ePub 版


CURRENT PUBLICATIONS. "HE object of a popular history ought to of the actors in this grand drama who pass

be at least twofold-to give a record of in review before him." events, and to teach the influence of those Let us look, then, at the manner in events upon the life, growth, and pros- which these facts are stated, and at some perity of the nation. Hence, and most of the facts themselves. The author has emphatically with the American nation- followed so strictly the chronology of for thank God we are a nation-it should events, that he has failed to consider not be confined to the mere acts of the (ad- together, facts so nearly related that they ministrative) Government, or to the sim- could not be separated without making ple revolution of governmental machinery. such a break in the narrative, as rudely to Inventive genius; the plough and the shock the mind of the attentive reader. plane; the anvil and the loom; the chisel For instance, on page 143, “General and the pencil; the pen and the press, Wayne, who had brought the war to a sucplay just as important a part, and should cessful termination with the Indians northfind recognition. We should see some- west of the Ohio, now concluded a treaty thing of the inner life of the nation, if we with them.” The reader is here brought would gain any clear knowledge of the to a sudden stop to inquire about that war, people whose history we reud. We need, and then naturally asks, why was not this as much as we need the facts, the circum- statement made at the close of paragraph stances attending and necessitating those 18, at the top of the page, where it evifacts, if we are to accept them as lessons of dently belongs? Why should the statethe past for our guidance in the future. It ment of the “ Whiskey Insurrection," and is thus, and thus only, “ History is philos- of the "treaty with Great Britain” be inophy teaching by example."

terposed ? A similar example is found on The leading object of a school history, pages 150-1. In fact this is a fault runand especially a school history of our own ning through the whole book. The excountry-should be, not to give a dry pre- ample quoted is subject also to another sentation of facts only, but also to indi- criticism, to which the writer has too frecate, to the youth of our land, how these quently exposed himself: “Brought the facts are connected—the events following war to a successful termination with the causes, and the causes producing events- Indians," etc. Did Wayne bring "the and to point out to them the great moral war to a successful termination with the and political lessons which these are cal- Indians; or did he bring the war with the culated to teach. The writer of a school Indians to a successful termination ?" history proposes to give instruction to the The slight credit which our author gives young, who need as much guidance in to Roger Williams is unjust, and the warm tracing the relation of the facts which he praise accorded to Cecilius Calvert, as the presents, as they do in tracing the relations champion of religious liberty, is undeof the facts presented to them.in philoso- served. It is true that Calvert guarantied phy or in mathematics. Hence, a school freedom of religious opinion in his colony; history, above all others, should not be a but he never declared, as Williams did, mere chronology of events. This is sim- that government had no right to meddle ply history with its vitals torn out, and in matters of conscience--that errors in reproperly comes in, after history, as a mne- ligion "are to be fought against with that monio aid, like the formulas in other sci- sword, which is only in soul-matters able

to conquer; to wit, the sword of God's The author of Robert's History has Spirit, the Word of God." Calvert granted not failed in all this, because he has not freedom of religious worship as a concesattempted it. Indeed he tells us in his sion, as a matter of policy, in order to preface that, “ Facts only are presented, build up his colony; and Williams claimed and the mind of the youthful student left it equally for all as a God-given right, in freedom as to the principles and motives which no government could infringe with

out usurpation. And yet Williams is 1) ROBERT'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. passed by without a word of commendaPhiladelphia : Sower, Barnes & Potts. Price

tion, while Calvert is represented to have


90 cents,

spent “more than forty years" in estab- ment, insisted that any change in the funlisbing the principles of religious liberty, damental charter of the State must be and to have met with such success as to made by the full concurrence of a majority "enrol his name among the great and wise of the people; and denounced the Suffrage benefactors of the human race, in all ages Party as guilty of high treason.” We can and in every clime."

not suppose that the author intends to It is strange how men will stultify them- falsify; and yet the mass of readers would selves ! On the very page (4) where this learn from this little else than falsehood. passage occurs, we are told that in a very The charter granted by Charles II. was short time after, “the Church of England still in force. That charter permitted only was by law established as the State re- freeholders to vote. There was no proligion, to be supported by general taxa- vision by which the charter could be tion.” This was the splendid success of amended--the people had no power to an effort running through “ more than amend--the Legislature had none. The forty years !” No such religious liberty people desired a change--& convention was established by Roger Williams; and, was called--a constitution was formed and wanting such success, he fails in praise. submitted to a vote of all the citizens, a Alas, poor Williams!

record on the ballot showing whether it Page 181: “A treaty between Spain and the was given by a freeholder, or by a citizen United States, ratified this year, ceded East not a freeholder. The result was a majorand West Florida, with all the adjacent ity of the freeholders, and also of the citiislands, to the United States, in extinction of zens not freeholders. The author should the various American claims, to satisfy have said, “must be made by the full conwhich the American government agreed to currence of a majority of the freeholders in pay the claimants five millions of dollars." an nnmixed vote"-an important distinc

Now what is the fact with regard to this tion. The Law and Order Party did not Florida purchase ? Simply this : Spain constitute the majority of the people. ceded the Floridas to the United States, Page 197 : “Such a series of wrongs were and received in exchange Texas and five (was ?) perpetrated against the colonists of millions of dollars. It is true that it was Texas as compelled them to take up arms stipulated that the money should be paid and fight for their lives and liberties." to American citizens having just claims Unhappy Texans! But what were those against Spain. But why was the most im- wrongs? Here again our teacher is dumb. portant part of this transaction left unre- On the establishment of her independence, corded? Was the writer ignorant? or did

Mexico abolished slavery. This, as every he fear that if he disclosed a bargain, well-informed person knows, was the griewhere so much was given, he would be vous wrong which compelled the Texans compelled, for the honor of Yankee shrewd- "to take up arms and fight for their lives ness, to state why a contract, apparently so

and liberties." foolish, was made? Did he not know that What is said of Kansas, and of certain this was one of the most important moves matters in the adıninistration of President in the “irrepressible conflict” which Buchanan, is liable to similar criticisms. brought on us two foreign wars, and cul- Page 233: “Great sorrow was felt for minated in a four years' domestic war, the death of Colonel Baker, a senator in such as the world had never seen? Did Congress from California." It has generhe not know that Florida was demanded ally been supposed that Colonel Baker was for the security of slavery—that John C. a senator from Oregon ; but as Mr. RobCalhoun insisted that “Florida is an im- erts presents "facts only,” this inay have perative necessity now-we can get Texas. been a popular delusion. back when we want it;" and thus over- The book contains not a word about came the opposition of General Jackson to those sterling men who first settled New the, otherwise, foolish trade? If he knew England, and who, planting the schoolthe truth of this transaction, so pregnant house side by side with the church, beof evil, why not tell it to the youth whom came the progenitors of a moral, intelligent, he would teach? If he did not know it, and industrious people, who have made then-no matter.

the world their debtor for the products of Page 194: “The majority, called the inventive genius and of mechanical skill. Law and Order Party, opposed this move- The self-sacrificing deeds of Lafayette,

Pulaski, and Steuben, who aided our lishment for the care of the insane, in fathers in their struggle to be free, are not Massachusetts, commences his treatise with held up to the adıniration and gratitude of the simple statement that “every human those who enjoy the blessings they helped being is appointed to take the charge of his to win.

own body. He must supply its wants, diThe cool courage

of Wadsworth's rect its powers, regulate its actions, and “Drum! drum! I say,” the heroic con- thus sustain his life.” He then proceeds duct of Jasper in nailing the flag to the to set forth the laws of health, the powers staff, the words of the dying Lawrence, of the several organs, the limit of their " Don't give up the ship," are not used to strength, the way in which they are to be furnish to the youthful mind lessons of developed and sustained, their proper sublime and patriotic devotion. Not a uses, and the certain and evil consequences word to incite our youth to noble deeds is that follow their misapplication. All this suid of all the worthies of Revolutionary is done clearly, logically, and in the most memory. Even Washington, that greatest easy and fascinating manner. Well conand best of all our heroes, fails, under the sidered in plan, reasonable in its deducinfluence of Mr. Robert's pen, to become, tions, and admirable in style, it meets our as a model, the teacher of the young, in most exacting wishes as a handbook of the virtue, patriotism, and true manhood. science of which it treats. From preface

To those wanting a portable chronologi- to finis, the reader feels as if he were face cal chart of their country's history, in to face with the author in a familiar conconvenient form, this book will be valuable.

versation, in which the accumulated reAs a school-book, it lacks too many essen- sources of years of study and experience, tial elements, and has no just claim to and practical good sense, are quietly and be called a School History.

fully unfolded before him. Where all is

80 excellent, it is difficult to particularize. Next to the teachings and the reasonable Yet the chapters on Digestion and Food," requirements of the Gospel, we know of

“ Animal Heat," "The Skin," and “ The nothing so generally and persistently neg- Brain and Nervous System,” are worthy lected by the great mass of civilized man- of the most careful consideration. For the kind, as is the practical observance of those

sake of these chapters alone, we wish that laws of physiology upon which so largely every teacher in the United States could depend the preservation of life and health. read this work. For every one concerned And, in these latter days, so remarkable in the work of education, the book is pregfor the popularization and diffusion of nant with important facts and suggestions, knowledge, those who thus sin against which, properly employed, ought to bear themselves can claim no exemption from good fruit for the rising generation. blame on the score of ignorance. In this country especially, where the laws of health

There is certainly no more essential part are constantly and glaringly violated, pop- of a nation's literature, none more characular treatises, school instruction, public teristic and expressive of the nation's conlectures, and the columns of our newspa- ceptions and sentiment, than its popular pers, all hold up a warning finger to the

poetry. Not its popnlar doggerel, not the reckless public, who live too fast to live street-ballad, though that is very importlong or well. And the people read, but will ant, but its popular literary poetry, the best not heed. We have sometimes doubted known and best liked poems of the great whether it was worth any one's time and poets, such as are read, and memorized, and labor to offer any additional instruction to declaimed in school, retained, reread, and those who thus blindly disregard the voice loved through life. Some of these Profesof admonition and the dictates of common sor Simonson has given in his new book.: sense. Yet, it is, perhaps, desirable that truth should be constantly kept before the


use of Schools, Academies, and Colleges, people, whether they will heed it or not.


For the

EDWARD JARVIS, M.D. New York: A. S. Barnes Hence, we can recoinmend no better me- & Co., 1866. 12mo., pp. 427. Price $1.50.

(3) DEUTSCHES BALLADEN-B H; Eine Sammlung dium than Dr. Jarvis' recent and admirable

Balladen, Romanzen, und kleinerer Gedichte von work on “Physiology and Health.". The Gæthe, Schiller, Bürger, Ubland, Schwab. Kör.

Mit Lebensskizzen (etc.), von Proauthor, who is widely known as a statisti

fessor L. Simonson, Trinity College, Hartford. cian, and the head of a prominent estab

Boston : De Vries, Ibarra & Co. 16mo., pp. 304.
Price $1.75.

ner, U. A.

As he had to make a selection, perhaps NOTWITHSTANDING the great attractivethe ballad was the best poetic form to ness of Natural History, its study has not select. There certainly are no more popu- been properly encouraged in this country. lar or more beautiful poems in German This is partly owing, no doubt, to the deliterature than Schiller's ballads, nor any fective character of such text-books as that are more satisfactory to a non-German have from time to time been published. reader. Besides, he has also given a few Some of these are dry and abstruse, while of the finest and most popular lyric pieces others are so superficial as to be unworthy of the eleven authors represented. The of attention. Dr. Hooker's late work on biographical notices of the authors, and the this subject was a great advance, but a historical explanations, are valuable; and work containing more information concernthe endeavor to make the book useful, for ing the classification, was necessary as a æsthetic discipline, by the analysis of fitting complement to it. In great measure several poems, is worthy of praise. We Prof. Tenney's effort* supplies the want. take exception to a few general sentences We regret that it contains no preliminary in the preface upon the nature of the bal

chapter on the general structure of animals lad. The student is told that the ballad or comparative zoology. It is true, that a has, according to Goethe's idea, something detailed discussion of this subject belongs mysterions, but not mystic; that the latter rather to a work not elementary in its nacharacter lies in the subject of a poem, the ture; still, some knowledge, at least, is esformer in its treatment. “The mysterious sential to a just conception of the unity of character of the ballad is found in the man- creation. Nevertheless, the judicious teachner in which it is presented. The poet er will find little difficulty in presenting the has his subject, his figures, their actions matter properly to his class. The book is and motions so deeply impressed upon his profusely illustrated with very excellent enmind, that he scarckly knows how to word gravings, some of which appear in the them. He applies therefore all three fun- Monthly, in the article on “ The Anthrodamental forms of poetry--the epic, lyric, poid Apes." The style is very agreeable, and dramatic-to express what is to excite and will do much toward rendering the the imagination and engross the mind,” work popular. The mechanical execution etc. What does this mean? What is the reflects great credit upon the publishers. plain English, or plain German, for this subtle distinction between the inystic and

PROFESSOR TYNDALL's Lecture on Radiamysterious? Do good poets or bad poets

tions is very interesting. Abstruse physical find it difficult to word their thoughts and

points are discussed in a manner which feelings? How much difficulty does difi- renders them simple, and their study not cult imply? Are the subject, the figures, only instructive, but entertaining. Indeed, their actions and motions, impressed more

the author may justly claim the high honor deeply upon the mind of a balladist than of being almost the only man living who the subject, the characters, and the action can present scientific truths in a popular of a play upon the mind of a dramatist? manner without belittling them, or conDoes the ballad-writer employ three forms cealing their proper valtie. The “Rede" of poetry in one poem, because it is mys- lecture is, in great measure, a condensation terious and not mystic? a mere matter

of what was said upon the same subject in of presentation, though not of subject? the author's "Heat as a Mode of Motion," But an end to questions! The book is although it contains details of many new good. We miss some poems, such as Uhl- facts and experiments. The subject of the and's “Little Roland," and "Roland, the

lecture is not closely followed, but many Shield-bearer,” yet, we are glad to testify points clustering about it are carefully that it is a very satisfactory selection; the treated. An engraving illustrating the notes are neither too few, nor too many;

comparative heat in the spectrum, preceden the size and appearance of the book fit it

(4) NATURAL HISTORY. A Manual of Zoology for as well for the parlor-table or library, as Schools, Colleges, and the General Reader. By

SANBORN TENNEY, A M., Professor of Natural for the use of a class. It will be convenient

History in Vassar Female College. Illustrated not only for the student, but for readers with five hundred engravings. Crown, 8vo, pp.

540. New York: Scribner & Co. $3.00. of German literature who do not own all (5) Ox RADIATION. The “ Rede" Lecture, delivered

in the Senate House before the University of Cam. the principal poets, or who do not wish to

bridge, England, on Tuesday, May 16, 1865. By look through large volumes whenever they

Royal Institution, etc. 12mo, pp. 48. New York feel disposed to read over a favorite piece. D. Appleton & Co. 50 cents.

JOHN TYNDALL, F. R. S., Prof. Nat. Phil. in the

[ocr errors]

the lecture. Every instructor should have geographical charts omit as in what they the book, not only because of the imme- contain. They omit all unnecessary names diate use he may make of it before his and minor details, which only burden the classes, but because of the additions which memory of the pupil, confuse his ideas, he may make to his own stock of knowledge and destroy all definite impressions.

These give complete physical maps of all Most young men, who become instruct- the divisions of the world, as well as the ors in physics and chemistry, enter upon important political features. While they their work fresh from the college, without are practically outline maps, at the same opportunities for acquiring expertness of time they contain all the more important manipulation. They are, therefore, so pames, so skillfully arranged as not to insuperficially acquainted with the construc- terfere with the primary objects of such tion and use of apparatụs, that in experi- maps. The letters are not visible to the menting they have ill success, and frequent pupil from his chair, while the teacher, failures. To this class, Dr. Frick's work before his class, is emphatically master will prove most welcome. It is to physics of the situation.” The coloring of the maps what Morfit's “ Manipulation" is to chem- shows' at a glance the elevations of the istry; but is more valuable, in that it gives land; the drawings of the mountains very not only full details concerning the use of adroitly show their altitudes; and the signs apparatus, but also explains carefully and which mark the localities of cities are so minutely the construction of every com- devised as to give the population of the plicated piece, and even' gives directions cities. by which many pieces may be mann factured The system of triangulations and relative at little cost. This work will also prove

measurements is certainly a great improvean important assistant to teachers in many ment upon the old method of teaching map academies, where there is little apparatus drawing. It compels the pupil to gain a and little means to procure more.

The distinct impression of the general form and illustrations are numerous, and of a high outline of the country under consideration, order. The book is well gotten up, printed with its important mountain ranges, lakes, on tinted paper, and strongly bound. It and rivers. This plan, properly pursued, will prove valuable to every physical exper- must make the pupil so independent of the imenter.

old trammels of copy, parallels, and merid

ians, that he can readily reproduce from The publisher of Warren's well-known memory a good map of the country. series of geographies has done good ser- It is impossible, in our space, to give an vice to the cause of education by issuing, idea of the numerous points of advantage in the tablet form, which is so convenient which may be gained by the use of these and deservedly popular, and withal so maps. We think that, properly taught, cheap, a new set of School-room Maps, or a class, in six weeks, may learn more of Geographical Charts. The set consists geography from any one of these tablets of fourteen charts, mounted upon seven

than has usually been taught during the heavy card-board tablets. These tablets entire course of many of the pupils in our are inclosed in a portfolio. They are ac- public schools. companied by a valuable Hand book for We notice several little mistakes, which Teachers, which we shall notice at another the publisher will do well to correct in his time.

next edition. In the zoological table, We are quite as interested in what these which, by the way, is very useful and

complete, the habitat of rabbits includes

South America. We believe that no rab(6) PHYSICAL TECHNICS; or, Practical Instructions for

Making Experiments in Physics and the Construc- bit, and only one species of hare, has been tion of Physical Apparatus with the most limited means. By Dr. J. FRICK, Director of the High

found upon that continent. In several School at Freiburg, ete. Translated by Johu D. places the coloring is defective. This can Easter, Ph. D. Professor of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry in the Cniversity of Georgia. Phila- be easily remedied. delphia: Lippincott & Co. 8vo, pp. 467. $3.

Verily, better prospects are dawning (8) WARREN'S GEOGRAPHICAL CHARTS FOR SCHOOLS,

accompanied by a Handbook for Teachers. (Four. upon geography, so long neglected and so teen charts, mounted upon seven tablets, inclosed in a portfolio.) Price $15. J. B. Cowperthwait,

badly taught. These charts are a great Philadelphia,

advance in the right direction.


« 上一頁繼續 »