappily just opposite a great sewer, so that all the impurities of Cloacina were conveyed a second time into the stomachs of the good citizens. A book called "The Dolphin" was published, stating this and a variety of other horrors; the attention of the public was roused, meetings were called, Parliament was petitioned, and a Commission was appointed to inquire into the facts. The evidence, of course, was not very consistent; one man exhibited a bottle of water so turbid and filthy that the sight of it turned the strong stomach of Abernethy; another, on the contrary, found only three grains of extraneous matter, held either in solution or suspension in 10,000 grains of the water. But the most extraordinary part of the evidence was with respect to white bait: it seems that while roach, place, flounders, salmon, shad, eels, and dab all died by the deleterious

ingredients lately introduced into the stream of the river, the white bait became more plump and plenty than ever. Now if this omnivorous little fish fattened and increased not only on the draining of sewers and the overflowing of soap-boilers, but also on the off-scourings of gas-works, the runnings of dye-houses, and all the multifarious poisons of chemists' elaboratories, it accounts, in the most probable manner we have yet heard, for the death of poor Mr. Canning, whose "last speech" was made, we believe, at a dinner of this fish.

It is to defend the calumniated Father Thames from all the attacks of his adversaries, that Mr. Mathews takes up his pen and lays about him right and left. He enters into details of the manner in which mankind have been supplied with water since Noah's flood; describes the canals of Egypt, the wells of Athens, the baths of Rome, and the cisterns of Constantinople, including the fountains and reservoirs of London, from the earliest times to the present day, and in his progress he has certainly collected a curious mass of information. His book is embellished with sketches, and plans representing the manner in which the eastern and western parts of London and the city of Constantinople are supplied with water. The latter, we observe, is an exact copy of the curious map prefixed to Dr. Walsh's book, though Mr. Mathews has not acknowledged, as he ought, from whence he has taken it. We are friends to the circulation of knowledge, and see no reason why one author should not borrow from another, but reddere suum cuique is a fair maxim.

Two Journeys through Italy and Switzerland. By William Thomson, Assistant Commissary-General to the Forces.

We experienced much pleasure in perusing this small volume of travels. Mr. Thomson shows himself a man of taste in the arts, an enthusiastic admirer of the beauties of nature, and rather a good judge of statuary and painting. He tells us that he has written an account of two journeys through Switzerland and Italy; the first made in 1824, when on his way to join the British forces stationed in Malta; the second in 1826, when he returned to England. Going out, he entered Switzerland in spring, by Geneva and the Jura mountains. He crossed the Simplon, and went to Malta by the route of Milan, Florence, Rome, and Naples: he returned by Ancona, Venice, Milan, and over Saint Gothard. In each town, he visited the churches, picture-galleries, and other principal sights; and he gives a pleasing and instructive sketch of the specimens of painting and sculpture, and of the style of architecture of the different buildings. He adds his view of the political situation of each state; and the best hotels in each town are not forgotten. Indeed, his book is exactly what he seems to have designed it for a volume calculated to be an useful pocket-companion for the Italian tourist, though it will interest the general reader who is fond of travels where well-described views of nature are interspersed with accounts of pictures and living manners, with the ruins of ancient times. Naples and its bay seem to be his beau ideal of a picturesque landscape, as viewed from the Hermitage on Mount Vesuvius on an early cloudless morning. He gives a glowing delineation of the prospect of the town and its environs. Though much has already been written about Italy, and we cannot consider that our author has found out any thing new, yet his book is so entertaining, that, well known as are the places he speaks of, still we found great pleasure in again wandering over these classic shores with him; and we recommend the "Two Journeys to all persons who wish to profit and be amused by the journal and remarks of an intelligent traveller.

LITERARY REPORT.

THE September volume of "Colburn's Modern Novelists" contains the conclusion of Mr. Bulwer's" Disowned," which work, like the former by the same author, introduced into the present cheap collection of celebrated works of fiction ("Pelham; or, the Adventures of a Gentleman"), is complete in two volumes, beautifully illustrated by Finden.

The new edition of Leigh Hunt's most popular work," The Indicator and the Companion, a Miscellany for the Fields and the Fireside," has now made its appearance. A portrait of the author is prefixed to the volumes.

A new work, to be called the English Annual, is announced as being in preparation. The Oriental Annual for 1836, by the Rev. H. Caunter, B.D., with illustrations from the pencil of W. Daniell, Esq., R.A., will appear at the usual season.

A History of English Literature, Critical and Philosophical, by Mr. D'Israeli, is preparing for publication.

A new edition of the Works of Sir John Suckling, with a Life of the Author, and Critical Remarks on his Writings and Genius, by the Rev. Alfred Suckling, LL.B., will shortly appear.

A History of the Conquest of Florida, by Theodore Irving, Esq., dedicated to his uncle, Washington Irving, Esq., will be published in a few days.

The concluding volumes of the Memoirs of Mirabeau and Talleyrand are just ready.

The Travels and Adventures in Eastern Africa of Nathaniel Isaacs, Esq., are nearly ready.

The Rev. Robert Caunter, B.D., author of the "Oriental Annual," is engaged upon a new series of the Romance of History, which will contain the Romantic Annals of India.

Mrs. Child announces for publication a History of the Condition of Women in all Ages and Nations.

LIST OF NEW BOOKS. Fudges in England; or, a Sequel to the Fudge Family in Paris, by Thomas Brown the Younger. Fcp. 8vo. 8s.

A Tour in Greece and the Levant, by the Rev. Richard Burgess. 2 vols. 8vo. 14s.

Practical Treatise on the Diseases of the Teeth, by Wm. Robertson, plates, 8vo. 7s.

The Roman Baths, by Mrs. Sherwood. 18mo. 1s.

The History of England, continued from the Right Hon. Sir J. Mackintosh. Vol. V. (Dr. Lardner's Cyclopædia, Vol. LXIX.) 12mo. 6s.

The Constitution of Society as designed by God. 8vo. 15s.

Steam Voyage down the Danube, with Sketches of Hungary, Turkey, &c., by J. Quin. 2 vols. 21s.

The Naturalist's Library, Vol. IX.; Pigeons, Vol. I. coloured plates. 6s.

What is a Comet, Papa? or, a Familiar De

scription of Comets, by R. Maria Zornlin. square, ls.

Court and Country Companion. 12mo. 6s. Observations on Brougham's Discourse of Natural Theology, by T. Wallace, Esq., LL.D. post 8vo. 48.

Recollections relative to the Duties of Troops, by Lieut.-Col. Leach. 12mo. 5s. 6d. Random Shots from a Rifleman, by J. Kincaid. post 8vo. 10s. 6d.

Rev. Thos. Stone's Sermons. 12mo. 4s. 6d. Prayers, by the late Rev. Wm. Howels, of Long-acre Chapel. 32mo. 1s. 6d.

The Schoolboy's Manual and Young Man's Monitor. 2nd edit. 12mo. 2s. 6d.

A Course of Sermons for the Year, by the Rev. J. Grant. Vol. II. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

Tales of the Ramad'han, by J. A. St. John. 3 vols. post 8vo. 11. 11s. 6d.

Summer Ramble in Syria, with a Tartar Trip from Aleppo to Stamboul, by the Rev. V. Monro. 2 vols. 24s.

A Practical Treatise on Brewing, and on Storing of Beer, by William Black. 8vo. 21s. Dodsley's Annual Register, Vol. LXXVI. for 1834. 8vo. 16s.

The Geographical Text Book, by M. E. *S. Part I. 12mo. 2s.

Companion to ditto, comprising the Maps. 28. plain, 2s. 6d. coloured.

Resources and Statistics of Nations, by John Macgregor, Vol. I. royal 8vo. 25s.

Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 3d Series, Vol. XXVII. 8vo. 17. 10s.

An Address to the Lower Orders of the Roman Catholics of Ireland, by the Rev. D. O'Croly. 6d.

Sir Arthur Wilmot; a Tale of the 17th Century. 2 vols. post 8vo. 21s.

Songs of England and Scotland. Vol. II. fcp. 8vo. 5s.

Observations on the Unfulfilled Prophecies of Scripture, by the Rev. John Fry, B. A. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

Little Arthur's History of England. 2 vols. 18mo. 68.

The Practice of Isometrical Perspective, by J. Jopling. 2nd edit. 8vo. 5s.

Sentiment not Principle; or, an Old Man's Legacy. 2 vols. post 8vo. 21s.

Nala and Damayanti, and other Poems, by the Rev. H. H. Milman, M.A. Imp. 8vo. 12s. Ecclesiastes Anglicanus; being a Treatise on the Art of Preaching, by the Rev. W. Gresley. 8vo. 12s.

Mosse's Parliamentary Guide. 18mo. 6s. 6d. Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language, by J. Knowles. royal 8vo. 11. 4s. 6d.

Mental Arithmetic and Expeditious Calculator, by C. Richsan. 12mo. 4s. 6d.

Richardson's English Dictionary. 4to. Vol. I. Part I. 11. 6s. 6d.

The Modern Dunciad, Virgil in London, and other Poems. Fcap. 8vo. 7s. 6d.

FINE ARTS.

THE LAWRENCE GALLERY.

ONE of the most interesting exhibitions ever opened to the public is that of the collected drawings of the late Sir Thomas Lawrence, at 112, St. Martin's-lane. The exquisite taste of the President of the Royal Academy has been fully appreciated; but taste without wealth is comparatively useless. It is known that he expended large sums in gathering together the productions of his predecessors in art; and his death explained the cause why he had been so long in embarrassed circumstances. The present collection consists of fifty original drawings by Claude Lorraine and Nicholas Poussin. They are, of course, studies for larger pictures; but the first thoughts of artists have frequently more mind than their finished works. They show how genius conceived; and it is equally pleasant and profitable to examine the after-changes or improvements. The subjects of several of the designs of Claude are selected from Virgil. Among them are - A landscape, with the subject of Eneas receiving his armour from Venus. A design of woodland scenery in the foreground is a path along the wood towards a shady recess, in which the sybil is seen attending Æneas; the background is composed of ruins. No. 41, also a landscape, with an architectural composition in the foreground: Dido, Æneas, and their attendants are here introduced. No. 11 is a view of Santa Maria Maggiore, at Rome: the elegant arrangement of the groups and figures must be at once admitted. Nos. 10 and 19 are original studies of the Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba, from which the celebrated picture in the National Gallery was executed.

In the room is also Lawrence's greatest work (in one sense of the term) -Satan calling up his Legions; and some other paintings by our most admirable English master.

THE COSMORAMA.

The views in this interesting exhibition have lately been changed. Among those that may now be seen is the burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, so managed, by a skilful arrangement of light and shade, as to afford a very accurate idea of the splendid but awful scene.

PUBLICATIONS.

Stanfield's Coast Scenery. Parts II. and III.

We noticed the first number of this publication; the two that have followed amply bear us out in the praise we gave it. The drawings are admirable, beautiful, and correct, and worthy the pencil of our most accomplished landscape-painter. They are also well engraved: those from the burins of Mr. Cooke and Mr. Stephenson are among the best. It is not always we can commend the letter-press that accompanies such illustrated works of this, although unaccompanied by any name, we can speak in terms of the highest praise. It is written in an agreeable style, supplies much information, and introduces nothing that might be dispensed with. The author is evidently well qualified for the task he has undertaken, and has been judiciously chosen to associate with Mr. Stanfield in the production of a work useful as it is beautiful.

Memorials of Oxford. No. 33.

This useful and interesting publication has continued to sustain its high character up to its thirty-third number. The engravings do not assume to compete with the brilliant productions of the work we have just noticed, but their accuracy is unquestionable. They afford a just idea of the gran

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