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EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE. New YORK.-Under the presidency of business of life; and, while the dead lanDr. S. W. Fisher, Hamilton College has guages will be carefully taught, they do attained to a high rank in numbers, schol- not hold that pre-eminent position, in the arship, and good order. Sixty new stu- curriculum, that tradition has fastened dents were admitted at the opening of the upon most of the colleges of England and present year; making the whole number America. about two hundred. Thirteen of these are returned soldiers, who have served their

ILLIN018.— The public schools of Chicago country faithfully in her hour of peril, and

are overcrowded, and there are thousands who are now preparing to serve the Church

of schoolless children in the city. and the State in professional life.

SOUTHERN STATES. -There are now in Vassar College, for females, at Pongh

operation in Washington 25 colored keepsie, N. Y., is now in full operation.

schools, with 59 teachers and 3,169 pupils , The building has a length of 500 feet front,

in Georgetown there are four schools, with with a depth in the center of 171 feet, and

881 pupils; in Alexandria 10 schools, with on the wings a depth of 165 feet. It has

1,082 pupils; and in the freedmen's village single rooms for about 400 pupils, besides

on Arlington Hights two schools, with 302 rooms for the faculty, a chapel, seating pupils. All of these schools are in a flour500, art-gallery, library, etc. The institu

ishing condition, and are supported by the tion is nearly full. Mr. Vassar is now

voluntary contributions of Northern bener

olent societies. engaged in erecting a gymnasium at a cost of $40,000. Besides the president, there While the rebel General Lee has been are nine professors, each having assistants. instituted as president of a college, his aid

The finance committee of the Board of de-camp, Colonel Venable, has been elected Education report the expense to be in- '

professor of chemistry in the Louisiana

State Military Academy. eurred for the support of the public schools of the city of New York' for 1866, at

-A national association of school super$2,454,327.54.

intendents, composed of State superintendNEW ENGLAND.-It is proposed to erect

ents, and superintendents of public schools a Memorial Hall at Bowdoin College, in

in larger cities, is to convene at Washinghonor of the Alumni who died in the war.

ton, D. C., February 6, 1866. The Harvard College Memorial Committee -In the United States there are about has voted that an Alumni Hall be built, 60,000 common schools, which are supportand that & monument in honor of the ed in part by the State treasury, and partAlumni who died in the war be erected in ly by school funds and school taxes. bome suitable portion of the building.

ENGLAND.—King's College, Cambridge, Ten scholarships of $1,000 each, with an is thrown open, for the first time since its annual income of $60 to $70, have recently foundation, to students other than those been founded at Dartmouth' ('ollege; only educated at Eton. Fellow-commoners, inone of them, however, by, a resident of deed, has had; but now, through the New Hampshire, George W. Burleigh, of liberality of one of its tellows, two exGreat Falls.

hibitioners, who have earned their reward The prospects of Dartmouth College are by their own merits, will be added to the constantly improving. The Fall term com

number of its undergraduates, and will be mences with a Freshman class of about

allowed to compete for its fellowships. sixty--the largest since 1860, and more

This is one of the results of the late comthan thirty have entered the other classes

mission. and the Scientific Department.

SCOTLAND.-Professor Masson, editor of PexxSYLVANIA.-The trustees of Lehigh Macmillan's Magazine, has been appointed University have elected Professor Henry

to the chair of rhetoric in Edinburgh, Coppee, of the University of Pennsylvania, vacant by the death of Mr. Artoun. His the president of the faculty, and approved most formidable competitor was

Dr. plans presented by Mr. Edward T. Potter,

Hanna. Mr. Masson, though little more of à son of the late Bishop Potter, for the col- a rhetorician than his predecessor, is said legiate buildings, which will be immediately to be a man of varied' accoinplishments, erected at South Bethlehem, under the su- wide knowledge, and genuinely liberal pervision of that gentleman as architect. feeling.

The princely endowment of Judge Pack- IRELAND.-Magee College, at Londoner will place this university at once in a derry, an institution which has been esposition to command the best talent of the tablished for educating young men for the country for professors and teachers, and ministry in connection with the Presbyto take rank as a first-class institution. terian church in Ireland, has been formally The course of study to be pursued is of the opened. There was a great gathering of kind to fits its graduates for the active ministers and laymen on the occasion, and

Dr. Rossel, the moderator of the General GERMANY.-Herrman Vambery has been Assembly, delivered a long and able ad- appointed professor of oriental languages dress.

in the University of Pesth. Professor

Vambery is a Jew, a fact which is not gen-In England and Wales there are 36,042 erally known. public and private schools, attended by

NORWAY.-It appears from a report pre2,146,478 scholars. In addition there are 1,445 evening schools, which provide for

sented to the Norwegian Storthing that

one hundred thousand children are edu39,783 children. The number of Sunday

cated in the district schools of that counschools is 23,514, with 2,407,632 scholars. It is estimated that in England there is a

try, at an annual cost of eighty thousand scholar for every 836 persons; in Scotland pounds. about one-seventh of the people are at SANDWICH ISLANDS.— The Honolulu paschool; while in the United States there is pers are discussing whether the vernacular one scholar for every five persons. In Rus- of the Sandwich Islands shall be discarded sia only one child for about 200 persons re- in the national schools for the English lanceives instruction in school; so that while guage. The official journal is in favor of at nine o'clock on every Monday morning, the pure English system. Should the there are 4,000,000 American boys and project be carried out, as is probable, the girls at school, there are in Russia only Hawaiian language will become extinct 100,000 enjoying the benefit of instruction. within a generation or two.

MISCELLANY. -M. Cazal has hit upon a plan by which -R. H. Allnatt, the Sussex meteoroloto utilize the force of falling water, not gist, has been making observations on the only upon the spot, but at great distances. depositions of dew during foggy nights ; This gentleman proposes to convert the the result of which is a conclusion that, mechanical force of falling water into elec- in his neighborhood, at all events, the tricity; For this purpose, he has simply amount of dew deposited in four nights to make the water act upon the wheel- was equal to a ton and a half per acre. work, just as in the case of a water-mill, only, instead of turning the stones which

-A youth, with a turn for figures, had grind the corn, the magnetism will act upon

five eggs to boil, and being told to give a magneto-electric apparatus. The electri

them three minutes each, boiled them a city thus developed will then be conveyed

quarter of an hour altogether. to any required distance by means of insu- -It is stated that electricity travels so lated wires. The economy of the process

rapidly, that it may be driven through gunis said to be quite as remarkable as its powder without igniting it. It is only physical character.

when the current is refracted that an ex---It is well known that ink is a precipi

plosion takes place. tate of gallate of iron mixed up and kept in

-M. Robinet, a French chemist, has desuspension in gum and water. As the

vised a very effective means of freeing the water evaporutes, the ink thickens, and,

sewers from deleterious gases. He promoreover, becomes moldy, owing to a

poses that the furnaces of factories shall small proportion of organic matter pro

derive their supply of air from the sewers. ceeding from the gall-nut. These incon

The latter will thus be emptied of their veniences are obviated by making a new

mephitic gases, which will be destroyed by kind of ink with pyrogallic acid and the

combustion, fresh air from the atınosphere coloring matter derived from Brazil wood, supplying their place. and other sorts of wood used in dyeing. -We seek redress for injuries; we find This ink flows well, and never turns yellow it in-juries. on paper.

-An old Scotchwoman having been -In France, reliable statistics show that asked her opinion as to “the new minisin proportion to the increase of the sum ter," said he was a particularly powerful which is derived by the government as a preacher-"He had na' been in th' place duty on tobacco, so has the extent of in- a week before he kicket th' pu'pit a' to sanity, and some other diseases which have pieces, and banged the in’ards out o' sax their origin in the derangement and weak- Bibles.” ening of the nervous system, increased. -An enterprising quack has contrivel The French physicians say, that to no to extract from sausages a powerful tonic, other cause than the excessive use of to- which he says contains the whole strength bacco is the vast increase of lunacy in of the original bark. He calls it the "sulFrance to be traced.

phate of canine."

-Dr. Stein, of the University of Prague, - In the scale of virtues, Integrity holds has delivered a most interesting lecture on the first place; Benevolence, the second; the subject of the "Main Results of the and Prudence, the third. Without the first, Latest Researches as to Infusorin." The the latter two can not exist; and without doctor reviews, in a very elaborate and able the last, the former two are often rendered manner, the theories advanced during the useless, past century respecting the propagation and existence of "infusorial animal life,"

---Deep learning will make you acceptand concludes with the assertion-the re

able to the learned; but it is only an easy sult of his study-that the smallest forms

and obliging behavior and entertaining conof animal life are only brought forth in like

versation that will make you agreeable in forms of the same species, and that under

all companies. no circumstances are they developed from

-Ugly people are as anxious as handsome inert matter.

ones to perpetuate their features ; probably, -A negro who had learned to read, having lived so long with their ugliness, wishing to give an idea of it to some of his they have become attached to it. acquaintances, who had never seen a book, said, " Reading is the power of hearing puted by the number of years, but by the

-The time we live ought not to be comwith the eyes instead of the ears."

use that has been made of it. -The term "sun-spot" conveys the idea of a mark on a flat surface. It is really an

-If you would be known and not know, enormous hollow, with sloping sides, pene- vegetate in a village; if you would know trating entirely through the photosphere of

and not be known, live in a city. the sun---the black part, or "umbra," being -The recriminations of married couples at the bottom--and is supposed to be the resemble the sound of waves on the shore real body of the sun. As seen in England they are murmurs of the tied. lately, this black part of the spot was rather more than nine thousand miles in length, Scotch, pronounced the word water wattery

-A Scottish advocate, who, in his broad while the greatest length of the opening forined by the sloping sides, or penumbra, being asked in court by the chancellor it was about twenty-nine thousand miles.

he spelled water with two t's, replied, These sides were very deeply furrowed

“No, my lord; but I spell munners with from top to bottom, very similar to water

two n's." courses cut by torrents in descending the

-A coal-digging machine has been exsteep slopes of a mountain.

hibited at Pittsburgh. The machine has, on -An affectionate backwoodsman's wife, one side, a double engine. The power is who looked on while her husband was used to drive a series of cog-wheels which struggling fiercely with a bear, said after- cominunicate with smaller cogs connected wards that it was the only fight she ever with eleven pairs of augers.

At the end of saw in which she did not care who won." each is a drill. When in the mine, the

machine rests upon a small track, along -A fluid for rendering paper waterproof which it is propelled by its own power. may be made by dissolving one ounce and

Above this track is a pair of trams on which three-quarters of pure tallow-soap in water,

the machine slides backward or forward as then adding a solution of alum in quantity sufficient for the complete decomposition

the augers penetrate the rock, or are with

drawn, all the motions being performed by of the soap. This fluid ought to be mixed

the machine itself. with the paper pulp, which may be worked up in the usual inanner, but needs no glue- -An extraordinary genius has been dising.

covered in Ireland in the person of a lad -“How is it," said a man to his neigh- sjxteen years of age. The lad has conbor, "that our parson, the laziest man liv- structed, entirely unaided, a piece of maing, writes those interminable sermons ?" chinery, in full motion, occupying a ground “Why," said the other, "probably, after

space of some six or eight feet square, and he begins writing, he is too lazy to stop." driven by a small waterwheel about four

feet in diameter. On a close inspection it --English medical men are strongly advo

was found that the various wheels, cogs, cating the disuse of technical words and

cranks, and spindles were entirely wood, phrases, and the movement has already

and were performing simultaneously the progressed so far that all the “first-class ks

varied operations of pumping, churning, London physicians are writing their pre

hammering on an an vil, perpendicular saw, scriptions in English,

diagonal and circular saw, etc., but so .-MM. Deville and Troost have proved cleverly adaptod to these respective uses that platinum and iron, when white hot, that the whole was driven with the most become for the time porous, and are rapidly perfect and easy motion by the waterwheel permeated by hydrogen, which will even already alluded to. The lad is the son of a pass out under the pressure of the atmos- blacksmith living in Knockruth, County phere, and leave a vacuum almost perfect Wicklow, and has never been ten miles within the tube.

from his home,

IS A RELIABLE EDUCATIONAL BUREAU, 1. To aid all who seek well-qualified teachers. 8. To give parents information of good School 2. To represent Teachers who desire positions. 4. To sell and rent School Properties.

J. W. SCHERMERHORN, A, M., Actuary, 130 Grand Street, New York,
M. J. YOUNG, Secretary,
G. M. KENDALL, Treasurer,

66

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BRANCH OFFICES. PHILADELPHIA, 512 Arch Street,

J. R. G'AUT, A. M., Secretary. CHICAGO, 6 Custom House Place,

EDWARD SPEAKMAN, Secretary.

GENERAL HENRY C. WAYNE, Director. SAVANNAH, Georgia,

JOHN O. FERRILL, Secretary. SAN FRANCISCO, California,

SAMUEL J. O. SWEZEY, Esq., Secretary.

The Right Teacher for the Right Place." Information of teachers will be furnished, which shall embrace the following particulars : Opportunities for education ; special qualifications for teaching ; experience, where, and in what grade of schools ; references and copies of testimonials; age ; religious preferences ; salary expected ; specimen of candidate's letter, and sometimes a photographic likeness.

Unless otherwise advised, we nominate several candidates, and thus give opportunity for good selection. Persons who apply for teachers are not expected to engage our candidates unless it may seem for their advan. tage to do so. We know that our facilities are UNPARALLELED, hence fear no competition.

Those who seek teachers should state explicitly what they will require of the teacher, what salary they will pay, when the teacher must be ready, &c., &c. Too full particulars cannot be given.

- Principals, School Oficers, and heads of Families, are requested to give early notice of what Teachers they will want.

TERMS. Two DOLLARS, upon giving the order for the teacher. (Which pays for the "AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL MONTHLY” one year, $1.50.)

When a suitable teacher is secured, THREE DOLLARS additional. For ladies who are employed to teach only the common English branches, the charge will be but Troo, iostead of THREE DOLLARS.

In all cases the postages used in corresponding with Principals, and in their behalf, with candidates, will be charged,

NO CHARGE TO PUBLIC SCHOOLS, except the preliminary fee of Two DOLLARS and the postages.

Testimony for the "American School Institute.” I know yonr “AMERICAN SCHOOL INSTITUTE" to be possessed of the most reliable and extended facilities.Rev. C. V. SPEAR, Principal Young Ladies' Institute, Pittsfield, Mass.

The benefits of a "division of labor” are happily conceived, and admirably realized in the "AMERICAN SCHOOL INSTITUTE."-EDWARD G. TYLER, Ontario Female Sem., N. Y.

I have tried and experienced its practical usefulness.-WM. F. Wyers, Principal, Westchester, Penn.

Experience has taught me that I may safely rely upon it when I want teachers. -Rev.J. H. BRAKELET, Bordentoitn Female College, New Jersey.

I commend it to the entire confidence of all. -Rev. D. C. VAN NORMAN, LL. D., New York.

The business of the lostitute is systematically conducted. The proprietors are liberally educated and other wise eminently qualified for their duties.-0, R. Willis, Principal Alexander Institute, White Plains, N. Y.

I am very grateful for the prompt services which the "AMERICAN SCHOOL INSTITUTE” has rendered in supplying me with excellent teachers.--Rev. C. W. HEWES, Principal Female Seminary, Indianapolis, Indiana.

I have tried the "AMERICAN SCHOOL INSTITUTE," and regard it a most desirable medium for supplying our schools and seminaries with the best teachers, and for representing well-qualified teachers who wish em. ployment. , All who are seeking teachers will find a wide range from which to select, with an assurance that in stating character and qualitications, there is no "humbug," and there can be no mistake. Teachers will find situations open for which they may seek in vain in any other way. The highly respectable character of the gentlemen who conduct the " AMERICAN SCHOOL INSTITUTE" Affords a sufficient guarantee, not only of fair dealing, but also of kind and polite treatment to all. ---Rer. Eeen S. STEARNS, Principal Albany Female Aculemy, N. Y.

The most remarkable exponent of what method may accomplish, is that system of educational tactics, as conducted and developed by the "AMERICAN SCHOOL INSTITUTE,” Here is a set of gentlemen who keep themselves posted on the entire educational wants of the country. Every department of education, high or low, comes within the plan. The apparatus, the literature, the wants and resources of education, are tabled as in a Bureau of Educational Statistics.

And now mark the value of such knowledge. In a time consideration, what saving! Instead of schools being closed or suffered to decline until the right mar turns up, one is provided whose caliber is known--"The right man in the right place." The loss of time, misdirection of talent, imposition by unprofessional charIntanry, each in itself no small misfortune to patron or pupil, are happily

avoided. -REV. SAMUEL

LOCKWOOD, Keyport, New Jersey.

See Teachers' Bulletin on next page.

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Do
O the readers of the Monthly know what is meant by an “old

field school ?” I have never heard the term except in Virginia, and even there it is fast falling into disuse. Thirty years ago, the Old Field School was an honored institution in Virginia. Washington, Henry, Randolph, Jefferson, Monroe, and many others whose names are illustrious, had spent their early days within its rough-hewn walls, and under the eye of some Dominie Sampsod, whose birchen rod was considered a more able coadjutor than any text-book of the day. Academies, seminaries, institutions, were unfamiliar words to my childish ears; but old Gocomico school-house, how vivid is my remembrance of it! It stood remote from all habitations, at the edge of a stunted pine-wood, a wide old field stretching away in front; while beyond was the pebbly beach and rushing waters of the Potomac, and, far in the distance, the faint blue shores of Maryland. The ball was a low, dark room, built of unbarked pine logs, slabs of the same material forming the roofing. The light was admitted by two long loop-holes, formed by the omission of a log on opposite sides. The desks were ranged beneath these, the children thereby receiving not only a sufficient quantum of pure air, but often snow or rain commingled with the needful oxygen. The teacher's seat, opposite the only door, was honored by having a single pane of glass inserted in the wall. There stood his small pine-table, adorned with a ruler, an inkhorn, and sundry bunches of quills. Beside this was his high-backed, rushbottom chair ; and, leaning against the wall at his side, was the muchdreaded bundle of rods. Schoolmaster Sutherland was an old man, and inclined to the fashions of an olden time. His long white hair was knotted in a queue. The rubicund complexion indicated that temperance was not an essential qualification of a pedagogue. Yet he was hale and strong, as many a lad could testify. An Englishman by birth, tradition said he had once trodden the halls of Oxford, and was a graduate of Cardinal College ; but, being the victim of unfaithful love, he had left England forever, and had buried himself in the wilds of Virginia, gaining his daily bread by teaching the Old Field School. He was, no doubt, a learned man ; but

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