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the severest character occur periodically; for himself, the translator not unfrequentin some places, every five, in others every ly discovers that clauses, interfering with ten years. The country is covered with bis theory, have frequently been disputed. shrubbery, but there is little large timber, A little further examination might satisfy except ebony and lignurn-vitæ, which here him that there are few passages of imporattain extraordinary size. The great ob- tance which have not been disputed. stacle to commerce is the claim of Portugal On the whole, the translation gives evito sovereignty. Dr. Livingstone shows dence of honesty of purpose. It is careful, that this claim is a mere pretence; for, so and, in the main, accurate. The introducfar from possessing any authority over the tory papers are interesting; the notes on tribes, the Portuguese are really in subjec- each page are full; and the lists of correltion, paying an annual tribute for the sake ative texts is quite large. It is doubtful, of peace. This the Home Government however, whether the work will be of lastterms "holding the natives in pay." The ing value. To theological students and officials on the coast connive at the slave- clergymen, whose knowledge of Greek is trade, and derive large profits from it. The limited, it may prove advantageous; but only means of destroying this traffic is to the, perhaps, unintentional partiality and disregard the Portuguese pretensions, and sectarian character of the rendering will, to establish British colonies in the in- in all probability, cause it to share the fate terior, which, the Doctor thinks, would of most of its predecessors. be far more effectual and less expensive than the maintenance of a fleet on the The “Lower Depths of the Great Americoast.

can Metropolis" is the title of a popular Dr. Livingstone's work is an invaluable discourse recently delivered in this city by addition to geographical literature. The the Rev. Peter Stryker, D.D. By invitabook contains many illustrations and a tion of one of the Heads of our Metropolimap by Arrowsmith. We regret that the tan Police, he, with several friends, made American publishers saw fit to omit the a tour, by night, to the “lower depths" of appendix, to which reference is frequently New York city. He describes this tour in made in the body of the work.

his graceful stylo, and discourses upon

the prevalence of poverty and consequent Mr. Wilson's "Emphatic Dingloit" 3 con

crime in this overgrown city. The tenetains the Greek text of the New Testament,

ment houses he condemns, and suggests a with an interlinear translation and a new remedy which the wealthy should heed. rendering printed on the margin. In this Our new Excise law he commends in rather marginal reading the more important words handsome terms. Altogether the discourse are distinguished by emphatic marks. The

is able, interesting, and full of information. various disputed verses, such as Acts xiii. The subject is worthy of the pen of this 87, and first Epistle of John v. 7, which much-esteemed and rising young divine, are now generally believed to he spurious, and he has treated it in a style which are omitted, and the reasons for the omis. will be appreciated. The publishers of sion are given in the foot-notes. Certain the Pulpit and Rostrum have had the good peculiarities of the new rendering impel us fortune to secure the original manuscript to the belief that at least some of the di

ast some of the di copy of the discourse, and hence are able vines, who appear to have recommended

to present it to the public as No. 88 of their the work, did so without careful examina

vithout careful examina- Painphlet serial. This brings it within the tion. Mr. Wilson invariably translates baptizo, to immerse; he carefully avoids the term hell, leaving the words Gehenna and Silliman's Journal for May is filled with Hades untranslated. In the appendix he valuable and interesting matter. The defends his position in this matter by refer- Scientific Intelligence is unusually full. ences to the use of these terms in the Sep- The number closes the current volume. tuagint, where, as he inaintains, they never The Journal is published in New Haven, signify a place of punishment. Happily at $6.00 per annum.

reach of all.

) TBE EMPHATIC DIAGLOTT. By BENJAMIN WILSON. New York : Fowler & Wells. Small 12mo, pp. 884. $4.00.

(4) PULPIT AND ROSTROX, No. 38. Price 15 cts,

Schermerhorn, Bancroft & Co., Publishers, 434
Broome Street, New York.

EDUCATIONAL MONTHLY.

VOL. III.

AUGUST, 1866.

No. 8.

CROQUET.* THERE are so few out-door games in which both ladies and gentle

I men can join, that any addition to the number is welcomed by every friend of healthful recreation and social amusement. Probably no game ever became so suddenly popular as Croquet ; and surely none could more deserve such popularity. Answering as it does every condition and requirement of a social summer game, it is not surprising that it has become a general favorite wherever it has been introduced. Now that

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* For the illustrations of this article we are indebted to the courtesy of Messrs. Hurd & Houghton, Publishers of "The Game of Croquet" by R. Fellow. The rules of the game are taken, with permission, from that book.

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11

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the necessary implements for the game can be obtained at a moderate cost, there is no reason why Croquet should not find a place on every playground and village green.

IMPLEMENTS.

The implements required in the game of croquet are balls, mallets, arches, and stakes. The balls are eight in number. They should be perfect spheres, about three inches in diameter and six ounces in weight. Turkey box-wood, owing to its denseness and durability, is perhaps the best material. Of native woods, rock-maple is considered best by some, wbile others prefer button-wood or American sycamore. The individuality of the balls being an important element in the game, each ball should be distinguished by a separate color. The best colors are those which are most distinct-namely, black, white, yellowish green, bright blue, brown, pink, scarlet, and yellow.

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The mallets, also eight in number, should be in proportion to the weight of the balls. The best material is apple-wood for the heads, and straightgrained ash for the handles. The heads should be cylindrical in shape, about four inches long, and two inches in diameter. The sides of the head may be slightly hollowed, after the fashion of a dice-box. The handle should be perfectly straight, from thirty to thirty-six inches in length, and one inch in diameter at the end, decreasing gradually to the point of insertion in the handle. Each mallet should have a color corresponding with its ball painted on the handle next the head. These colors serve to keep the balls and mallets in pairs, and also for distinguishing the players.

The arches are ten in number. They are best made of three-eighths round iron, and should stand when fixed in the ground about twelve inches high, with a span of from eight to ten inches. The height and width of the arches may be varied according to the dimensions of the field and the skill of the players. It is an advantage to have the arches painted white, so that they may be readily distinguished, especially at night-fall.

The stakes, two in number, should be about two feet high, and of the thickness of the mallet handles. On the upper half of the stakes the eight colors used on the balls should be laid on in rings, in the order mentioned above. These rings show the order of play.

THE GAME.

Croquet may be played by any number of persons up to eight. In all cases there must be two sides, or parties, each having the same number of balls. An odd player may be balanced by allowing one on the opposite side to play two balls. With skillful players, six balls, three on a side, make a better game than eight; while many prefer four balls, two on a side, as allowing a quicker and more scientific game.

Two of the party are selected as chiefs, and the sides chosen as in other games. The first choice is usually determined by a trial of skill. Each chief places a ball under the first arch, and plays at the stake. The one whose ball lies nearest the stake has the first choice. The first chief bas black, and his first selection green; the second chief has white, and his first selection blue ; and so on. In this way the dark

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colors will form one side and the light colors the other; and the play is ir the order of the colors on the stakes.

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