Considerations on the Present Political State of India: Embracing Observations on the Character of the Natives, on the Civil and Criminal Courts, the Administration of Justice, the State of the Land-tenure, the Condition of the Peasantry, and the Internal Police of Our Eastern Dominions; Intended Chiefly as a Manual of Instruction in Their Duties, for the Younger Servants of the Company, 第 2 卷



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第 186 頁 - A man full of warm speculative benevolence may wish his society otherwise constituted than he finds it ; but a good patriot, and a true politician, always considers how he shall make the most of the existing materials of his country. A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman.
第 62 頁 - A mercenary informer knows no distinction. Under such a system, the obnoxious people are slaves, not only to the government, but they live at the mercy of every individual ; they are at once the slaves of the whole community, and of every part of it ; and the worst and most unmerciful men are those on whose goodness they most depend.
第 62 頁 - The seeds of destruction are sown in civil intercourse, and in social habitudes. The blood of wholesome kindred is infected. Their tables and beds are surrounded with snares. All the means given by Providence to make life safe and comfortable are perverted into instruments of terror and torment.
第 286 頁 - ... imprisonment. The news of this sentence having reached the accomplice in his retreat, he immediately returned, and surrendered himself to take his trial at the next assizes. The next assizes came; but, unfortunately for the prisoner, it was a different judge who presided; and still more unfortunately, Mr.
第 235 頁 - The misery of gaols is not half their evil ; they are filled with every corruption which poverty and wickedness can generate between them ; with all the shameless and profligate enormities that can be produced by the impudence of ignominy, -the rage of want, and the malignity of despair. In a prison the awe of the public eye is lost, and the power of the law is spent ; there are few fears, there are no blushes. The lewd inflame the lewd, the audacious harden the audacious.
第 286 頁 - Norfolk circuit, a larceny was committed by two men in a poultry yard, but only one of them was apprehended; the other having escaped into a distant part of the country, had eluded all pursuit. At the next assizes the apprehended thief was tried and convicted ; but Lord Loughborough, before whom he was tried, thinking the offence a very slight one, sentenced him only to a few months imprisonment.
第 63 頁 - ... suspicion, or the terrors of cowardice, or to punish others by the importunity of resentment and revenge; though the public receives benefit from his conduct, and may think it expedient to reward him, yet he has only added to every other species of guilt, that of treachery to his friends: he has...
第 122 頁 - European on the character of this interesting people ; but fully to understand them, requires to have lived and been educated among them, as one of themselves ; and I conscientiously believe, that for the purpose of discriminating the motives of action, and the chances of truth in the evidence of such a people, the mature life of the most acute and able European judge devoted to that single object would not place him on a level with an intelligent Hindoo Panchayet.
第 122 頁 - ... public trial, is faithful, kind, and respectable in the intercourse of society ; and the single but notorious fact of habitual lending and borrowing of money and effects, among the husbandmen, without bond, or note, or witness, abundantly proves, that this people> apparently so destitute of -morals in one view of their character, are in another habitually honest and true in their dealings ; that they mutually trust, and deserve to be trusted- The more intimately they are known, the more favourable...
第 235 頁 - In a prison the awe of the public eye is lost, and the power of the law is spent; there are few fears, there are no blushes. The lewd inflame the lewd, the audacious harden the audacious. Every one fortifies himself as he can against his own sensibility, endeavours to practise on others the arts which are practised on himself; and gains the kindness of his associates by similitude of manners.